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The Army __________ __________ is time-tested and is based on the ________, _________, _________, and _________ targeting methodology; performed by the commander and staff in planning and executing targeting.
- targeting methodology
- Decide, Detect, Deliver, and Assess (D3A)
What is a Target?
An entity or object considered for possible engagement or other action.
What is Targeting?
Targeting is the process of selecting and prioritizing targets and matching the appropriate response to them, considering operational requirements and capabilities.
How does a successful targeting structure enables the commander to visualize intelligence, maneuver, fire support, non-lethal systems, and SOF within his decision cycle.
By synchronizing intelligence and operations in time/space to achieve the desired effect and meet the commander’s intent.
What are the four targeting principles?
- 1.achieving the commander’s objectives
- 2.specific desired effects through lethal and nonlethal actions
- 3.command function that requires the participation of many disciplines
- 4.achieve effects through lethal and nonlethal actions in a systematic manner
What does it mean to achieve effects through lethal and nonlethal actions in a systematic manner?
What are the 11 doctrinal effects? (D7NISE)
What are the 2 Targeting Categories?
What is a Deliberate Target?
Planned targets which consist of: Scheduled and On-Call
What is a Dynamic Target?
Targets of opportunity which are unanticipated and unplanned
What are the two types of concurrent plannings?
What is the most important funtion of the D3A?
When we refer to “fire support planning” what exactly are we discussing?
The Fires War fighting Function, to include non-lethal fires
What does the D3A methodology facilitate?
the attack of the right target, with the right asset, at the right time
What products do you develop during the DECIDE function of D3A?
What are the 3 types of analysis we utilize during the DECIDE function and what does each one create?
What is a Target Selection Standard (TSS)?
criteria applied to enemy activity and used in deciding whether the activity is a target
What is an Attack Guidance Matrix?
A matrix which addresses which targets will be attacked, how, when, and the desired effects
When initiating the ‘Decide’ function, what does the TVA rely heavily on?
Detailed IPB (HVTs)
The detect process determines what 3 requirements for collection systems?
accurate, identifiable, and timely
Target attack requires several decisions, these decisions fall into two categories, what are they?
tactical and technical
There are three elements of Combat Assessments, what are they?
- 1.Battle Damage Assessment
- 2.Munitions Effects Assessment
- 3.Re-attack Recommendations
What are the 3 components of BDA?
- Physical Damage
- Functional Damage
- Target System Assessment
What is Measures of Performance (MOP)?
Are we doing things right
What is Measures of Effectiveness (MOE)?
Are we doing the right things
Explain the difference between Vetting and Validating target nominations?
Vetting - assesses the accuracy of the supporting intelligence to targeting; Validating - meets the objectives and criteria outlined in the commander’s guidance and ensures compliance with the law of war and rules of engagement
The ________ function of the targeting process executes the target attack guidance and supports the commander's battle plan (priorities) once the HPT has been located and identified.