Card Set Information

2012-11-16 22:10:52

A&P I Tissues
Show Answers:

  1. Four types of tissues
    • Epithelial
    • Connective
    • Muscle
    • Nerve
  2. Simple Tissues
    Single layer
  3. Stratified tissue
    More then one layer
  4. Single Squamous
    • Flat
    • Lines vessels and air spaces
    • Thin layer, single layer, visible nucleus, membrane outlines
  5. Single Cuboidal
    • Cube
    • Tubles of kidney and ducts of glands.
    • Square cells
    • Large nucleus
  6. Single Columnar
    • Rectangular
    • Nucleus at bottom
    • Connected to basment membrane
  7. Pseudostratified Columndar
    • False Stratified but only ONE layer
    • Cells different in hight
    • Nuceus in two rows
    • Located in trachea, ciliated
  8. Stratified Squamous
    • Predominant, rugged, prevent abrasion
    • Located in mouth, esophagus
  9. Keratinized
    skin- layered on top
  10. NonKeratinized
    Urinary bladder- top layer cells are round
  11. Stratified Cuboidal
    • Looks like 3 connective rings
    • Reproductive and sweat glands
  12. Stratified Columnar
    • Many rows, round cells between rectangular cells on top
    • Dark basement membrane on bottom (GI track)
  13. Trasitional
    • Large nucleus, appears coboidal, when stretched appears like squamous.
    • Relaxed (contracted)
    • Distended (looks flat) (Urinary bladder- while filling up with urine it is becoming enlarged transitioning)
  14. Two types of Ephitelial tissues
    Simple (one layer) and stratified (more then one layer)
  15. Four types of simple ephitelial tissue
    • Squamous
    • Cuboidal
    • Columnar
    • Speudostrarified Cloumnar
  16. Three types of stratified epthitelial
    • Squamous
    • Cuboidal
    • Clumnar
    • Trasitional
  17. Three types of muscle tissue
    • Smooth
    • Striated
    • Heart
  18. Smooth muscle tissue
    • Involuntary- cannot control, ex digestive track
    • Spindle shaped, 1 nucleus
  19. Striated muscle tissue
    • Voluntary- can control
    • Long, multinecleated, Nuclei at periphery, has cross hands or striations
  20. Heart (muscle) tissue
    • Looks like striated muscle, branched fibers, nuclie in center, intercalated disks (beating transfer- each muscle cell interacts with each other inorder for the heart to beat).
    • Involuntary
  21. Neuron (tissue)
    • Transmits electrical signal from sensory receptiors to effectors (muscles or glands) which control their activity.
    • Located in brain, spinal cord, and nerves
  22. Connective Tissue
    Produces intercelluarl Material (Matrix) classified by function and Matrix type
  23. Four types of cells that make connective tissues
    • Fibroblast
    • Chondroblast
    • Osteoblast
    • Hematopetic Cell
  24. Two types of tissues Fibroblast Make
    • Loose
    • Dense
  25. Types of loose tissue
    • Areolar
    • Adipose
    • Recticular
  26. Areolar
    Subcutaneous layer (skin), mucus membrane, filler tissue, disorganized (collagen)

    In capillaries, mucous membrane
  27. Adipose
    Fat cells, empty looking, peripheral nucleus, fish net like appearnace.

    In abdomen and breast
  28. Reticular
    Supporting fibers of collagen

    In spleen and lymph

    No uniform structure
  29. Types of dense tissue
    • Regular
    • Irregular
    • Elastic
  30. Regular
    Collagen fibers arranged symmetricaly, fun in same direction, wavy look.  Looks white fibrous.

    In tendons and ligaments

  31. Irregular
    Collagen fibers, runs irregularly, no same direction of waves

    In the Dermis
  32. Elastic
    • Brownish blue
    • (muscle sheaths)
  33. The type of tissue Chondroblast cells make
  34. Types of Chondrablast supporting tissues
    • Cartilage
    • Hyaline Cartilage
    • Elastic Cartilage
    • Fibrous Cartilage
  35. Cartilage
    Simplest unit- chondroblast
  36. Hyaline Cartilage
    More cells in matrix, nucleus appears to be in 2 layers (articulating surface of bone, between ribs and sternum, nose, trachea)
  37. Elastic Cartilage
    • Crescent shaped, purple fibers, oval lacunae (empty white spaces), cells red, highly flexible.
    • Outer ear, epiglottis, larynx
  38. Fibrous Cartilage
    • Semisolid matrix, cells are scattered.
    • Intervertebral disc and pubic cone
  39. Osteoblast make which type of connective tissue
  40. Types of osteoblast supporting tissues
    • Bone
    • Cancellous Bone
    • Compact Bone
  41. Bone
    • Calcified and rigid
    • Simplest unit- osteoblast
  42. Cancellous Bone
    Spongy, ends of longitudinal section of long hones
  43. Compact Bone
    Osteocytes in lucunae
  44. Hematopoetic Cell
    Blood Cell
  45. Three types of blood cells
    • Leukocytes
    • Erythrocytes
    • Platelets
  46. Leukocytes
    White blood cells
  47. Erythrocytes
    • Red Blood cells
    • no nucleus or mitochondria