BIO 115 FALL 2012 EXAM 3

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makeartnotwar89
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BIO 115 FALL 2012 EXAM 3
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2012-11-19 10:48:26
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BIO 115 FALL 2012 EXAM
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BIO 115 FALL 2012 EXAM 3
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  1. The ___ is located in the back of the brain.  It is seperated from the brain stem by the ___ ventricle and maintains ___, ___, and coordinates ___ movement.
    • cerebellum
    • fourth
    • posture
    • balance
    • voluntary
  2. The ___ ___ helps rouse a sleeping person.
    reticular formation
  3. The ___ is the relay station between ___ and ___ ___ or cerebellum.
    • midbrain
    • cerebrum
    • spinal cord
  4. The ___ regulates breathing rate.
    pons
  5. The ___ ___ is the vital reflex center of vomiting, ___, sneezing, ___, and swollowing.
    • medulla oblongata
    • coughing
    • hiccupping
  6. The ___ ___ ___ lies outside the CNS.  It is composed of ___ and ___.
    • Peripheral Nervous System
    • nerves
    • ganglia
  7. ___ means sensory, it carries info ___ brain and spinal cord.
    • Afferent
    • into
  8. ___ sensory serves the skin, skeletal muscles, joints, and tendons.
    Somatic
  9. ___ sensory supplies the internalorgans.
    visceral
  10. ___ means motor, it carries motor info ___ CNS ___ effectors.
    • Efferent
    • from
    • to
  11. ___ motor systems carries commands from CNS to the  skeletal muscles and is ___.
    • Somatic
    • voluntary
  12. ___ motor systems regulates cardiac and smooth muscle and glands, it is ___.
    • Automatic
    • involuntary
  13. Cranial nerves have ___ pairs.  They are mostly involved with the ___, ___, and ___.  The ___ nerve, cranial nerve X, has sensory and motor branches to the face and most internal organs it is the ___ nerve.
    • 12
    • head
    • neck
    • face
    • vagus
    • longest
  14. Sensory nerves only contain ___ fibers and Motor nerves only contain ___ fibers, but ___ nerves contain both.
    • sensory
    • motor
    • mixed
  15. All spinal nerves are ___ nerves.  There are ___ pairs of spinal nerves.  They are designated according to their location in relation to the ___.
    • mixed
    • 31
    • vertebrae
  16. The ___ ___ nervous system and ___ signal the skeletal muscles.  
    • Somatic Motor
    • Reflexes
  17. Somatic Motor Nerves are ___ actions that originate in the ___ ___.  Reflexes are automatic ___ responses.  ___ reflexes involve the brain.  ___ reflexes involve the spinal cord only.
    • voluntary
    • motor cortex
    • cranial
    • spinal
  18. The ___ ___ Nervous System function automatically and involuntarily, they control all ___ ___.
    • Automatic Motor
    • internal organs
  19. ___ reflexes are important to the maintenance of homeostasis.
    visceral
  20. ___ division is "fight or flight"
    sympathetic
  21. ___ division is "rest and digest"
    parasympathetic
  22. A ___ is a chemical that is produced by living cells, regulates metabolic activities, and is distributed via the blood or lymphs.
    hormone
  23. Most hormones can be chemically classified as ___ or ___ ___.
    • steroids
    • amino-acid based
  24. ___ is required for the synthesis of thyroxine
    Iodine
  25. ___ ___ mechanisms inhibit hormone release once a satisfactory level of that hormone has been released.
    Negative Feedback
  26. ___ hormone demineralizes bone and raises blood calcium levels.
    Parathroid
  27. a hypodermic injection of ___ would increase heart rate, increase blood preasure, dilate the bronchi, and decrease peristalsis.
    epinephrine
  28. Secondary sex characteristics are directly developed and maintained by the hormones ___ in males and ___ in females.
    • testosterone
    • estrogen
  29. if ___ ___ ___ is deficient in a growing child, the child will become a dwarf but have fairly normal body proportions.
    anterior pituitary secretion
  30. the endocrine gland that developes in common with the sympathetic nervous system is the ___ ___.
    adrenal medulla
  31. Individuals with type II ___ ___ may often control their disease by diet and exercise.
    diabetes mellitus
  32. hypothyroidism in children may lead to ___.
    cretinism
  33. The function of ___ is to transport, defend, and regulate.
    blood
  34. ___ is the liquid portion of blood.  It is 92% ___ and 8% salt and organic molecules.  Theses proteins help maintain ___. 
    • plasma
    • water
    • homeostasis
  35. Blood is 55% ___ and 45% formed elements.
    plasma
  36. Formed elements are produced continuously in the ___ ___ ___.  they are made by the process called ___ (know spelling).
    • red bone marrow
    • hematopoiesis
  37. The 3 granular leukocytes are ___, ___, and ___.  ___ are the least seen.
    • basophils
    • eosinophils
    • neutrophils

    eosinophils
  38. ___ are red blood cells.  They are ___ disks and ___, no neucleous.  They transport ___ and ___.
    • erythrocytes
    • biconcave
    • anucleate
    • oxygen
    • hemoglobin
  39. ___ is a respatory pigment.
    hemoglobin
  40. ___ is when the hemoglobin has oxygen.
    oxyhemoglobin
  41. ___ is when hemoglobin does not have oxygen.
    deoxyhemoglobin
  42. Red blood cells live ___ days. they are destroyed in the ___ and ___.
    • 120
    • liver
    • spleen
  43. anemia means cells are not getting enough ___.  ___ can also cause anemia.
    • oxygen
    • hemolysis
  44. ___ are white blood cells.  They are usually ___ than red blood cells.  They are ___, have a nucleous and do not contain ___.  They are ment to fight ___, ___ dead or dying cells, and kill ___ cells.  They can also ___ the blood stream.
    • leukocytes
    • larger
    • nucleated
    • hemoglobin
    • infection
    • destroy
    • cancerous
    • leave
  45. ___ are fragments of megakaryocytes and are used in blood ___.
    • platlets
    • clotting
  46. ___ is the cessation of bleeding.  ___ ___ is the construction of a broken blood vessel.
    • hemostasis
    • vascular spasm
  47. ___ is blood clotting
    Coagulation
  48. ___ is low platelet count.
    ___ is an inherited clotting disorder.
    ___ is stationary blood clot.
    ___ is dislodged blood clot.
    ___ when a dislodged clot blocks a blood vessel.
    • thrombocytopenia
    • hemophelias
    • thrombus
    • embolus
    • thromboembolism
  49. ___ is localized swelling and acumulation of ___ ___.
    • edema
    • tissue fluid
  50. ABO Blood groups are based on the presence or absence of ___.
    antigens
  51. A blood has ___ antibodies
    B blood has ___ antibodies
    AB blood has ___ antibodies
    O blood has ___ antibodies
    • anti-B
    • anti-A
    • neither
    • both
  52. ___ are on the blood cells and ___ are in the plasma
    • antigens
    • antibodies
  53. ___ occurs when antibodies and antigens combine.
    agglutination
  54. ___ blood is the best donor and ___ blood os the best recipient.
    • O
    • AB
  55. ___ is iron deficiency. 
    anemia
  56. ___ is the inner layer of the heart.  ___ is the thickest part of the heart wall.  ___ two-layer membrain that covers the heart. ___ ___ forms the outer surface of the heart.
    • endocardium
    • myocardium
    • paricardium
    • vicaral pericardium
  57. chordae tendineae is the ___ ___
    heart strings
  58. ___ carry blood away from the heart.  ___ cary blood to the heart.
    • arteries
    • veins
  59. ___ valves are normally open, while ___ valves are normally closed.
    • AV
    • Semilunar
  60. The largest lymphoid organ is the ___
    spleen
  61. Two lymphoid system organs are the ___ and ___
    • tonsils
    • spleen
  62. lymph vessels are similar to cardiovascular ___
    veins
  63. ___ is swelling due to excess tissue fluid
    edema
  64. Lymphatic system vessels begin with ___ ___
    lymphatic capillaries
  65. ___ is cancer of the lymphoid tissue
    lymphoma

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