Fungi Study Guide

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TGoodman
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184081
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Fungi Study Guide
Updated:
2012-11-17 11:34:26
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Fungi Study Guide 7th grade science PVMS Ms Colyer Virginia
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Fungi Study Guide for 7th Grade Virginia Science
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  1. Which of the following is NOT a characterisitic of most fungi:

    A. they are eukaryotes
    B. they uses spores to reproduce
    C. they are heterotrophs
    D. they are autotrophs
    D.

    fungi are heterotrophs NOT autotrophs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. In order to grow, fungi need

    a. warm, dry places
    b. cold, dry places
    c. warm, moist places
    d. cold, moist places
    c
  3. All fungi are multicellular.

    TRUE
    FALSE
    FALSE

    Yeast cells are unicellular--all other fungi are multicellular.
  4. _____________ are branching threadlike tubes through which substances can move quickly and freely.

    a. hydra
    b. hydrates
    c. hyphae
    d. hydros
    c
  5. The cells of multicellular fungi are arranged in structures called _____________.

    a. hydra
    b. hydrates
    c. hyphae
    d. hydros
    c
  6. HOW FUNGI OBTAIN FOOD

    Step 1: The fungi grow hyphae into the food source
    Step 2: The Fungi send digestive chemicals into the food
    Step 3: The digestive chemicals break down the food into small substances.
    Step 4: The
     broken down food is then absorbed back through the hyphae.
    This was a study card. No right or wrong answer. Learn the steps.
  7. Fungi reproduce by _____________

    a. cellular mitosis
    b. anatomical reproduction
    c. spores
    d. conjugation
    c
  8. Fungi produce thousands of spores in structures called ___________

    a. fruiting bodies
    b. spore pods
    c. fruiting pods
    d. spore bodies
    a
  9. All fungi, except for yeast, reproduce ONLY asexually.

    TRUE
    FALSE
    FALSE

    Except for yeast, all fungi reproduce BOTH asexually and sexually.
  10. Fungi are classified into groups based on the spore producing structure and on their ability to ______________.

    a. move from place to place
    b. reproduce sexually
    c. capture food
    b
  11. FOUR GROUPS OF FUNGI (LIST CARD)

    Group 1: threadlike fungi
    Group 2: sac fungi
    Group 3: club fungi
    Group 4: imperfect fungi
    This list for study only.
  12. Common bread mold is an example of ______________

    a. theadlike fungi
    b. sac fungi
    c. club fungi
    d. imperfect fungi
    a
  13. The over 25,000 species of mushrooms are and example of ______________

    a. theadlike fungi
    b. sac fungi
    c. club fungi
    d. imperfect fungi
    c
  14. Sac fungi got that name because they produce their spores in structures thatlook like sacks.

    TRUE 
    FALSE
    TRUE
  15. Penicillium is an example of __________________

    a. theadlike fungi
    b. sac fungi
    c. club fungi
    d. imperfect fungi
    d
  16. Which group of fungi is NOT known to reproduce sexually.

    a. theadlike fungi.
    b. sac fungi
    c. club fungi
    d. imperfect fungi
    d
  17. Who discovered, in 1928, that Penicillium killed bacteria.

    a. Isaac Newton
    b. Marie Curie
    c. Alexander Fleming
    d Albert Einstein
    c
  18. Because Penicillium killed bacteria, it became the first _____________ .

    a. abiotic
    b. antibiotic
    c. biotic
    d. germicide
    b
  19. Unicellualr yeast reproduce asexually by _____________.

    a. budding
    b. conjugation
    c. cellular mitosis
    d. unicellular conjugation
    a
  20. The process of producing small buds on a large well fed yeast, is called ______________.

    a. spawning
    b. sporing
    c. budding
    d. yeasting
    c
  21. In unicellular yeast, resproduction occurs through budding. The bud ______________ and lives on its own.

    a. multiplies
    b. collapses
    c. enlarges
    d. breaks away
    d
  22. When growing conditions become unfavorable for asexual reproduction, fungi are unable to reproduce.

    TRUE 
    FALSE
    FALSE

    Sometimes, they reproduce sexually when the hyphae from two different fungi grow together and genetic material is exchanged.
  23. BENEFICIAL PURPOSES OF FUNGI: (study list)

    Purpose 1: yeast causes bread to rise
    Purpose 2: molds are used in production of cheeses
    Purpose 3: penicillin production
    Purpose 4: edible mushrooms
    Purpose 5: fungi act as decomposers
    Study this list
  24. Fungi can ONLY cause disease in plants.

    TRUE
    FALSE
    FALSE

    Fungi can cause disease in BOTH animals and plants.
  25. A mutualistic relationship is one that benefits....

    a. only one organism in the relationship
    b. both organisms in the relationship.
    b
  26. Lichens live in a _____________ relationship with a fungus and either an algae or a bacteria.

    a. mutualistic
    b. symbiotic
    c. abiotic
    d. probiotic
    a
  27. Lichens often grow on ____________.

    a. trees
    b. animal fur
    c. rocks
    d. buildings
    c
  28. Over time, lichens breakdown rocks into soil.

    TRUE
    FALSE
    TRUE

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