cat vaccine test

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cat vaccine test
2012-11-17 03:55:20
vaccine protocols disease information

vaccine protocols notes/ vaccine notes and vaccines kind
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  1. What does FVR attack?
    -attacts resporatory epithilial cells, conjunctiva and respiratory tract
  2. what is the other name for FVR?
    feline herpes virus 1
  3. who are more at risk of getting FVR?
    young kittens?
  4. how many days does FVR take to run its course?
    5-10 days
  5. what is the incubation period for FRV?
    3-5 days
  6. how long can FVR live in the enviroment?
    18 hours
  7. what are the ROTs for FVR?
    • Inhalation and swallowing 
    • aireborne aerosol
    • fomites
    • oral nasal and ocular discharge
  8. what are the clinical signs of FVR?
    • sneezing, coughing, serous, purulent and ocular discharge
    • conjunctivitis
    • anorexia
    • pyrexia
    • hyper salvation
  9. how do you diognose FVR?
    • Top 3
    • conjunctival fluid smear under microscope
  10. what is the treatment for FVR?
    • keep nose and eyes clear
    • antibiotics for secondary infection
    • symptomatic
    • 1.v and subq fluids
  11. what is the vaccine protocol for FVR?
    • 8, 12, 16 annual and SubQ
    • core vaccine
  12. what does Calicivirus attack?
    -Upper respatory tract
  13. who is at most risk of contracting Calicivirus?
  14. what is the incubation period?
  15. how long does it take for calicivirus to run its course?
    5-7 days
  16. what are the ROTs of calicivirus?
    • inhalation swallowing
    • fomites
    • aireborne aerosol
    • nasal occular and discharge
  17. what are the clinical signs of calicivirus?
    • similar to FVR
    • except ulceration of the tongue
    • gingivitis
    • lethargy
    • dehydration
    • pyrexia
    • weightloss
  18. how do you dx Calicivirus?
    • top 3
    • ulcers on the tongue and mouth
  19. how do you treat calicivirus?
    • mainly symptomatic
    • iv fluids
    • antibiotics for secondary infection
    • isolation
  20. what part of the body is affected by panleukopenia?
    the small intestine (enteric)
  21. how long can the cat shed panleukopenia?
    6 weeks
  22. how longs panleukopenia viable in the enviroment?
    1 year
  23. what is the incubation period?
    6 days
  24. what are the ROTs for Panleukopenia?
    feces and bodily secretions blood and stuff
  25. what are the clinical signs of Panleukopenia?
    • lethargy
    • pyrexia
    • anorexia
    • unable to drink 
    • vomiting
    • diarrhea
  26. how do you dx panleukopenia?
    • top 3
    • CBC to look for WBC
  27. how do you treat panleukopenia?
    • supportive
    • fluids
    • antibiotics
    • digestion helping drugs
    • keep warm
    • high nutrient food
  28. what is the vaccine protocol for Panleukopenia?
    • core vaccine
    • 8 12 16 weeks annual 
    • subq
  29. what part of the body does chlamydophilia felis affect?
    • whole body disease
    • causes mild upri
    • and local and systemic infections
  30. is chlamydophilia felis zoonotic?
  31. what does chlamydophilia felis cause in humans?
    pink eye
  32. what are the ROTs for chlamydophilia felis?
    • saliva
    • blood urine
    • feces and discharge
  33. How do kittens get chlamydophilia felis during the womb?
    via maternal milk
  34. what are the clinical signs of chlamydophilia felis?
    • sneezing
    • ocular discharge
    • anorexia
    • lethargy
    • infections expressed through urti
  35. what does FeLV stand for?
    feline leukemia virus
  36. what body part does FeLV affect?
    attacks immune system
  37. what percentage of cats destroy the FeLV virus?
  38. what percent of cats are persistantly affected by the FeLV virus?
  39. what percent of cats develop latent infections in FeLV?
  40. where is the FeLV virus held?
    in the bone, waits until immune system is vunerable and causes infections
  41. what are the roots of tansmission for Feline leukemia virus?
    • infected saliva
    • blood
    • feces
    • ocular and nasal discharge
  42. what are the clinical signs of FeLV?
    • immune system decrease
    • anemia
    • cancer
    • chronic infections
    • pyrexia
    • anorexia
  43. how to you dx Chlamydophilia felis?
    • top 3
    • cultured in lab (results take up to a month)
  44. how do you treat chlamydophilia felis?
    • topical and oral antibiotics
    • isolation
    • aseptic handeling techniques
    • symptomatic care
  45. how do you dx feline leukemia virus?
    • top 3
    • snap test to test for anitibodies to the disease
  46. how do you treat Felv?
    • -antibiotics and symptomatic care depending on location of infection
    • -currently no uniformed treatment
  47. whats the vaccine protocol for FeLV?
    • non core lifestyle vaccine
    • given 12 and 16 annual
    • boosters subq or im left flank
  48. what is the vaccine protocol for Chlamydophilia felis?
    • non core vaccine
    • 8-12 
    • annual
    • admin sq 
  49. what does FIV stand for?
    feline immunodeficiency virus
  50. what part of the body does the FIV affect?
    • similar to felv
    • full body
    • immune system
  51. What is the incubation period of FIV?
    4-6 weeks
  52. what human virus is FIV similar too?
  53. what are the ROTs for FIV?
    • infected saliva
    • cat bites
    • fomites
    • in utero or lactogenic
  54. what ae the cls of FIV?
    • same as felv
    • -attacks immune ststem
    • anemia is most common
    • cancer
    • chronic disorders
    • system and digestive tract infections
  55. what are the 3 pre disposed issues with FIV?
    • hemobartonella
    • toxoplasmosis
    • polyarthritis
  56. how do you Dx FIV?
    • top 3
    • blood test sent to lab and snap test
  57. how do you treat FIV?
    • no specific treatment
    • symptomatic care
    • low stress care
  58. what is the vaccine protocol for FIV?
    • non core vaccine 
    • 8-12-16
    • annual
    • sub q
  59. what doe FIP stand for?
    feline infectious peritonitis
  60. what are the two forms FIP?
    wet- disease of the lining of the abdominal or chest cavity in which there is large fluid build up

    dry-disease of various organs such as lymph nodes kidneys eyes and brain
  61. what does the wet form of FIP affect?
    abdominal and chest cavity in which there is a large fluid build up
  62. what does the dry form of FIP affect?
    disease of various organs such as lymph nodes kidneys eyes and brain
  63. what does FIP cause in kittens?
  64. mild enteritis 
  65. what age does FIP mainly affect?
    • 6 months or younger
    • 5 years-10 years
  66. what are the ROTs for FIP?
    • infected oral and respitory secretions
    • feces and urine
    • most common oral nasal tract
    • fomites
  67. how long can FIP survibe in the enviroment?
    several days in dried form
  68. what are the clinical signs of FIP?
    • lethargy
    • ascites
    • pain on palpation of abdomen
    • icterus
    • weight loss
    • dehydration
    • anemia
    • diarrhea
    • respiratory distress
    • pleural effusion
  69. how do you dx FIP?
    • top 3
    • blood test to determin positive or negative infection but will not provide definitive diagnosis
  70. what is the Tx of FIP?
    • prognosis is poor
    • incurable
    • just ease discomfort
  71. what is the vaccine protocol?
    • no vaccine 
    • vaccine concidered ineffective
  72. what two types of rabies are there?
    furious and dumb
  73. what symptoms are there with the furious strain of rabies?
    • exitable
    • agressive
    • bite or chew own limbs
  74. what syptoms are shown with the dumb strain of rabies?
    • depressed
    • will hide
    • paralysis in face and neck
  75. what symptom occurs in both dumb and furious strains of rabies?
  76. what does the rabies virus affect in the body?
  77. what is the incubation period for rabies?
    14 days to months depending on location of bite to brain
  78. what are the ROTs for rabies?
    through infected saliva through bite
  79. what are the clinical signs of rabies?
    furious and dumb signs
  80. how do you Dx rabies?
    send brain to lab in alberta
  81. how do you treat rabies?
    no treatment available
  82. what is the vaccine protocol for rabies?
    • core vaccine
    • 12 weeks 
    • annual 
    • 1 year 
    • 1 year 
    • 3 year
    • admin subq or im into right flank
  83. what are the two types of immunity?
    passive and active
  84. where is rabies given?
    SQ or IM into RT flank
  85. bacteria
    small microorganism but larger than virusinfectioussmall size can be seen under light microscope
  86. virus
    minute infectious microorganismcan only been seen in an electron microscopethey require a living cell to replicatecan be grown in a lab inside human or animal cells
  87. normal flora
    the bacteriain our bodies that do not course us harm, they will only cause illness if in extreme numbers
  88. infection
    when a pathogenic agent infects the body and multiplys inside the bodyresulting in infection.
  89. defence mechanism
    skin, tears, cilla, coughing, sneezing, the mucous developed in the respiratory system also
  90. immune system
    lymph nodes, tonsils, spleen, thymus gland and there products lymphocytes and antibodies.when there is an infection the immune system sends the immue defence to the area and ingests the bacteria or virus.Proteins released during this attract immune cells and cause heat and inflammation
  91. antigen
    foreign substance that enters the body to induce the formstion of antibodies that interact with it.
  92. antibody
    this is a substance developed by the body because of and to interact with an certain antigen.antibodies are present due to previous inffection, vaccine or maternal antibodies in first 6 weeks of life.
  93. immunity
    state of being protected against a disease. meaning the body has the right antibodies to fight off the antigens that have entered the body.
  94. D.O.I
    Duration of immunity
  95. types of immunity
    passive: given to the individual from another indevidiual exp through maternal milkActive: the introduction of an active agent through vaccination
  96. vaccines
    vaccine contains all or part of a infectious agent causing the body to fight it off creating antibodies for that disease if the animal is to contract it in the future.
  97. live virus vaccine (LVV)
    contains live virus and grows multiples inside the animal causing a strong immune response.not used very oftendo not contain adjuvant
  98. modified live virus (MLV) (ML)
    A modified live vaccine contains only those virus or bacterial necessary ot provide immunity.Generally saferContain adjuvant
  99. killed virus (KV)
    using dead virus will still activate an immune responce but not as strong a responce as other two types of vaccines.these vaccines generally contain an adjuvant
  100. what is a normal response post vaccination?
    as a normal response after vaccination:lump at injection siteusually seen in 1-5% of patientsmay also display signs of lethargy and grogginess for 24-36 hours after vaccination.
  101. Allergies-allergic reaction to post vaccine can include?
    breathing difficultys, restlessness, swelling around the eyes, throat or mouth, or vomiting.if this is thought to occur the veterinarian must give the animal an injection of steroid or anti histermine ten to 15 mins before rhe vaccine is administered
  102. titre
    this is a blood test that measures the animals own antibody level against a specific disease
  103. where should a vaccine be administered and where not?
    Always check lable for specific instructionsvaccine should never be given ivnormal is subQ injections between shoulder blades or intrascapularly im injections are normally given in the right or left flank or by lumbar spine some are given i.n (intranasally)
  104. where is FVRCP administered?
    SQ between shoulder blades or RT foreleg
  105. where is feline leukemia given?
    subq or i.m into the Left flank