literary terms

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literary terms
2012-11-17 18:33:56
literary terms

literary terms
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  1. genre
    a category of literature
  2. Oxymoron-
    when two words that are the opposite are put together for effect
  3. Irony-
    when the opposite of what is expected happens
  4. Verbal irony-
  5. Dramatic irony-
    readers know something that the characters don’t
  6. Situational irony-
    events turned to the oppositeof what is expected
  7. Hyperbole-
    an extreme exaggeration
  8. Simile-
    a comparison using the words like or as
  9. Metaphor-
    a comparison that doesn’t use the words like or as
  10. Personification-
    giving human characteristics to inanimate objects
  11. Conflict-
    a problem in the story
  12. Theme-
    the author’s message or moral of the story
  13. Plot-
    the events of a story
  14. Thesis statement-
    the main idea in an essay
  15. Idiom-
    a phrase that means something different than the individual words (not to be taken literally)
  16. Narrative Writing-
    writing that tells a story
  17. Third person limited-
    readers only know what one character is thinking
  18. Rising action-
    the part of the story leading to the climax
  19. Setting-
    the time and place where a story occurs
  20. Resolution-
    the solution section of the plot
  21. Expository writing-
    writing that explains something
  22. Persuasive writing-
    writing that is designed to convince a reader
  23. First person-
    one character tells the story using the pronoun “I”
  24. Second person-
    using pronouns we or you
  25. Third person omniscient-
    an all knowing point of view
  26. Mood-
    the feeling of a story (sad, happy, nervous)
  27. Imagery-
    words and phrases that appeal to the readers senses
  28. Excerpt-
     a small section of a bigger piece of writing
  29. Meter-
    the rhythm of stressed and unstressed syllables in poems
  30. Flashback-
     interrupting current action to go back to the past
  31. Foreshadowing-
    a clue about events to come
  32. Fiction-
    writing that is not true
  33. Allegory-
    a story whose story represents more than it
  34. Anecdote-
     a brief story meant to make a point
  35. Point of view-
    the perspective from which the story is told
  36. Alliteration-
    repeated constant sound at the beginning or within words
  37. Repetition-
    repeating a main point