Functions for nervous exam

Card Set Information

Author:
bamerb07
ID:
183712
Filename:
Functions for nervous exam
Updated:
2012-11-15 22:03:33
Tags:
Nervous exam
Folders:

Description:
Nervous exam
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user bamerb07 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Astrocytes
    • Physical support
    • Form blood brain barrier
  2. Ependymal cells
    • Line ventricles and central canal
    • In ventricles, they cover choroid plexus to help filter the blood to make csf
    • In spinal cord, they circulate the csf in central canal
  3. Satellite cells
    • Surrounding cell bodies in ganglia
    • Regulate exchange of nutrients and wastes 
  4. Schwann cells
    • Contributes to myelination of certain axons in pns
    • Myelin sheath ismultiple layers of neurolemma
    • Allows axon regeneration 
  5. Epidural space 
    Areolar and adipose ct
  6. Subdural space
    Potential tiny space
  7. Subarachnoid space
    Csf
  8. Dura mater
    WFCT 
  9. Arachnoid
    Collagen and elastic fibers-delicate web
  10. Pia mater
    Areolar ct. Stuck on to spinal cord
  11. Dent inculcate ligaments
    Extensions of pia mater that anchor to dura mater
  12. Conus medullaris
    Cord ends and filum terminale begins
  13. Cauda equinamedullaris arid
    Collection of spinalnerve roots inferior to conus medullaris
  14. Telencephalon
    • "tell Claire to lick vaginas"
    • cerebrum lateral ventricles
  15. Diencephalon
    • "dicks dive into thirsty vaginas"
    • Diencephalon third ventricle
  16. Mesencephalon 
    • "messy men crave attention"
    • Midbrain cerebral aqueduct
  17. Metencephalon
    • "men pay cash for vaginas"
    • Pons, cerebellum, fourth ventricle
  18. Myencephalon
    • "my mom offers family values"
    • Medulla oblongata, fourth ventricle
  19. Frontal lobe
    Intellect, personality, social smarts, inhibitions,conscious control of skeletal muscle (precentral gyrus)
  20. Precentral gyrus
    Conscious control of skeletal muscle
  21. Parietal lobe
    • Integrate general sensory info
    • Postcentral gyrus is the primary somatosensory cortex
    • Understanding language
  22. Postcentral gyrus
    Primart somatosensory cortex
  23. Temporal lobes
    • Interpret both auditory and olfactory info
    • Houses many structures of the limbic system
  24. Occipital lobes
    Interpret visual info
  25. Insula
    Interprets taste
  26. Gray matter of cerebrum
    Caudate, lentiform (putamen and globus pallidus) 
  27. Caudate
    • Form lateral walls of lateral ventricles
    • Automatic limb movement for walking
  28. Putamen
    Works with caudate for automatic limb movement when walking 
  29. Globus pallidus
    Works with red nuclei-muscle tone and posture 
  30. Hippocampus
    Encode and retrieve long term memory 
  31. Amygdala
    Perceive fear, help encode long term memory related to emotion 
  32. Parts to diencephalon
    Epithalamus, thalamus and hypothalamus
  33. Epithalamus
    • Posterior side, small
    • Pineal gland
  34. Pineal gland
    Secretes melatonin
  35. Thalamus
    • Sensory relay station 
    • All senses except smell
    • Sends info to cerebral cortex
  36. Hypothalamus contains...?
    • Mammillary bodies 
    • Pituitary
    • Infundibulum 
  37. mammillary bodies
    Sensory relay station for smell
  38. Hypothalamus 
    • Links nervous and endocrine systems
    • Controlls pituitary gland connected by infundibulum 
    • Controls ANS
    • Homeostatic control center-temp, thirst and hunger, satiety
    • Regulates emotional behavior-rage, pleasure, sex drive 
  39. Midbrain contains...?
    • Cerebral peduncle 
    • Corpora quadrigemina
    • Red nuclei
    • Substantia Nigra 
  40. Cerebral peduncles
    Continuation of somatic motor tracts
  41. Corpora quadrigemina
    • Perform integration for reflexes to control neck and eye muscles
    • Superior colliculi-respond to visual info
    • Inferior colliculi-respond to auditory stimulus 
  42. Red nuclei
    Muscle tone and posture
  43. Substantia Nigeria
    • Secretes dopamine
    • Inititates movement and inhibits skeletal muscle movement 
  44. Pons
    • Vertical and horizontal tracts
    • Respiratory control center 
  45. Vertical tracts of pons 
    Continuation of somatic motor and general sensory info
  46. Horizontal tracts of pons 
    • Middle cerebellar peduncles-info from cerebrum to cerebellum
    • Inferior cerebellar peduncles-proprioceptive info to cerebellum
    • Superior cerebellar peduncles-info from cerebellum to cerebrum
  47. Vermis
    Connects left and right hemispheres of cerebellum
  48. Folia
    Increase surface area of cerebellar cortex
  49. Arbor vitae
    Branched white matter
  50. Cerebellum
    • Smooths and coordinates skeletal muscle movements
    • Subconscious control of skeletal muscle
    • Maintain balance-impaired by alcohol
  51. Medulla oblongata contains...?
    • Olives
    • Pyramids

    Continuation of general sensory tracts
  52. Olives 
    Relay proprioceptive info to cerebellum
  53. Pyramids
    • Somatic motor tracts
    • Decussation 
  54. Medulla oblongata
    • Cardiovascular control center
    • Respiratory control center 
    • Various reflexes-sneeze, cough, vomit
  55. Cervical plexus
    Phrenic nerve
  56. Brachial plexus
    Radial, median, ulnar nerve
  57. Lumbar plexus
    Femoral nerve
  58. Sacral plexus
    • Sciatic nerve
    • -tibial nerve and common fibular nerve
  59. Cranial nerve 1
    • Olfactory 
    • Olfaction/taste
  60. Cranial nerve 2
    • Optic
    • Vision
  61. Cranial nerve 3
    • Oculomotor
    • Sns-eye muscle control
    • Para-constrict pupil
  62. Cn 4
    • Trochlear
    • Eye muscle control
  63. Cn 5
    • Trigeminal
    • Opthalamic-touch, pain, pressure
    • Maxillary-same
    • Mandibular-same 
  64. Cn 6
    • Abducens
    • Eye muscle control
  65. Cn 7
    • Facial
    • Sns-facial expression
    • Parasympathetic-lacrimal and salivary secretion
    • Sensory taste 
  66. Cn 8
    • Vestibulo-cochlear
    • Vestibular-equlibrium
    • Cochlear-hearing
  67. Cn 9
    • Glossopharyngeal
    • Sns motor-swallowing
    • Para-salivation
    • Sensory-taste
  68. Cn 10
    • Vagus
    • Sns motor-swallowing and speech
    • Para-control of heart, smooth muscle of airways and gi tract
    • -recurrent laryngeal
    • Sns motor-speech
  69. Cn 11
    • Accessory
    • Sns motor-swallowipave overt of head and neck
  70. Cn 12
    • Hypoglossal
    • Sns motor-tongue. Swallowing and speech 
  71. Phrenic
    Diaphragm 
  72. Radial
    Posterior muscles of arm-triceps brachii, brachioradialis 
  73. Median nerve
    Anterior forearm flexors-palmar is longus, flexor Capri radialis
  74. Ulnar nerve
    Anterior forearm flexors-flexor Capri ulnaris
  75. Femoral nerve
    Muscles of ant thigh-quads , sartorius
  76. Saphenous nerve
    Skin of medial thigh
  77. Sciatic nerve
    • Branches into 
    • Tibial-posterior muscles of thigh-hamstrings
    • Common fibular-anterior and lateral muscles-tibiasis anterior

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview