Key Terms

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Author:
ambiasca
ID:
183984
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Key Terms
Updated:
2012-11-16 11:44:20
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Karate
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Key Terms to know thru Harris Holt Martial Arts Academy
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  1. Student Creed Part #1
    I will develop myself in a positive manner and avoid anything that could reduce my mental growth or my physical health. 
  2. Student Creed Part #2
    I will develop self-discipline in order to bring out the best in myself and others.
  3. Student Creed Part #3
    I will use what I learn in class constructively and defensively to help myself and my fellow man and never be abusive or offensive.
  4. Gi
    Uniform
  5. Dojo
    School
  6. Sensei
    Teacher
  7. Kiotsuke (Kilskit)
    Attention
  8. Rai
    Bow
  9. Deshi
    Student
  10. Obi
    Belt
  11. Karate
    Empty Hands - and comes from the Japanese island of Okinawa. The techniques taught in karate include blocking, striking, kicking, and punching.
  12. Kiai
    Spirit Yell
  13. Ichi
    1 - One
  14. Ni
    2 - Two
  15. San
    3 - Three
  16. Shi
    4 - Four
  17. Go
    5 - Five
  18. Ruku
    6 - Six
  19. Shichi
    7 - Seven
  20. Hachi
    8 - Eight
  21. Ku
    9 - Nine
  22. Ju
    10 - Ten
  23. Seiza
    Formal Sitting Position
  24. Taikyoku
    First Cause
  25. Mai Keri (Geri)
    Front Kick
  26. Shihan
    Master - One who points the way, Instructor of Instructors. Master level Instructor.
  27. Kiba Dachi
    Horse Stance
  28. Yoko Keri (Geri)
    Side Kick
  29. Yame
    Stop
  30. Hajime
    Begin
  31. Yasume
    Relax
  32. Gedan Uke
    Low Block
  33. Jodan Uke
    High Block
  34. Chudan Uke
    Middle Block
  35. Maksoo
    Begin Cleaning Breath
  36. Kumite Dachi
    Guarding Stance
  37. Uraken
    Back Fist
  38. Soke
    Grand Master
  39. Gyaka Zuki
    Reverse Punch
  40. Oi Zuki
    Front Punch
  41. Sempai
    Senior Instructor/Student
  42. Uke
    Block
  43. Zenkutsu Dachi
    Front Stance
  44. Zuki
    Punch
  45. Mata(y) 
    Turn/Switch
  46. How many parts do kicks have?
    4 parts
  47. Chudan Soto Uke
    Outside Middle Block
  48. Chudan Uchi Uke
    Inside Middle Block
  49. Tettui Uke 
    Hammer Fist Block
  50. Te
    Hand
  51. Arigato
    Thank You 
  52. Hai
    Yes
  53. Iie
    No
  54. Sayonara
    Goodbye
  55. Yoi
    Ready
  56. Hidari
    Left side
  57. Migi
    Right side
  58. Keri (Geri)
    Kick
  59. Mawashi Geri
    Round house Kick
  60. Ushiro Geri
    Back Kick
  61. Yoko Geri
    Side Kick
  62. Kime
    Focus
  63. Hachiji Dachi
    Relaxed Stance
  64. Heisoku Dachi
    Attention Stance, Feet together
  65. Kokutsu Dachi
    Back Stance
  66. Tachi (Dachi) 
    Stance
  67. Zenkutsu Dachi
    Forward Stance 
  68. Kihon
    Basic
  69. Ne Waza 
    Ground work, ground technique
  70. Waza
    Technique
  71. Embussen
    Floor patern of a Kata
  72. Ashi Sabaki 
    Foot Work
  73. Bunkai
    Application of form, study of martial arts techniques
  74. Bushi
    Samurai or Warrior
  75. Bushido
    Way of the Warrior or Warrior Way

    Code of Honor
  76. Chikara
    Strength or Power
  77. Karate-do
    Empty Hand Way
  78. Kuzushi
    Balance
  79. Kata
    Prearranged self-defense movements in a set pattern, a form
  80. Dan
    Black Belt grade
  81. Makiwara
    Striking post
  82. Harai (Barai)
    Parry or block
  83. Juji Uke
    X block (cross arms)
  84. Kake Uke
    Hooking Block
  85. Morote Uke 
    Augmented forearm block or double arm block
  86. Kansetsu
    Joint, as in knee joint or elbow joint
  87. Ashi
    Foot or leg
  88. Empi
    Elbow
  89. Hara
    Stomach or Belly
  90. Hiza
    Knee
  91. Te
    Hand
  92. Arigato Gozaimashita
    Thank You Very Much
  93. Fumikomi Geri
    Stomping Kick
  94. Otoshi/Ono Geri
    Axe or Heel Kick
  95. Kake Geri
    Hook Kick
  96. Keage 
    Snap Kick
  97. Keri Waza
    Kicking Technique
  98. Mae Kekomi Geri
    Front Thrust Kick
  99. Mae Tobi Geri
    Jump Front Kick
  100. Mawashi Tobi Geri
    Jump Round House Kick
  101. Mikazuki Geri
    Crescent Kick
  102. Ushiro Kekomi Geri
    Back Thrust Kick
  103. Ushiro Tobi Geri
    Jump Spinning Back Kick
  104. Yoko Kekomi Geri
    Side Thrust Kick
  105. Yoko Tobi Geri
    Jump Side Kick
  106. Ippon 
    One Point
  107. Kake
    Hook. Alse the final movement or execution of a throw.
  108. Karate-Ka
    A practioner of Karate
  109. Ki
    Japanese word for Energy, often used to describe the intrinsic life force energy that many believe animates the body and can be directed and extended through mental focus. 
  110. Kumite
    Sparring or Fighting
  111. Kyoshu Jitsu
    Striking vital points or pressure point techniques
  112. Maai
    Distance between you and your opponents
  113. Tori
    Attacker
  114. Zanshin
    A moment of silence before or after a perfectly executed technique.
  115. Godan
    A fifth (5th) degree black belt.
  116. Hanshi
    Eighth (8th) dan or above, master of style.
  117. Yudansha
    Black Belt Holder, of dan rank
  118. Ko Neko Dachi
    Long Cat Stance
  119. Kosa Dachi
    Crossed Leg Stance
  120. Neko Ashi Dachi
    Cat Leg Stance
  121. Sanchin Dachi
    Hourglass Stance with toes pointed inward.
  122. Age Zuki
    Rising Punch or Uppercut Punch
  123. Atemi Waza
    Striking Technique or attacking vital areas
  124. Chudan Zuki
    Middle Punch
  125. Empi Uchi
    Elbow Strike
  126. Gedan Zuki
    Low Punch
  127. Haito 
    Ridge Hand - An open hand strike, using the index finger side of the hand. Opposite striking surface to a Shuto. 
  128. Nukite
    Four Finger Strike or Spear Hand
  129. Tesho
    Palm Heel Strike
  130. Shuto
    Knife Hand
  131. Hadaka Jime
    Naked Choke
  132. Ippon Kumite Kata
    One Point Fighting Form
  133. Juji Gatame
    A Cross Arm Bar on the ground.
  134. Kesa-Gatame
    Position from Judo. Means "Scarf Hold". You are sitting in side position putting pressure on opponent's chest while one arm secures his head and your other arm secures his near arm.
  135. Kotegaeshi
    Bending the forearm away from the body through control of the wrist.
  136. Osaekomi
    Hold Down
  137. Shime (Jime)
    Choking
  138. Taisabaki
    Body movement or shifting, stepping and dodging.
  139. Ashi Barai
    Foot Sweep
  140. Nage
    The Thrower (in a throwing technique)
  141. Nage Waze
    Throwing Technique
  142. O-Goshi
    Major Hip Throw
  143. O-Soto-Gari
    Major Outer Reap
  144. Otoshi
    Drop or Throw Down
  145. Seoi-Nage
    Shoulder Throw
  146. Tai-Otoshi
    Body Drop Throw (Tori drops in order to throw Uke.)
  147. Ukemi
    Falling Technique
  148. ZERO RULE
    Doing Something You Know Your're Suppose To Do Without Being Told To Do It!
  149. Kami Bushi Do
    Kami Bushi Do translates as “Divine Warrior Way”.  Kami Bushi Do is an integrated martial art that utilizes techniques and methods from several different styles
  150. Shotokan Karate
    Shotokan Karate was created by Gichin Funakoshi in 1936 and is a traditional hard style martial art that includes kata or fighting patterns and sparring. Kata allows a student to practice karate techniques without a partner. While sparring, or kumite, encourages a better understanding of distance and timing when using these techniques.
  151. Kempo
    Kempo emphasizes more circular moves, such as the hook, or the uppercut as main attack methods, while normal Karate usually focuses on linear attacks and blocks, or straight moves. Kempo has more grappling moves, and throws than Karate.
  152. Okinawan Kobudo
    Is the study of Okinawan weapons such as the bo (staff), sai, kama, tonfa, nunchaku, eaku (boat oar), tekko, and nun-te bo.
  153. Aikido
    Is a defensive Japanese martial art. It is non-aggressive art that redirects an aggressor’s force. The attacker’s own motions and momentum are used to upset their balance and stability. Once they are off-balance they are subdued or dispensed with by using any of a large variety of joint locks, pins or throws.
  154. Judo
    Or “yielding way” is a Japanese martial art; its modern form was founded by Professor Jigoro Kano in 1882. This style uses grappling techniques based on the notion that softness overcomes hardness.  Judo turns an opponent’s strength against them by taking advantage of aggressive force by giving way rather than resisting it.
  155. Jujitsu
    An art of weaponless self-defense developed in Japan that uses, throws, holds, and blows and derives added power from the attacker’s own weight and strength.
  156. Mushin
    No Thought - No Ego
  157. Jodan
    High
  158. Hara
    Center
  159. Hiza Uchi
    Knee Strike
  160. Heioshi
    Timing
  161. Shotokan
    The Martial Arts system, founded in 1936 by Gichin Funakoshi, “Shoto” was his pen name and means “waving pines”.
  162. Heiho
    Strategy

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