O-chem glossary (6)
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the main carb reservoir in animals
the fundamental unit of DNA and RNA. Made up of a nitrogen containing organic base, a 5-carbon sugar and a phosphate group.
name two types of proteins
fibrous (provide structure and strenght, hair etc) and globular (the worker molecules of the body)
name two types of secondary protein structure
alpha-helical and pleated sheet
a special protein synthesized in response to foreign substances
Do amino acids neutralise acids or bases?
Both - they contain both a weak acid and a weak base group.
name the 5 organic bases in DNA and RNA
thyamine (DNA only), uracil (RNA only), cytosine, adenine, guanine
consists of glycerol (with 3 -OH substituents) and 3 fatty acid molecules attached by ester linkages.
the salt of a long chain fatty acid
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