Chapter 12

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Anonymous
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183352
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Chapter 12
Updated:
2012-11-12 23:44:16
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christdubstep
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Learning and Memory
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  1. The process by which experiences change our nervous system and therefore our behavior.
    Learning
  2. Changes in the nervous system that affect our behavior are what?
    Memories
  3. What are the four forms of learning?
    Perceptual, stimulus-response, motor, and relational learning
  4. The ability to learn to recognize stimuli that has been perceived before. Ability to identify and categorize objects and situations
    Perceptual learning
  5. Ability to learn to perform a particular behavior when a particular simulus is present.
    Stimulus-response learning
  6. Concerns the establishment of connections between neural circuits involved in perception and those involved in movement.
    Stimulus-response learning
  7. There is an unditional stimuli and an unconditioned response, as well as a conditional stimuli and a conditional response.
    Classical conditioning
  8. Cellular basis of learning that involves strengthening of a synapse that is repeatedly active when a postsynaptic nerve fires
    Hebb rule
  9. Learning procedure where the effects of a particular behavior in a particular situation increase or decrease the probability of the behavior. Use to reinforce or punish.
    Intrumental or operant conditioning
  10. Learning to make a new response that is a consequence of stimulus-response
    Motor learning
  11. The most complex form of learning that involves the relations among individual stimuli
    Relational learning
  12. Sub-category of relational learning that deals with the location of objects
    Spatial learning
  13. Sub-category of relational learning that involves remembering sequences of events
    Episodic learning
  14. Sub-category of relational learning that involves watching and observing others
    Observational learning
  15. Perceptual learning pathways involves two streams of what?
    The visual association cortex
  16. Estrastriate cortex to inferior temporal cortex. Believed to be that "what" of visual perception.
    Ventral stream
  17. Extrastriate cortex of occipital lobe that leads to posterior parietal lobe. The "where" of visual perception.
    Dorsal stream
  18. Amnesia for events that occur prior to trauma. Minor head injury or shock.
    Retrograde amnesia
  19. When individuals don't remember new information after an accident occurs. Can't transfer thing from short term to long term memory. 
    Antrograde amnesia
  20. When there is damage to the temporal lobe and bilateral hippocampus, the patient could have...
    Antrograde amnesia
  21. For retrograde amnesia, damage to hippocampus must be....
    bilateral
  22. This kind of amnesia is due to alcoholism or malnutrition. A severe antrograde amnesia.
    Korsakoff's amnesia

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