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What is the definition of targeting?
The process of selecting and prioritizing targets and matching the appropriate response to them, considering operational requirements and capabilities.
What is a target?
A target is an entity or object considered for possible engagement or other action.
What does the Targeting Process do?
The targeting process weighs the benefits and the cost of attacking various targets in order to determine which targets, if attacked, are most likely to contribute to achieving the desired end state.
What 5 things does the Targeting Methodology do?
- Supports the commander's decision cycle.
- Determines which targets to acquire and attack.
- Determines what assets to use and when.
- Determines lethal and non-lethal actions.
- Results in combat assessment requirements.
What are the 4 Principles of Targeting?
- The targeting process is focused on achieving the commander's objectives.
- Targeting is concerned with the creation of specific desired effects through lethal and nonlethal actions.
- Targeting is a command function that requires the participation of many disciplines.
- Targeting seeks to achieve effects through lethal and nonlethal actions in a systematic manner.
What makes up the commander's parameters for Targeting?
- Directed limitations
- Rules of Engagement & Laws of War
- Targeting priorities
- Key tasks
- Desired effects
- End-state & Objectives
What is the 'Art of Targeting'?
Achieving the desired effects with the least amount of risk, expenditure of time and resources.
What are the three parts of a 'systematic process'?
What are the 2 targeting categories?
What is a targeting methodology?
A rational and iterative process that methodically analyzes, prioritizes, and assigns assets against targets systematically to achieve those effects that will contribute to achieving the commander's objectives.
What are the 11 doctrinal effects? (D7NISE)
What are the two categories of targeting restrictions?
- No-strike list
- Restricted target list.
What are the two types of deliberate targets (planned targets)?
- Scheduled: Exist in the OE, located in sufficient time or prosecuted at a specific, planned time.
- On-call targets: Have actions planned, but not for a specific delivery time.
What are the two types of dynamic targets (targets of opportunity)?
- Unplanned: Known to exist in the OE, but no action planned against them.
- Unanticipated: Unknown or not expected to exist in the OE.
What is the purpose of targeting methodology?
To integrate and synchronize scalable fires with the maneuver operations.
What are the qualities of the 'Decide' function?
- It is the first step in the targeting process.
- It provides the overall focus and sets priorities for intelligence collection and attack planning.
- It draws heavily on a detailed intelligence preparation of the battlefield (IPB) and continuous assessment of the situation. (IPB ... is the foundation for the rest of the targeting process.)
What are the 3 types of analysis, and the associated templates?
- Generic: THREATEMP (Threat doctrine)
- Specific: SITEMP (Threat doctrine + OE Analysis)
- Predictive: EVENTEMP (Threat doctrine + OE Analysis + COA Indicators)
What are Target selection standards (TSS)?
TSS are criteria applied to enemy activity (acquisitions and battlefield information) and used in deciding whether the activity is a target.
What are the two TSS categories?
- Targets: meet accuracy and timeliness requirements for attack.
- Suspected targets: must be confirmed before any attack.
What is Vetting?
A part of target development that assesses the accuracy of the supporting intelligence to targeting (JP 3-60).
What is Validation?
A part of target development that ensures all vetted targets meet the objectives and criteria outlined in the commander's guidance and ensures compliance with the law of war and rules of engagement (JP 3-60).
What does the Deliver function do?
The deliver function of the targeting process executes the target attack guidance and supports the commander's battle plan once the HPT has been located and identified.
What is the ISR synchronization matrix?
A product used by the intelligence officer to ensure that collection tasks are tied to scheme of maneuver in time and space, effectively linking reconnaissance and surveillance to maneuver and effects.
What does the Detect function do?
This process determines accurate, identifiable, and timely requirements for collection systems.
What is Combat Assessment?
The determination of the effectiveness of force employment during military operations.
What are the 3 elements of Combat assessment?
- Munitions effectiveness assessment.
- Reattack recommendation.
What are the 2 categories of target attack decisions?
What are determined in tactical attack decisions?
- The time of the attack.
- The desired effect, degree of damage, or both.
- The weapon system to be used.
- Potential for collateral damage or collateral effects.
What are described in technical attack decisions?
- Number and type of munitions.
- Unit to conduct the attack.
- Response time of the attacking unit.
What does BDA include?
- Known or estimated threat unit strengths.
- Degraded or destroyed threat weapon systems.
- All known captured, wounded, or killed threat personnel during the reporting period.
What are the three components of each BDA?
- Physical damage assessment.
- Functional damage assessment.
- Target system assessment.
What is Munitions effectiveness assessment?
An assessment of the military force in terms of the weapon systems and munitions effectiveness.
What methodology is the basis of the Army targeting methodology?
Decide, Detect, Deliver, Asses (D3A)
How does a successful targeting structure enable the commander to visualize intelligence, maneuver, fire support, non-lethal systems, and SOF within his decision cycle?
By synchronizing intelligence and operations in time/space to achieve the desired effect and meet the commander's intent.
What are the functions of the targeting methodology?
- Assigns assets
What products are developed during the DECIDE function?
What is the Attack Guidance Matrix?
The attack guidance matrix (AGM) is a matrix which addresses which targets will be attacked, how, when, and the desired effects.