CV Drugs - Dr. McCauley

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Author:
davis.tiff
ID:
183485
Filename:
CV Drugs - Dr. McCauley
Updated:
2012-11-18 13:38:23
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PHARMACOLOGY
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Description:
PHARM EXAM III
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  1. A 45 year-old man comes into your office and presents with hypertension. He has a history of diabetes and high cholesterol. All of the following are good therapeutic options for his hypertension EXCEPT:

    A. furosemide
    B. amiloride
    C. spironolactone
    D. HCTZ
    e. none of the above should be used
    D. HCTZ
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. A 55 year-old woman comes into your office presenting with mild hypertension. Her blood levels indicate that she has low potassium. She also tells you that she is currently taking OTC ibuprofen for lower back pain. Which of the following would be an appropriate therapeutic option for her hypertension:

    A. furosemide
    B. clonidine
    C. enalapril
    D. lisinopril
    E. HCTZ
    B. clonidine (no DDI with NSAIDS)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. A 35 year-old pregnant women presents in your office with gestational hypertension and low potassium. Which of the following would be the best treatment option for her?

    A. labetalol
    B. aliskiren
    C. enalapril
    D. lisinopril
    e. all of the above
    A. labetalol
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. What is the most common side effect of enalapril?

    A. dehydration
    B. GI disturbances
    C. persistent dry cough
    D. hypokalemia
    e. none of the above
    C. persistent dry cough
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. A 52 year-old woman comes into your office complaining of difficulty sleeping, headaches and dizziness. You find that she is hypertensive and also has elevated cholesterol. Which of the following would be the best option for treating her hypertension?

    A. nifedipine
    B. propanolol
    C. atenolol
    D. metoprolol
    E. furosemide
    E. furosemide
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. All of the following are contraindicated in COPD/asthmatic patients EXCEPT:

    A. pindolol
    B. esmolol
    C. metoprolol
    D. propanolol
    e. all of the above are contraindicated
    B. esmolol
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. A 60 year-old man comes into your office and presents with hypertension. He has a history of diabetes, high cholesterol and high triglycerides. He is also currently taking OTC Advil for headaches. Which of the following is the best option for treating his hypertension?

    A. methyldopa
    B. propanolol
    C. furosemide
    D. HCTZ
    E. enalapril
    A. methyldopa
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Why should beta-1 blockers be discontinued gradually?
    to prevent hypertensive crises
  9. What is the most severe, life-threatening side effect of esmolol?

    A. torsades de pointes
    B. Parkinsonian signs
    C. contact dermatitis
    D. impotence
    e. all of the above
    A. torsades de pointes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which of the following antiarrhythmic agents are beta-1, beta-2 and K channel blockers?

    A. labetalol
    B. sotalol
    C. esmolol
    D. clonidine
    B. sotalol
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. A 65 year-old man with hypertension presents to your office. He is currently taking amitriptyline (a tricyclic antidepressant) for depression and is now in need for something to control his hypertension. All of the following are good treatment options for his hypertension EXCEPT:

    A. hydralazine
    B. nifedipine
    C. prazosin
    D. diltiazem
    E. clonidine
    E. clonidine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. A 73 year-old woman with a history of angina and myocardial infarction presents with hypertension. Which of the following would be the best option for treating her HTN?

    A. HCTZ 
    B. hydralazine
    C. pindolol
    D. nifedipine
    A. HCTZ
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. All of the following are a risk for drug-drug interactions with nifedipine, clevidipine and amlodipine EXCEPT:

    A. azoles
    B. digoxin
    C. rifampin
    D. phenytoin
    B. digoxin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Digoxin poses a risk for drug-drug interactions with which of the following?

    A. amlodipine
    B. verapamil
    C. nifedipine
    D. clevidipine
    B. verapamil
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of the following are administered sublingually?

    A. dopamine
    B. prazosin
    C. nitroglycerin
    D. digoxin
    e. none of the above
    C. nitroglycerin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. _____ has a very narrow therapeutic window and if given at high doses can cause sudden cardiac death.

    A. amiloride
    B. hydralazine
    C. diltiazem
    D. digoxin
    D. digoxin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. A 40 year-old man presents to your office with recurrent ventricular tachycardia. He is currently taking warfarin for blood clots, diazepam for anxiety, rifampin for tuberculosis and cimetidine for acid reflux. Which of the following would be the WORST treatment option for his arrhythmia?

    A. amiodarone
    B. procainamide
    C. isoproterenol
    D. verapamil
    A. amiodarone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. All of the following are Ca channel blockers EXCEPT:

    A. amlodipine
    B. nitroglycerin
    C. nifedipine
    D. diltiazem
    E. verapamil
    B. nitroglycerin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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