Pentateuch and Historical Writing

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Pentateuch and Historical Writing
2012-11-14 15:02:16
Pentateuch Historical

Pentateuch and Historical Writing Exam Questions 1-50
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  1. Name the two major parts that the Christian Bible is divided into?
    The Christian Bible is divided into two main parts: the Old Testament and the New Testament.
  2. Define the word Pentateuch.
    The word Pentateuch comes from a Greek term meaning the five penta books.
  3. Name the books that make up the section we call the Pentateuch.
    The Pentateuch includes the first five books of the bible - Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
  4. What does the word Torah mean?
    The Hebrew term Torah means instuction.
  5. In Genesis 37-50, who was jacob's favorite son?
    Joseph was Jacob's favorite son.
  6. In the book of Exodus, how many plagues did God send upon the Egyptians?
    God sent ten plagues upon the Egyptians.
  7. Identify and explain what the last of these plagues was?
    For the last plague, the firstborn in every Egyptian home perished, although the Israelites who put lamb's blood around their doors were spared.
  8. According to the Old Testament, another name for santuary?
    A sanctuary - known as the Tent of Meeting or Tabernacle.
  9. Explain why the sanctuary was built?
    Built so that the people can worship rightly.
  10. Which tribe was Leviticus named for?
    Leviticus is named for the tribe of Levi, which was a priestly tribe.
  11. Explain the Holiness Code found in the book of Leviticus?
    The central idea is that the people of God must be holy since God is holy.  Laws are given concerning sexual relations, loving one's neighbor, festivals, and redemption of property.
  12. Give a reason why the book of Numbers was named such?
    Numbers is named for the census of the Exodus generation taken at Mount Siani and for the census of the generation born in the wildnerness taken on the plains of Moab.
  13. During Israel's escape from Egypt, where did the people encamp?
    The people encamp at an oasis known as Kadesh-Barnea.
  14. What was the first complaint of the people?
    The first complaint of the people was about food.
  15. What was the second complaint of the people in the wildnerness?
    The second complaint of the people in the wilderness was about Moses' ledership.
  16. Who was the first king defeated in the Trans-Jordan?
    The frst king defeated in the Trans-Jordan was King Sihon.
  17. Who was the second king defeated in the Trans-Jordan?
    The second king defeated in the Trans-Jordan was King Og.
  18. Who did God use to bless Israel?
    God uses Balaam to bless Israel.
  19. What sin did Israel commit?
    Israel commits apostasy (rebellion) by worshiping the Baal of Peor.
  20. What does the term Deuteronomy mean?
    The name Deuteuronomy means "second law" and reflects the repetition of the law.
  21. Identify who Koshua was tricked into covenant with?
    Joshua is tricked into making a covenant with the people from Gibeon in central Canaan.
  22. In the book of Judges, Israel's relationship with God followed a certain what?
    Judges 1-2 shows that Israel's relation to God followed a cyclical pattern: (a) the people worship the gods of other nations, (b) God allows other nations to oppress Israel, (c) the people turn to God for help, (d) God raises up a leader to deliver them.
  23. Who was the female Judge mentioned in Judges?
  24. Who did the female Judge (Deborah) fight against?
    Deborah organizes the Israelites to fight against the Canaanites who invaded from the North.
  25. What Judge fought against the Midianites?
    Gideon mounted a surprise attack against the Midianites who have invaded from the east.
  26. Name the Judge that was born in Zorah and was dedicated as a Nazarite?
    Samson, who was a strong man who led raids against the Philistines to the south.

    Note:Samson was to be dedicated as a Nazarite from birth (Judges 13:5).

     Samson was a judge of Israel, famous for his strength displayed against the Philistines. He was born towards the end of the Judges, being the last-named judge prior to Eli and Samuel, who under God's guidance turned Israel from a theocracy to a monarchy. The Philistines had been used by God against Israel because of the nation's evil deeds (Judges 13:1). Whilst Samson's mother is unnamed, his father was Manoah of the tribe of Dan, who resided at Zorah (Judges 13:2). Like a number of other women in the Bible who had notable sons, Samson's mother was barren. When the angel announced to his mother that she was to conceive, he told her that the child was to be a Nazarite. Samson had relations with three women, a Philistine woman (Judges 14:8-18) whom he married; a prostitute of Gaza (Judges 16:1-3); and Delilah of Sorek, with whom he fell in love (Judges 16:4). It was Delilah who finally was able to find the secret for his strength. Samson was bound, blinded (Judges 16:21; cf. 1 Samuel 11:2; 2 Kings 25:7), and set to work like a beast of burden grinding corn. The Philistines let his hair grow again which gave him his strength sufficiently to bring down the temple of Dagon, killing Samson and a great number of the Philistines. He was buried in his father's tomb between Zorah and Eshtaol, having judged Israel 20 years (Judges 16:31).
  27. Who did Samson fight against?
    Samson was a strong man who led raids against the Philistines to the south.
  28. What led to the civil war in Israel?
    An incident of rape and murder lead to a civil war that nearly tribe of Benjamin.
  29. Naomi moved from bethelem to Moab to escape what?
    An Israelite woman named Naomi moves from Bethlehem to Moab east of the Jordan to escape a famine.
  30. Who was Ruth's first husband?
    Ruth's first husband was Mahlon and the second was Boaz.

    During the time of the Judges when there was a famine, an Israelite family from Bethlehem—Elimelech, his wife Naomi, and their sons Mahlon and Chilion—emigrate to the nearby country of Moab. Elimelech dies, and the sons marry two Moabite women: Mahlon marries Ruth and Chilion marries Orpah.The two sons of Naomi then die themselves. Naomi decides to return to Bethlehem. She tells her daughters-in-law to return to their own mothers, and remarry. Orpah reluctantly leaves; however, Ruth says, "Entreat me not to leave you, or to turn back from following you; For wherever you go, I will go; And wherever you lodge, I will lodge; Your people shall be my people, and your God, my God. Where you die, I will die, and there will I be buried. The LORD do so to me, and more also, if anything but death parts you and me." (Ruth 1:16–17 NKJV)The two women return to Bethlehem. It is the time of the barley harvest, and in order to support her mother-in-law and herself, Ruth goes to the fields to glean. The field she goes to belongs to a man named Boaz, who is kind to her because he has heard of her loyalty to her mother-in-law. Ruth tells her mother-in-law of Boaz's kindness, and she gleans in his field through the remainder of the harvest season.Boaz is a close relative of Naomi's husband's family. He is therefore obliged by the Levirate law to marry Mahlon's widow, Ruth, in order to carry on his family line. Naomi sends Ruth to the threshing floor at night and tells her to "uncover the feet" of the sleeping Boaz. Ruth does so; Boaz awakes and asks,"Who are you?" Ruth identifies herself, then asks Boaz to spread his cloak over her. The phrase "spread your cloak" was a woman's way of asking for marriage (Ezekiel 16:8). For a man to spread his cloak over a woman showed acquisition of that woman.[3] Boaz states he is willing to "redeem" Ruth via marriage, but informs Ruth that there is another male relative who has the first right of redemption.The next morning, Boaz discusses the issue with the other male relative, Ploni Almoni ("so-and-so") before the town elders. The other male relative is unwilling to jeopardize the inheritance of his own estate by marrying Ruth, and so relinquishes his right of redemption, thus allowing Boaz to marry Ruth. They transfer the property and redeem it by the nearer kinsman taking off his sandal and handing it over to Boaz. (Ruth 4:7–18)Boaz and Ruth get married and have a son named Obed (who by Levirate customs is also considered a son or heir to Elimelech, and thus Naomi). In the genealogy which concludes the story, it is pointed out that Obed is the father of Jesse, and thus the grandfather of David. This also places Ruth among David's ancestors.
  31. Who was anointed King instead of Saul?
    Samuel annointed Saul to be the first king over Israel.  After Saul proved to be unfaithful, Sauel annointed young David to be king.
  32. Under whose leadership did Jerusalem become the center for worship?
  33. Who did David commit adultey with?
    David enlarges his political boundaries by conquest, and he violates moral boundaries by committing adultry with Bathesheba and having her husband killed.
  34. Why was David's on Absalom killed?
    Absalom rebelled against his father, King David, and tried tosteal the kingdom from him. 2Sam13-20 (story of Absalom) David's son Absalom had followers proclaim him king, then drove his father David from Jerusalem.

    Note: Absalom, David’s son, killed his halfbrotherAmmon who had defiled his sisterTamar. Because of this, Absalom fled fromJerusalem to Syria and stayed there forthree years. David was concerned abouthis son and mourned for him daily.Joab, David’s commander-in-chief,devised a clever scheme to get David topermit Absalom to return to Jerusalem inpeace. David agreed with Joab’s requestand Absalom returned to Jerusalem, buthe did not see David for two more years.We learn that Absalom was a verygood-looking man with an abundantamount of hair. He was considered themost handsome man in all of the land ofIsrael by many. At the end of each year,Absalom cut his hair because it becametoo heavy for him. His hair weighed aboutfive pounds.Finally Absalom desired to see hisfather. When David heard this, he wasvery happy and called Absalom to him.King David was so happy that he kissed hisson.Absalom wanted David’s throneand he tried to steal it by getting thepeople to rebel against the king. Absalomwould sit outside the city gates andinterfere with any business intended for theking. Absalom promised justice if he weremade king. He eventually gained a largeenough following to lead against the kingin order to take over the throne. David and his army fled Jerusalemso that he could spare thecity from as much war anddestruction as possible.David wept as he and hismen climbed the Mount ofOlives in escape. As Davidcontinued to confess hisfaith in God, Absalom tookcontrol of Jerusalem.While David and hismen wandered, theyprepared themselves forbattle against Absalom’sarmy. David stayed behindas his men headed intobattle. David told hisgenerals to deal gently with his son.David’s army defeated Absalom’s armyand caused Absalom toflee on his mule. AsAbsalom passed under atree, his head got caughtamong the branches,causing him to hang fromthe tree. When Joabapproached Absalom, “hetook three spears in hishand and thrust themthrough Absalom’s heart,while he was still alive inthe midst of the terebinthtree.” II Sam. 18:14.When David foundout that his son was dead,he wept and said, “O myson Absalom-my son, myson Absalom-if only I had died in yourplace! O Absalom my son, my son!” II Sam.18:33
  35. Who followed David to the throne after his death?
  36. Once the united kingdom of Israel divided, who reigned as the first King of the north?
    Jeroboam reigned as the first king of the north.
  37. What is another name for the southern kingdom?
    Another name for the southern kingdom is Judah.
  38. In which Historical book will you find a listing of genealogies?
    1Chronicles1-9 consist of genealogies.
  39. What led to the fall of Jerusalem?
    Unfaithfulness led to the fall of Jerusalem and the Babylonian exile.
  40. Who specifically gave Nehemiah permission to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem?
    Nehemiah gained permission from the Persians to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem.
  41. Who was the King of Persia at the time of Haman?
    King Ahausuerus/King Xerxes was the King of Persia at the time of Haman.
  42. What Jewess woman did the King of Persia marry after his former wife refused to obey him?
    Queen Esther.
  43. What was the name of King Ahausuerus' first wife?
    King Ahausuerus/King Xerxes first wife was Queen Vashti.
  44. What does the Purim festival commemorate?
    The right of self-defense for the Jews.
  45. Who joined Nehemiah in shaping the Jewish way of life, according to Nehemiah 8-13?
    Nehemiah 8-13 relates to how Ezra & Nehemia shape the jewish way of life.
  46. Which Persian king allowed Jews to return to Jerusalem?
    King Cyrus of Persia allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem.
  47. What was the Queen of Sheba impressed with?
    The Queen of Sheba was impressed with Solomon's wealth and grandeur.
  48. In 2Kings1-5, who was King Hezekiah delivered from?
    King Hezekiah reforms Israel's worship and is delivered from a seige by the Assyrians.

    Note: The story of the Assyrian siege is told in the Old Testament books of Isaiah, Chronicles and Second Kings. As the Assyrians began their invasion, Hezekiah began preparations to protect Jerusalem. In an effort to deprive the Assyrians of water, springs outside the city were blocked. Workers then dug a 533-meter tunnel to the Spring of Gihon, providing the city with fresh water. Additional siege preparations included fortification of the existing walls, construction of towers, and the erection of a new, reinforcing wall. Hezekiah gathered the citizens in the square and encouraged them by reminding them that the Assyrians possessed only "an arm of flesh", but the Judeans had the protection of Yahweh.According to Second Kings 18, while Sennacherib was besieging Lachish, he received a message from Hezekiah offering to pay tribute in exchange for Assyrian withdrawal. According to the Old Testament, Hezekiah paid three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold to Assyria — a price so heavy that he was forced to empty the temple and royal treasury of silver and strip the gold from the doorposts of Solomon's temple. Nevertheless, Sennacherib marched on Jerusalem with a large army. When the Assyrian force arrived, its field commander brought a message from Sennacherib himself. In an attempt to demoralize the Judeans, the field commander announced to the people on the city walls that Hezekiah was deceiving them, and Yahweh could not deliver Jerusalem from the king of Assyria. He listed the gods of the people thus far swept away by Sennacherib then asked, "Who of all the gods of these countries has been able to save his land from me?"During the siege, Hezekiah clad himself in sackcloth out of anguish from the psychological warfare that the Assyrians were waging. However, the prophet Isaiah assured Hezekiah that the city would be delivered and Sennacherib would be cut down with the sword. The Hebrew Bible states that during the night, an angel of Yahweh brought death to 185,000 Assyrians troops. When Sennacherib saw the destruction wreaked on his army, he withdrew to Nineveh. Jerusalem was spared destruction.
  49. In 2Kings1-13, which prophet is celebrated and said to have swept into heaven in a whirlwind?
    Elisha accompanies Elijah to the Jordan River, where Elijah is swept into heaven in a whirlwind.
  50. In Genesis, chapters 12-25, why was Abraham instructed to sacrifice his son Issaac?
    God tested Abraham's trust in Him.

    Note:  It conveys the nature and extent of Abraham’s commitment to his God by demonstrating the ways in which God gives dramatic rewards for absolute faith and obedience. At God’s command, Abraham leaves his home to roam in a strange land; God’s reward is to cause Abraham to discover great wealth. Sarah, barren her entire life, gives birth to a son at the age of ninety, an event so unlikely that she laughs when she is told that it will occur. And finally, Abraham receives God’s greatest praise when he obediently stands poised to kill the very son through whom God has promised to fulfill his covenant. These moments depict absolute faith in God, despite the fact that his demands may seem illogical or unreasonable. What God consistently rewards is the abandonment of human reason and free will in favor of actions whose purpose is unknown or unknowable. As a result, these stories establish a version of God who knows what is best for mankind, but who reveals his purposes only selectively.