BIO 115 FALL 2012 EXAM 3
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The ___ is located in the back of the brain. It is seperated from the brain stem by the ___ ventricle and maintains ___, ___, and coordinates ___ movement.
The ___ ___ helps rouse a sleeping person.
The ___ is the relay station between ___ and ___ ___ or cerebellum.
- spinal cord
The ___ regulates breathing rate.
The ___ ___ is the vital reflex center of vomiting, ___, sneezing, ___, and swollowing.
- medulla oblongata
The ___ ___ ___ lies outside the CNS. It is composed of ___ and ___.
- Peripheral Nervous System
___ means sensory, it carries info ___ brain and spinal cord.
___ sensory serves the skin, skeletal muscles, joints, and tendons.
___ sensory supplies the internalorgans.
___ means motor, it carries motor info ___ CNS ___ effectors.
___ motor systems carries commands from CNS to the skeletal muscles and is ___.
___ motor systems regulates cardiac and smooth muscle and glands, it is ___.
Cranial nerves have ___ pairs. They are mostly involved with the ___, ___, and ___. The ___ nerve, cranial nerve X, has sensory and motor branches to the face and most internal organs it is the ___ nerve.
Sensory nerves only contain ___ fibers and Motor nerves only contain ___ fibers, but ___ nerves contain both.
All spinal nerves are ___ nerves. There are ___ pairs of spinal nerves. They are designated according to their location in relation to the ___.
The ___ ___ nervous system and ___ signal the skeletal muscles.
Somatic Motor Nerves are ___ actions that originate in the ___ ___. Reflexes are automatic ___ responses. ___ reflexes involve the brain. ___ reflexes involve the spinal cord only.
- motor cortex
The ___ ___ Nervous System function automatically and involuntarily, they control all ___ ___.
- Automatic Motor
- internal organs
___ reflexes are important to the maintenance of homeostasis.
___ division is "fight or flight"
___ division is "rest and digest"
A ___ is a chemical that is produced by living cells, regulates metabolic activities, and is distributed via the blood or lymphs.
Most hormones can be chemically classified as ___ or ___ ___.
___ is required for the synthesis of thyroxine
___ ___ mechanisms inhibit hormone release once a satisfactory level of that hormone has been released.
___ hormone demineralizes bone and raises blood calcium levels.
a hypodermic injection of ___ would increase heart rate, increase blood preasure, dilate the bronchi, and decrease peristalsis.
Secondary sex characteristics are directly developed and maintained by the hormones ___ in males and ___ in females.
if ___ ___ ___ is deficient in a growing child, the child will become a dwarf but have fairly normal body proportions.
anterior pituitary secretion
the endocrine gland that developes in common with the sympathetic nervous system is the ___ ___.
Individuals with type II ___ ___ may often control their disease by diet and exercise.
hypothyroidism in children may lead to ___.
The function of ___ is to transport, defend, and regulate.
___ is the liquid portion of blood. It is 92% ___ and 8% salt and organic molecules. Theses proteins help maintain ___.
Blood is 55% ___ and 45% formed elements.
Formed elements are produced continuously in the ___ ___ ___. they are made by the process called ___ (know spelling).
- red bone marrow
The 3 granular leukocytes are ___, ___, and ___. ___ are the least seen.
___ are red blood cells. They are ___ disks and ___, no neucleous. They transport ___ and ___.
___ is a respatory pigment.
___ is when the hemoglobin has oxygen.
___ is when hemoglobin does not have oxygen.
Red blood cells live ___ days. they are destroyed in the ___ and ___.
anemia means cells are not getting enough ___. ___ can also cause anemia.
___ are white blood cells. They are usually ___ than red blood cells. They are ___, have a nucleous and do not contain ___. They are ment to fight ___, ___ dead or dying cells, and kill ___ cells. They can also ___ the blood stream.
___ are fragments of megakaryocytes and are used in blood ___.
___ is the cessation of bleeding. ___ ___ is the construction of a broken blood vessel.
___ is blood clotting
___ is low platelet count.
___ is an inherited clotting disorder.
___ is stationary blood clot.
___ is dislodged blood clot.
___ when a dislodged clot blocks a blood vessel.
___ is localized swelling and acumulation of ___ ___.
ABO Blood groups are based on the presence or absence of ___.
A blood has ___ antibodies
B blood has ___ antibodies
AB blood has ___ antibodies
O blood has ___ antibodies
___ are on the blood cells and ___ are in the plasma
___ occurs when antibodies and antigens combine.
___ blood is the best donor and ___ blood os the best recipient.
___ is iron deficiency.
___ is the inner layer of the heart. ___ is the thickest part of the heart wall. ___ two-layer membrain that covers the heart. ___ ___ forms the outer surface of the heart.
- vicaral pericardium
chordae tendineae is the ___ ___
___ carry blood away from the heart. ___ cary blood to the heart.
___ valves are normally open, while ___ valves are normally closed.
The largest lymphoid organ is the ___
Two lymphoid system organs are the ___ and ___
lymph vessels are similar to cardiovascular ___
___ is swelling due to excess tissue fluid
Lymphatic system vessels begin with ___ ___
___ is cancer of the lymphoid tissue
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