Biology chapters 8 and 9 part 1

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Anonymous
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183719
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Biology chapters 8 and 9 part 1
Updated:
2012-11-14 20:30:18
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Biology part
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Review flash cards for Biology chapters 8 and 9 part 1
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  1. Fats contain ___ energy then an equal amout of carbohydrates.
    more
  2. The carbohydrate known as cellulose ___ be digested in the human digestive system.
    cannot
  3. the "building blocks" of proteins
    amino acids
  4. the tube that connects the pharynx to the stomach
    esophogus
  5. bile is stored in the gallblader but produced by ____
    liver
  6. an open sore in the stomach lining
    ulcer
  7. catalysts made by living cells
    enzymes
  8. the divition of the nervous system that includes the cranial and spinal nerves
    central nervous system
  9. the long fiber of a neuron that transmits signals from the cell body to other nerve cells
    axon
  10. fibers of a neuron that carry information toward the cell body
    dendrites
  11. neurons that relay messages between other neurons
    interneurons
  12. nerve fibers that have a myelin covering make up ____
    white matter
  13. the protective layers of tissue that surround the brain and spinal cord
    meninges
  14. the part of the brain that functions primarily to coordinate skeletal muscle activity
    cerebellum
  15. the part of the brain primarily responsible for thought, memory, voluntary actions, thinking, and intelligence
    cerebrum
  16. the lowest part of the brain stem, which controls breathing and heartbeat
    medulla oblongata
  17. a disease of the spinal cord caused by a virus taht destroys motor neurons
    poliomyelitis
  18. taste and smell
    chemical sences
  19. the sensory structures within the ear that contribute to balance
    semicircular canals
  20. the nerve that carries sound impulses from the inner ear to the brain
    auditory nerve
  21. defective vision caused by an asymmetrically curved cornea
    astigmatism
  22. structures that produce tears
    lacrimal glands
  23. tough, white, outer layer of the eyeball
    sclera
  24. opening in the iris that allows light to enter the eye
    pupil
  25. transparent front portion of the eye
    cornea
  26. the inner layer of the eye that detects light and produces nerve impulses
    optic nerve
  27. cells of the eye that are responsible for color vision
    cones
  28. cells of the eye that are extremely sensitive to dim light
    rods
  29. region of the light-sensitive layer of the eye that produces the clearest vision
    fovea

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