Anesthesia Monitoring

Card Set Information

Author:
anniles
ID:
183556
Filename:
Anesthesia Monitoring
Updated:
2012-11-15 11:18:45
Tags:
Preanesthetics anesthetics analgesia normal values risk classifications
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Description:
Anesthesia monitoring, important drugs, normal vitals, etc
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  1. What are the signs of dehydration?
    • <5%: not detectable
    • 5-6%: mild loss of skin elasticity
    • 6-8%: definate loss of skin elasticity; possibly dry MM and sunken globes in orbit
    • 8-10%: Persistent skin tent w/ slow return
    • 10-12%: persistent skin tent, depressed globes, dry MM, CRT >2 secs, tachycardia
    • 12-15%: signs of shock, death
  2. What are the normal vital signs of the dog and cat?
    • Body Temp: 100o¬†- 102.5o (dog & cat)
    • HR: 60 - 180 bpm (dog), 120 - 240 bpm (cat)
    • Heart Rhythm: NSR or SA (dog), NSR (cat)
    • RR: 10 - 30 breaths/min or panting (dog), 15 - 30 breaths/min (cat)
  3. Major Effects of Anticholinergics (Parasympatholytics): Atropine & Glycopyrrolate
    • Major Effects:
    • - Prevention of bradycardia
    • - Increased HR
    • - Reduction of respiratory, GI, salivary and lacrimal secretions
    • - Mydriasis
    • - Bronchodilatation
  4. Major Adverse Effects of Anticholinergics (Parasympatholytics): Atropine & Glycopyrrolate
    • Adverse Effects:
    • - Cardiac arrhythmias
    • - Thickening of respiratory & salivary secretions
    • - Ileus
  5. Major Effects of Phenothiazine Tranquilizer/Sedative: Acepromazine
    • - Calming, sedation
    • - Peripheral vasodilatation
    • - Antiarrhythmic effects
    • - Antiemetic effects
  6. Major Adverse Effects of Phenothiazine Trainquilizer/Sedative: Acepromazine
    • - Decrease seizure threshold
    • - Hypotension
    • - Penile prolapse
    • - Decreased PCV
  7. Major Effects of the Benzodiazepine Tranquilizers: Diazepam, Zolazepam & Midazolam
    • Major Effects:
    • - Antianxiety & calming in old or ill patients
    • - Anticonvulsant
    • - Skeletal muscle ralaxations
    • - Appetite stimulant in cat & ruminants
  8. Major Adverse Effects of the Benzodiazepine Tranquilizers: Diazepam, Zolazepam & Midazolam
    • Major Adverse Effects:
    • - Disorientation and excitement in young, healthy dogs
    • - Dysphoria & aggression in cats
    • - Ataxia & recumbancy in large animals
    • - Muscle fasciculations in horses
    • - Pain upon IM injection of Diazepam

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