Chapter 15

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auntlilly
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183420
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Chapter 15
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2012-11-13 13:52:46
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Chapter 15
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Chapter 15
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  1. cerebell/o
    cerebellum
  2. cerebr/o
    cerebrum, brain
  3. dur/o
    hard, dura mater
  4. encephal/o
    brain
  5. gangli/o, ganglion/o
    ganglion
  6. gli/o
    glia, gluey susbtance
  7. menign/i, meningi/o
    meninges
  8. myel/o
    spinal cord
  9. neur/o
    nerve
  10. radic/o, radicul/o, rhiz/o
    nerve root (proximal end of peripheral nerve)
  11. esthesi/o
    sensation, sensitivity, feeling
  12. ment/o, psych/o
    mind
  13. mon/o
    one, single
  14. phas/o
    speech
  15. poli/o
    gray matter
  16. quadr/i
    four
  17. -iatrist
    specialist, physician
  18. -iatry
    treatment, specialty
  19. -ictal
    seizure, attack
  20. -paresis
    slight, paralysis
  21. Alzheimer disease (AD)
    early senility or dementia, confusion, loss of recognition of persons or familiar surroundings
  22. amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
    Lour Gehrig disease, cuased by hardening of nerve tisue on lateral columns of spinal cord
  23. Bell palsy
    paralysis of muscles on one side of the face
  24. cerebral aneurysm
    aneurysm in the cerebrum
  25. cerebral embolism (ischemic stroke)
    embolism lodges in cerebral artery, causes sudden blockage of blood supply to brian tissue
  26. cerebral aneurysm
    aneurysm in teh cerebrum
  27. cerebral palsy (CP)
    caused by brain defect of lesion present at birth or shortly thereafter
  28. dementia
    cognitive impairment, loss of intellectual brain function with difficulty performing complex tasks
  29. epilepsy
    general term given togroup of neurologic disorders
  30. hydrocephalus
    increased amount of cerebrospinal fluid in ventricles of brain
  31. intracerebral hemorrhage
    a cause of hemorrhagic stroke, bleeding into the brain from a ruptured blood vessel within the brain
  32. multiple sclerosis (MS)
    degenerative disease, characterized by sclerotic patches along brain and spinal cord
  33. Parkinson disease (PD)
    chronic, degenerative disease of CNS, resting tremors of hands and feet
  34. sciatica
    iinflammation of sciatic nerve, pain from thigh through leg to foot and toes
  35. shingles
    viral disease, affects peripheral nerves
  36. stroke
    caused by interruption of blood supply to a region of the brain
  37. subarachnoid hemorrhage
    bleeding baused by ruptured blood vessel just outside the brain
  38. transient ischemic attack (TIA)
    called 'mini stroke' sudden, deficient supply of blood to brain
  39. computed tomography of the brain (CT scan)
    nuclear medicine, uses radioative substance, produces ectional images of brain
  40. magnetic resonance imagining of brain or spine (MRI scan)
    uses no radiation produces sectional images using a strong magnetic field
  41. positron emission tomography of the brain (PET scan)
    nuclear medicine, produces sectional images, examines blood flow and metabolic activity
  42. evoked potential studies (EP studies)
    group of diagnostic tests, measure changes nad responses in brain waves through visual, auditory or somatosensory stimuli
  43. lumbar puncture (LP), spinal tap
    insert needle into suarachnoid space between thrid and fourth lumbar vetebrae
  44. afferent
    coneying toward a center
  45. ataxia
    lack of muscle coordination
  46. cognitive
    pertains to mental processes, comprehension, judgment, memory, reason
  47. coma
    state of profound unconsciousness
  48. concussion
    injury to brain cuased by minor or major head trauma, vertigo, headache, possible loss of consciousness
  49. conscious
    awake, alert, aware of surroundings
  50. convulsion
    sudden, involuntary contraction of a group of muscles, may be present during a seizure
  51. disorientation
    state of mental confusion as to, time, place, identity
  52. dysarthria
    inability to use speech that is distint and connected, loss of muscle control after damage to PNS or CNA
  53. efferent
    conveying away from the center
  54. gait
    manner or style of walking
  55. incoherent
    unable to express one's thoughts or ideas in an orderly intelligible manner
  56. paraplegia
    paralysis from teh waist down, caused by damage to the lower level of the spinal cord
  57. seizure
    sudden surge of abnormal electrical activity in the train, results in involuntary body movements or behaviors
  58. shunt
    tube implanted in teh body to redirect the flow of a fluid
  59. syncope
    fainting or sudden loss of consciosness
  60. unconsciousness
    state of being unaware of surroundings, incapable of responding to stimuli
  61. anorexia nervosa
    eating disorder, disturbed perception of body image
  62. anxiety disorder
    emotional disorder, bought about by anticipation of unreal or imagined danger
  63. attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
    disorder of learning and behavioral problems
  64. autism
    mental disorder with onset during infancy or childhood
  65. bipolar disorder
    major psychological disorder
  66. bulimia nervosa
    eating disorder, characterized by uncontrolled binge eating followed by purging
  67. major depression
    also called clinical depression, mood disturbance
  68. obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
    disorder characterized by intrusive, unwanted thoughts
  69. panic attack
    sudden onset of acute anxiety
  70. phobia
    marked, persistent fear that is excessive or unreasonable
  71. pica
    compulsive eating of nonnutritive substances, often a results of an iron deficiency
  72. schizophrenia
    any one of a large group of psychotic disorders
  73. somatoform disorders
    disorders characterized by physical symptoms for which no know physical cause exists
  74. AD
    Alzheimer disease
  75. ADHD
    attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  76. ALS
    amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  77. CNS
    central nervous system
  78. CP
    cerebral palsy
  79. CSF
    cerebrospinal fluid
  80. CVA
    cerebrovascular accident
  81. EEG
    electroencephalogram
  82. EP studies
    evoked potential studies
  83. LP
    lumbar puncture
  84. MRI scan
    magnetic resonance imaging scan
  85. MS
    multiple sclerosis
  86. OCD
    obsessive-compulsive disorder
  87. PD
    Parkinson disease
  88. PET scan
    positron emission tomography scan
  89. PNS
    peripheral nervous system
  90. PTSD
    posttraumatic stress disoder
  91. TIA
    transient ischemic attack

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