AMH 2091 FAMU Test 2

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AMH 2091 FAMU Test 2
2012-11-13 16:26:32

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  1. Identify the aims of Reconstruction
    To rebuild the South (post-Civil War)IndustrializeProvide basic assistance for the freedmen
  2. Explain Lincoln and Wade Davis Bills
    Lincoln 10% Plan (Changed state constitution, 10% of the state must agree to get back into the Union). They believe that the “succeeded” states should have only 10% of the populous vote to get back into the Union.Wade Davis Bill called for the majority. 50% +
  3. Express Andrew Johnson’s activities during Reconstruction
    Issued the Amnesty Proclamation. Johnson provided for amnesty and the return of property to those who would take an oath of allegiance. It was less harshWas later impeached
  4. Identify the aims of the Freemans Bureau
    At the end of the war, the Bureau's main role was providing emergency food, housing, and medical aid to refugees, though it also helped reunite families.Later, it focused its work on helping the freedmen adjust to their conditions of freedom. Its main job was setting up work opportunities and supervising labor contracts.Basically, they sent troops to enforce the law. So that there was no more slavery. And provided aid to freedmen
  5. Explain sharecropping
    The idea that you work on my farm, you get a bit of the crops that you labored for. There is not much progress, its just to be able to survive. For the freedman.
  6. Explain the impact of the Presidential election of 1876 on Reconstruction
    Agreement made in New York with Tilden and Hayes, that if you give me (Hayes) the election I will take the troops out of the south.
  7. Explain Dubois’s philosophy of the talented tenth
    The 10% of African Americans should be in politics.
  8. Explain the perspective of Pan-Africanism
    All Africans should unite to create a greater common for their people.
  9. Describe the ideas inside Dubois work the Souls of Black Folk
    In this book, Dubois speaks on how African Americans feel with their lifes in the south. They feel like they have to live two lives with the “white man” and their own lives within their own communities.
  10. Describe the UNIA, Marcus Garvey’s organization
    The UNIA (Universal Negro Improvement Associations. believed in economic self dependency. Garvey feels like there should be a separation between the white man and African Americans.
  11. Summarize the Plessy v Ferguson court case
    To make segregation legal . Separate but equal.
  12. Express Booker T Washington’s political ideas
    Booker T feels like African Americans should follow self-reliance. The difference between Washington and Garvey is that Washington was more of a politician, and he satisfies the “population.”
  13. Explain the National Negro Business league
    The National Negro Business League was the largest African American run organization at the time. Its purpose was to “promote the commercial and financial development of the Negro.”
  14. Explain the factors that lead to the Great Depression
    -Financial crash due to purchasing stocks on margin.(Basically, purchasing something with borrowed money, and you borrowed from someone who borrowed money, and someone who borrowed money…etc)-Loans given to Europe after WWI, which were never paid back
  15. Describe the Human Toll of the Great Depression
    Poor people living in horrible conditions.13 million people unemployed.
  16. Identify Herbert Hoovers view on the Depression
    -Tax cuts-Tariffs-Deregulation-Herbert did not believe in the government intervening.
  17. Identify FDR’s approach to the Great Depression
    He started the New Deal. There were many government run organizations giving jobs to people (just about any kind of job). And the wealthy were being taxed.
  18. Explain how the New Deal impacted in country
    It only temporarily stabilized the country.
  19. Explain why some viewed the New Deal’s programs as Socialist or Unconstitutional
    Because he wanted to redistribute the wealth.
  20. Explain the function of the Tennessee Valley Authority
    To give the South electricity. This benefitted the country because the south had electricity and in part they contributed to the economy because they paid for it in turn.
  21. Describe the relationship between Blacks and the New Deal
    Blacks where blocked out
  22. Summarize FDR’s court-racking plan
    He was afraid that they were going to call his plan unconstitutional. He appointed who shared his views and policies.
  23. Explain the Japanese Internment Camps
    Japanese land was taken and all of the Japanese was placed in camps. They were prisoners of war.
  24. Explain the importance of D-Day
    Normandy beach France, This was the 1st time Americans get to have a foothold on Europe during WW2, this made a deep impact in Germany’s attempt to win the war, as they were essentially fighting “two wars.”
  25. Explain the Kamikaze pilots
    Japanese pilots that killed the enemy along with killing themselves.
  26. Describe Roosevelt’s economic response to WW2
    Boosted America’s economy. Many American companies made weapons, producing thousands of jobs.
  27. Describe how WW2 impacted Blacks
    Tuskegee Airman were put into place, and this was an experiment to use black pilots during WW2. This desegregated blacks within the military.
  28. Describe how WW2 impacted other ethnic minorities
    -In an ironic about-face, local and federal government authorities who before the war had forced undocumented Mexican laborers back across the border now recruited them to harvest crops.- Women were inserted into the workforce.
  29. Explain the importance of the Yalta Conference
    Was the wartime meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union, represented by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and General Secretary Joseph Stalin, respectively, for the purpose of discussing Europe's post-war reorganization.
  30. Express the goals of the Civil Rights movement
    Racial equality and desegration
  31. Express the various forms of protest used during the Civil Rights era
    Marches, Sit-Ins, and worker union strikes
  32. Express the goals of the feminist movement
    Legalize abortion, de sex language, women’s role
  33. Express the goals of the New Left
    Anti-establishment, anti-vietnam
  34. Explain the Cuban Missile crisis
    Rebels in America to organize a mass revolt against the government. Wanted to cause government shut-down
  35. Explain the goals of the Great Society program and the War on Poverty