Biology Chapter 8 and 9 part 2

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Anonymous
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183725
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Biology Chapter 8 and 9 part 2
Updated:
2012-11-14 20:56:42
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biology chapter part
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biology
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  1. the foods that are the main source of energy for doing things
    carbohydrates
  2. 60% of your total calorie intake
    carbohydrates
  3. an example of a water-soluble vitamin
    vitamin c
  4. the special phosphorus compound that serves as the energy carrier of a cell
    ATP
  5. catalysts made by living cells
    enzymes
  6. starches and sugars are examples of
    carbohydrates
  7. generally the best way to loose weight
    reduce food intake to 1500-1800 Calories per day, eat a diet high in carbohydrates, and exercise regularly and vigorously
  8. the primary organ of digestion and absorption
    small intestine
  9. the four front teeth which cut food
    incisors
  10. the hollow area of a tooth that contains nerves and blood vessles
    pulp
  11. the small flap of cartilage that keeps food out of the windpipe
    epiglottis
  12. food is moved through the digestive tract by rhythmic waves of muscular contractions
    peristalsis
  13. acid in the stomach that kills bacteria and helps soften foods
    hydrochloric acid
  14. divisions of the small intestine
    • duodenum
    • jejunum
    • ileum
  15. fats that are liquid at room temperature
    oils
  16. the process of breaking a droplet of fat into smaller droplets
    emulsification
  17. neurons that carry information from the brain and spinal cord to the body parts
    message
  18. divition of the nervous system that contains the brain and the spinal cord
    central nervous system
  19. the junction between the axon of one nerve cell and the dendrite of another nerve cell
    synapse
  20. the snail-shaped structure of the inner ear that senses sound vibrations and generates nerve impulses
    cochlea
  21. tiny projections of the wall of the small intestine that help it absorb food
    villi
  22. technical name for cavities
    dental caries
  23. the hardest substance in the body
    enamel
  24. the other name for the digestive tract
    gastrointestinal

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