MNT Quiz5c

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bkheath
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183700
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MNT Quiz5c
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2012-11-14 18:48:46
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MNT Quiz5c
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MNT Quiz5c
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  1. Branch of medicine specializing in all aspects of anesthesia, including for surgical procedures, resuscitation measures, and the management of acute and chronic pain.
    anesthesiology
  2. Sensations, such as seeing colors or smelling an unusual odor, that occur just prior to an epileptic seizure.
    aura
  3. Abnormal deep sleep or stupor resulting from an illness or injury.
    coma
  4.  Condition of being awake and aware of surroundings.
    conscious
  5. Severe involuntary muscle contractions and relaxations. These have a variety of causes, such as epilepsy, fever, and toxic conditions.
    convulsions
  6.  State of mental confusion with a lack of orientation to time and place; confusion, disorientation, agitation
    delirium
  7. Progressive impairment of intellectual function that interferes with performing the activities of daily living. Patients have little awareness of their condition. Found in disorders such as Alzheimer's.
    dementia
  8. A localized epileptic seizure often affecting one limb.
    focal seizure
  9. Weakness or loss of motion on one side of the body.
    hemiparesis
  10.  Paralysis on only one side of the body.
    hemiplegia
  11. Temporary or permanent loss of the ability to control movement.
    palsy
  12.  Temporary or permanent loss of function or voluntary movement.
    paralysis
  13. Paralysis of the lower portion of the body and both legs.
    paraplegia
  14.  An abnormal sensation such as burning or tingling.
    paresthesia
  15. fainting
    syncope
  16.  Involuntary quivering movement of a part of the body.
    Involuntary repetitive alternating mvmnt of a part of the body.
    tremor
  17. Condition or state of being unaware of surroundings. with the inability to respond to stimuli.
    unconscious
  18.  Type of epileptic seizure that lasts only a few seconds to half a minute, characterized by a loss of awareness and an absence of activity. It is also called a petit mal seizure.
    absence seizure
  19.  Chronic, organic mental disorder consisting f dementia that is more prevalent in adults between 40 and 60. Involves progressive disorientation, apathy, speech and gait disturbances, and loss of memory.
    alzheimer's disease
  20. Tumor of the brain or spinal cord that is composed of ___, one of the types of neuroglial cells
    astrocytes,  astrocytoma
  21.  Intracranial mass, either benign or malignant
    brain tumor
  22.  Localized abnormal dilatation of a blood vessel, usually an artery; the result of a congenital defect or weakness in the wall of the vessel; a ruptured aneurysm is a common cause for a hemorrhagic CVA.
    cerebral aneurysm
  23. Bruising of the brain from a blow or impact; symptoms last longer than 24 hours and include unconsciousness, dizziness, vomiting, unequal pupil size, and shock.
    cerebral contusion
  24. A group of disabilities caused by injury to the brain either before or during birth or very early in infancy. This is the most common permanent disability in childhood.
    cerebral palsy
  25.  The development of an infarct due to loss in the blood supply to an area of the brain. Blood flow can interrupted by a ruptured blood vessel (hemorrhage), a floating clot (embolus), a stationary clot (thrombosis), or compression. The extent of damage depends on the size and location of the infarct and often includes speech problems and muscles paralysis.
    cerebrovascular accident (CVA) aka stroke
  26.  Injury to the brain that results from a blow or impact from an object. Can result in unconsciousness, dizziness, vomiting, unequal pupil size, and shock. Symptoms last 24 hrs or less
    concussion
  27. Recurrent disorder of the brain in which convulsive seizures and loss of consciousness occur.
    epilepsy
  28. Accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the ventricles of the brain, causing the head to be enlarged. It is treated by creating an artificial shunt for the fluid to leave the brain. If left untreated, may lead to seizures and mental retardation.
    hydrocephalus
  29. A specific type of headache characterized by severe head pain, photophobia, vertigo, and nausea.
    migraine
  30. Chronic disorder of the nervous system with fine tremors, muscular weakness, rigidity, and a shuffling gait.
    Parkinson's disease
  31. A brain inflammation that occurs in children following a viral infection, usually the flu or chickenpox. It is characterized by vomiting and lethargy and may lead to coma and death.
    Reye syndrome
  32.  Type of severe epileptic seizure characterized by a loss of consciousness and convulsions. The seizure alternates between strong continuous muscle spasms (tonic) and rhythmic muscle contraction and relaxation (clonic).
    • tonic-clonic seizure
    • aka grand mal seizure
  33.   Temporary interference with blood supply to the brain, causing neurological symptoms such as dizziness, numbness, and hemiparesis. May lead eventually to a full-blown stoke (CVA).
    • transient ischemic attack (TIA)
    • aka mini stroke
  34. Disease with muscular weakness and atrophy due to degeneration of motor neurons of the spinal cord. Also called Lou Gehrig's disease, after the New York Yankees' baseball player who died from the disease.
    amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  35. Congenital hernia in which the meninges, or membranes, protrude through an opening in the spinal column or brain.
    • meningocele
    • (aka spina bifida)
  36. A hernia composed of meninges and spinal cord. Congenital condition in which the meninges and spinal cord protrude through an opening in the vertebral column.
    myelomeningocele
  37. Acute viral disease that causes an inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord, resulting in paralysis in some cases. Has been brought under almost total control through vaccinations.
    poliomyelitis
  38. Bruising or severing of the spinal cord from a blow to the vertebral column resulting in muscle paralysis and sensory impairment below the injury level.
    spinal cord injury
  39. One-sided facial paralysis with an unknown cause. The person cannot control salivation, tearing of the eyes, or expression. The patient will eventually recover.
    Bell's palsy
  40.  Disease of the nervous system in which nerves lose their myelin covering; may be caused by an autoimmune reaction; characterized by loss of sensation and/or muscle control in the arms and legs; symptoms then move toward the trunk and may even result in paralysis of the diaphragm.
    Guillain-Barre syndrome
  41.  Inflammatory disease of the central nervous system. Rare in children. Generally strikes adults between the ages of 20 and 40. There is progressive weakness and numbness.
    multiple sclerosis
  42. Disorder causing loss of muscle strength and paralysis. This is an autoimmune disease. Disease with severe muscular weakness and fatigue due to insufficient neurotransmitter at a synapse.
    myasthenia gravia
  43. Eruption of vesicles along a nerve, causing a rash and pain. Caused by the same virus as chickenpox.
    shingles
  44. Mass of blood in the space outside the dura mater of the brain and spinal cord.
    epidural hematoma
  45. Mass of blood forming beneath the dura mater of the brain. Mass of blood forming beneath the dura mater if the meninges are torn by trauma. May exert fatal pressure on the brain if the hematoma is not drained by surgery.
    subdural hematoma

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