NET S&A

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Author:
bobthehobbe
ID:
183929
Filename:
NET S&A
Updated:
2012-11-15 23:12:37
Tags:
NET
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Description:
Basics for Networks and Computers
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  1. What does IP stand for?
    Internet Protocol
  2. What is an IP address?
    A unique string of numbers separated by periods that identifies each computer attached to the Internet
  3. What does TCP stand for?
    Transmission Control Protocol:
  4. What is TCP
    a protocol developed for the internet to get data from one network device to another; TCP uses a retransmission strategy to insure that data will not be lost in transmission
  5. What is a Server?
    a computer that provides client stations with access to files and printers as shared resources to a computer network
  6. What is a Client?
    A desktop computer or workstation that is capable of obtaining information and applications from a server
  7. What does CPU stand for?
    Central Processing Unit
  8. What is a CPU?
    the part of a computer (a microprocessor chip) that does most of the data processing; the CPU and the memory form the central part of a computer to which the peripherals are attached
  9. What does OS stand for?
    Operating System
  10. What is an OS?
    software that controls the execution of computer programs and may provide various services
  11. What does (I/O) stand for?
    Input/Output
  12. What is (I/O)?
    the communication between an information processing system (such as a computer) and the outside world, possibly a human or another information processing system
  13. What is a motherboard?
    A printed circuit board containing the principal components of a microcomputer or other device, with connectors into which other circuit boards can be slotted
  14. What does ROM BIOS stand for?
    Read Only Memory Basic Input Output System
  15. What is a Device Driver?
    a program that determines how a computer will communicate with a peripheral device
  16. What is a Peripheral?
    electronic equipment connected by cable to the CPU of a computer; disk drives and printers are important peripherals
  17. What does PC stand for?
    Personal Computer
  18. What is a PC?
    a small digital computer based on a microprocessor and designed to be used by one person at a time
  19. What is a User Interface?
    The means by which the user and a computer system interact, in particular the use of input devices and software
  20. What does GUI stand for?
    Graphical User Interface
  21. What is a GUI?
    a user interface based on graphics (icons and pictures and menus) instead of text; uses a mouse as well as a keyboard as an input device
  22. What is Memory?
    The part of a computer in which data or program instructions can be stored for retrieval
  23. What is Memory Management?
    the act of managing computer memory. In its simpler forms, this involves providing ways to allocate portions of memory to programs at their request, and freeing it for reuse when no longer needed. The management of main memory is critical to the computer system.
  24. What is Job Management?
    An operating system function that controls the order and time in which programs are run
  25. What is Virtual Memory?
    memory created by using the hard disk to simulate additional random-access memory; the addressable storage space available to the user of a computer system in which virtual addresses are mapped into real addresses
  26. What is File Management?
    the manipulation of documents and data in files on a computer
  27. What is a File System?
    the logical structure used on a storage device for the purpose of storing files, as well as the code within an operating system that allows the OS to store and manage files on a storage device.
  28. What is Formatting?
    the organization of information according to preset specifications
  29. What is a Partition?
    the part of a hard disk that is dedicated to a particular operating system or application and accessed as a single unit
  30. What does RTOS stand for?
    Real-Time Operating System
  31. What is a RTOS?
    an operating system intended for real-time applications.
  32. What is a Kernel?
    The most basic level or core of an operating system of a computer, responsible for resource allocation, file management, and security

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