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2012-11-16 14:56:36
corrections study guide 10 12

ch 10-12
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  1. A place where the same people work, eat, sleep and engage in recreation together day after day is called?
    A Total Institution
  2. "The taking on of the ways, mores, customs and general culture of the penitentiary" is known as?
  3. Pseudofamilies exist in men's prisons in the same manner they exists in women's prisons.
  4. The set of norms and values among prison inmates is called?
    The prison code
  5. The special language of the inmate subculture is called?
    Prison argot
  6. A search of a prisoner's cell is called a?
  7. Over 5 percent of women are pregnant at the time of incarceration.
  8. Stud broads in a women's prison?
    Assume the male role in a homosexual relationship
  9. According to Schmalleger, the ___________ adapts to prison by exploiting the minimal pleasures it offers. They always seek the easy path and they plot to win the cushiest jobs.
  10. The belief that inmate subcultures develop in response to the deprivations in prison life is called?
    Deprivation theory
  11. The case of Cruz v. Beto established the right of prisoners to have visits.
  12. The sources of prisoners' rights are all except which of the following?
    Inmate unions
  13. The historical policy of American courts not intervening in the affairs of prison management was called?
    The hands off doctrine
  14. A previous judicial decision that judges should consider in deciding future cases is called?
  15. The court held that prison officials could not lawfully demonstrate deliberate indifference to the medical needs of prisoners in the case of?
    Estelle v. Gamble
  16. A "jailhouse lawyer" is?
    An inmate who helps other inmates with various legal problems
  17. The power, right or authority of a court to interpret and apply the law is called?
  18. Habeas corpus is Latin for?
    "You have the body"
  19. The first ten amendments to the United States Constitution are known as the ?
    Bill of Rights
  20. Constitutional rights of inmates may be restricted by all except?
    The general belief that inmates are bad
  21. ___________ is/are the common denominator for most offenders in the criminal justice system?
    Alcohol and drug problems
  22. Incarcerated individuals who exhibit unique physical, mental, social and progammatic needs that distinguish them from other prisoners are called?
    Special-needs inmates
  23. The use of Drug Courts has been?
    Successful in reducing recidivism rates
  24. Treating HIV and AIDS in prison is difficult for all but one of the following reasons?
    The frequency of taking medications
  25. In 2006 the State of __________ had the highest incidence of AIDS related deaths in its prison population?
  26. The most common sexually transmitted disease, one which affects the eyes and lungs, is?
  27. The principle of least eligibility holds that?
    Everyone is entitled to equal medical treatment without regard to status
  28. The most common cause of death among the world's prisoners is?
  29. The case of Gates v. Rowland dealt with the issue of?
    HIV-positive inmates working in the kitchen
  30. The estimated national cost per year to confine an inmate over 55 years old is?
  31. The nation's best-known prison hospice program is the one at?
    Angola Prison
  32. The key to curbing recidivism of people who are mentally ill is to expand_______________into jails and prisons so that inmates can begin therapy the moment they walk into custody?
    Public Health Services
  33. "Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishment inflicted" is part of the____Amendment?
  34. A punishment that is grossly disproportionate to the offense as well as those that transgress today's broad and idealistic concepts of dignity, civilized standards, humanity and decency is said to be?
    Cruel and unusual
  35. A method the U.S. Supreme Court uses to decide prisoner's rights cases, weighing the rights claimed by inmates against the legitimate needs of prisons is called the__________?
    Balancing Test