Ch 14, 15 Nervous system, Review sheet questions

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toribloom
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Ch 14, 15 Nervous system, Review sheet questions
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2012-11-19 21:16:56
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  1. The _____ are 3 connective tissue membranes that lie external to the CNS.
    ventricles
    meninges
    sulcus
    meninges
  2. The 3 meninges are the ____ mater, ____ mater and the ___ mater.
    dura, arachnoid, pia
  3. The ____ mater is leathery, strong, composed of 2 layers, periosteal layer and inner meingeal layer, which separate in areas to forms the dural sinuses.
    pia
    arachnoid
    dura
    dura
  4. The ________ mater is the middle meninx, loose brain covering, has villi tha protrude superiorly and permit CSF to be re-absorbed into venous blood.
    pia
    arachnoid
    dura
    arachnoid
  5. The ___ mater is delicate and clings tightly to the brain.
    pia
    arachnoid
    dura
    pia
  6. The meninges are made of what tissue?
    smooth muscle tissue
    connective tissue
    connective tissue
  7. The ____ of the brain nurish and protect.
    sulcus
    gyri
    ventricles
    ventricles
  8. Name the structures:
  9. The ______ ventricles are paired C-shaped.
    lateral
    third
    fourth
    lateral
  10. The _____ _____ connects the third and fourth ventricle.
    cerebral aqueduct
  11. the ___ ventricle is found in the diencephalons.
    third
    fourth
    lateral
    third
  12. The ____ ventricle is found in the hindbrain dorsal to the pons.
    third
    fourth
    fourth
  13. Pathway of Circulation
    lateral entricles> interventricular foramina> third ventricle> cerebral aqueduct> fourth ventricle>central canal & pores of the 4th ventricle> subarachnoid space on brain & spinal cord surface> CSF is reabsorbed by arachnoid villi>CSF mixes with the blood in the superior sagittal sinus.
  14. _____ forms a liquid cushion that gives buoyancy to the CNS organs, and nourishes the brain and carries chemical signals.
    CSF
  15. the CSF is produced in the ______ _____.
    Choroid plexus
    medulla oblongata
    hypothalamus
    choroid plexus
  16. Where is the CSF reabsorbed?
    by arachnoid villi into the venus blood
  17. Name the 5 lobes of the cerebrum.
    • frontal
    • parietal
    • temporal
    • occipital
    • insula
  18. Name the 3 sulci of the Cerebrum.
    • deep
    • central
    • lateral
  19. the _______ and ________ gyri border the central sulcus.
    • precentral
    • postcentral
  20. The parasympathetic/sympathetic division has short presynapse, short ganglion, and long post ganglion.
    sympathetic
  21. The parasympathetic/sympathetic division has long preganglion, and short post ganglion (imbedded in muscle).
    parasympathetic
  22. Does the Parasympathetic or sympathetic division includeinclude the cranial sacral nerves(s2-s4)?
    parasympathetic
  23. The _____ is the E system that controls alertness, heart rate, bp, blood flow, etc.

    sympathetic
    parasympathetic
    sympathetic
  24. The __________ is the D system that controls restion, digestion and waste elimination.

    parasympathetic
    sympathetic
    parasympathetic
  25. The thalamus, hypothalamus, and epithalamus are all part of the __________.
    cerebrum
    diencephalon
    cerebral cortex
    diencephalon
  26. The nerves that control taste are?
    7,9,10
  27. Nerves that control the external eye muscles are?
    3,4,6
  28. What nerve is nicknamed the wanderer and is the most important nerve?
    vagus
  29. The nerves that are controlled by the parasymathetic response are?
    3,7,9,10
  30. Which means "toward the nose"?
    caudal
    rostral
    rostral
  31. Which means "toward the tail"?
    caudal
    rostral
    caudal
  32. The ____ is  a double layer of meninges in the fissors of the brain.
    falx
    malx
    talx
    falx
  33. The ____ lobes control motor function.
    frontal
    parietal
    occipital
    frontal
  34. The premotor contrex is located just anterior to the _____ _____.

    wernicke area
    precentral gyrus
    broca's area
    precentral gyrus
  35. The primary motor cortex is located in the ______ gyrus.
    precentral
    postcentral
    precentral 
  36. The _____ ____ is the seat of judgement, control of emotions.
    prefrontal cortex
    central sulcus
    medula oblongata
    prefrontal cortex
  37. The _____ _____ is the outgoing motor tracts.
    lateral sulcus
    central sulcus
    deep sulcus
    Central sulcus
  38. The _____ ______ is a horizontal dural fold between the cerebellum and cerebrum.
    choroid plexus
    tentorium cerebelli
    Wernicke area
    Tentorium cerebelli
  39. The ____ _____ connects the cerebral hemispheres inferiorly.

    basale ganglion
    corpus collosum
    choroid plexus
    corpus collosum
  40. The corticospinal tract is the ascending/descending motor tract?
    descending
  41. The corticospinal tract "crosses over" or decussates in the _____ _____.
    premotor cortex
    medulla oblongata
    cerebral cortex
    medulla oblongata
  42. The ____ lobe is where the postcentral gyrus is located and is involved with sensory input.

    occipital
    temporal
    parietal
    parietal
  43. The _____ _____ is the gray matter of the brain, involved in motor control.

    Basal Ganglion
    reticular formation
    Broca's area
    basal ganglion (nuclei)
  44. Which neurotransmitter is involved with the basale ganglion?
    seratonin
    dopamine
    melatonin
    dopamine
  45. Parkinson and Huntingtons diseases are caused by lesions of the _____  ______.
    wernicke area
    basale ganglion 
    corpus collosum
    basale ganglion (nuclei)
  46. The _____ _____ "wakes up the brain".
    corpus collosum
    reticular formation
    cerebral cortex
    reticular formation (reticular activation system)
  47. The ______ stores long term memories.

    hypocampus
    thalamus
    amygdala
    hypocampus
  48. The _____ is the fear center.
    hypocampus
    amygdala
    thalamus
    amygdala
  49. The ____ _____ is for acting out emotions with gestures.

    singular gyrus
    cerebral cortex
    arbor vitea
    singular gyrus
  50. Cranial nerves 1, 2 and 3 are for?
    iris dialation (Oculomotor)
    sense of smell (olfactory)
    vision (optic)
    • 1- vision
    • 2- smell
    • 3- Iris dialation
  51. Cranial nerves 4,5 and 6?
    Mastication (trigeminal)
    directs eyeball (trochlear)
    eye muscles (abdcuens)
    • directs eyeball
    • mastication
    • eye muscles
  52. Cranial nerves 7,8 and 9?
    tongue, swallow, taste (glossopharyngeal)
    facial expression (Facial)
    Balance, hearing (estibulocochlear)
    • Facial expression
    • balance, hearing
    • tongue, swallow, taste
  53. Crainial nerves 10,11 and 12?
    tongue, speech, swallow (hypoglossal)
    Head, neck, throat (accessory)
    Wanderer, most important (vagus)
    • wanderer
    • head, neck, thoat
    • tongue, speech, swallow
  54. The cerebellar white matter that coordinates motor activity is called the _____  _____.

    pyramidal cells
    arbor vitae
    singular gyrus
    arbor vitae
  55. The links of the cerebrum through the medulla, pons, and midbrain are called cerebellar _____.
    peduncles
    tracts
    filters
    peduncles- 3 "feet" brain to stem
  56. Name the four plexus.
    • cervical
    • bracial
    • lumbar
    • sacral
  57. The neurotransmitter of the post ganglion of the sympathetic nervous system is ________. 
    norepinephrine
    aCh
    norepinephrine
  58. The autonomic motor tract is 1 or 2 neurons long?
    2

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