Card Set Information
Learning and Memory
The process by which experiences change our nervous system and therefore our behavior.
Changes in the nervous system that affect our behavior are what?
What are the four forms of learning?
Perceptual, stimulus-response, motor, and relational learning
The ability to learn to recognize stimuli that has been perceived before. Ability to identify and categorize objects and situations
Ability to learn to perform a particular behavior when a particular simulus is present.
Concerns the establishment of connections between neural circuits involved in perception and those involved in movement.
There is an unditional stimuli and an unconditioned response, as well as a conditional stimuli and a conditional response.
Cellular basis of learning that involves strengthening of a synapse that is repeatedly active when a postsynaptic nerve fires
Learning procedure where the effects of a particular behavior in a particular situation increase or decrease the probability of the behavior. Use to reinforce or punish.
Intrumental or operant conditioning
Learning to make a new response that is a consequence of stimulus-response
The most complex form of learning that involves the relations among individual stimuli
Sub-category of relational learning that deals with the location of objects
Sub-category of relational learning that involves remembering sequences of events
Sub-category of relational learning that involves watching and observing others
Perceptual learning pathways involves two streams of what?
The visual association cortex
Estrastriate cortex to inferior temporal cortex. Believed to be that "what" of visual perception.
Extrastriate cortex of occipital lobe that leads to posterior parietal lobe. The "where" of visual perception.
Amnesia for events that occur prior to trauma. Minor head injury or shock.
When individuals don't remember new information after an accident occurs. Can't transfer thing from short term to long term memory.
When there is damage to the temporal lobe and bilateral hippocampus, the patient could have...
For retrograde amnesia, damage to hippocampus must be....
This kind of amnesia is due to alcoholism or malnutrition. A severe antrograde amnesia.