chem 100b

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Anonymous
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184142
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chem 100b
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2012-11-17 19:11:45
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nomenclature
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nomenclature
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  1. 1.   Inorganic what it means and in its components
    • o    In-doesn't
    • o    organic- substances that contains Carbon and
    • Oxygen at the same time
  2. coumponds vs. ions
    componds are considered nuetral Ions have acharge
  3. Salt formations Three of them
    • Metal to nonmetal
    • Metal to Group
    • Group to Group
  4. Types of Acids Two kinds
    • Binary Acids
    • Oxyacids
  5. Binary Covalent Coumponds are the formation of this
    A nonmetal and nonmetal I.E. CO N2O
  6. types of inorganic substances 
    Compounds and ions
  7. Types of  Ions
    • Monatomic Ions 
    • Polyatomic Ions 
  8. Monatomic Ion types
    • Metal Ions (Positive)
    • Nonmeatl Ions (Negative)
  9. polyatomic Ions
    o    Cations (Positive)

    o    Anions (Negative)
  10. Fixed Charge Metal Ions and how the group reflects the charge of the Ion
    for Fixed Charge Ions the Group number is the same at the positive magnitude of the ion charge
  11. Variable charge Metal Ions and how they are labeled 
    the element is indicated followed by roman numbers equal to the number of electrons given away I.E. Fe(ii) and Fe(iii)
  12. Nonmetal Ions and the significance of the
    group with respect to charges and the appropriate suffex 
    -ide such as flouride chloride oxide, etc. the nonmetal ion has a charge that is the negative of the difference between the group # and eight.
  13. Polyatomic Ions meaning
    • more than one atom combined that have a charge
    • there are positive and negative polyatomic ions
  14. positive chaged (cation) ion that we learned in class, charge and ion formula
    NH4 +1charge this is ammonium
  15. identifying the group # of a polyatomic Ion
    the group number is the central atom of the Ion and is indetified by the family name IE 5a 6a 7a
  16. the highest Oxygen content of a polyatomic Ion containing a central atom of Carbon charge of the set and names in the set
    CO3(-2) carbonite 
  17. the highest Oxygen content of a polyatomic Ion containing a central atom of Nitrogen charge of the set and names in the set
    • NO3(-) Nitrate 
    • NO2(-) Nitrite
  18. the highest Oxygen content of a polyatomic Ion containing a central atom of Phospate charge of the set and names in the set
    • PO4(3-) Phosphate
    • PO3(3-) Phosphite
  19. the highest Oxygen content of a polyatomic Ion containing a central atom of Sulfur charge of the set and names in the set
    • SO4(2-) Sulfate
    • SO3(2-) Sulfite
  20. the highest Oxygen content of a polyatomic Ion containing a central atom of Cloride charge of the set and names in the set
    • ClO4(-) perclorate
    • ClO3(-)clorate
    • ClO2(-)clorite
    • ClO(-) hypoclorite
  21. the highest Oxygen content of a polyatomic Ion containing a central atom of Bromine charge of the set and names in the set
    • BrO4(-) Perbromate
    • BrO3(-) bromate
    • BrO2(-) bromite
    • BrO(-) hypomite
  22. the highest Oxygen content of a polyatomic Ion containing a central atom of Iodine charge of the set and names in the set
    • IO4(-) periodate
    • IO3(-) iodate
    • IO2(-) Iodite
    • IO(-) hypoiodite
  23. the highest Oxygen content of a polyatomic Ion containing a central atom of Manganese charge of the set and names in the set
    MnO4(-) permanganate
  24. the highest Oxygen content of a polyatomic Ion containing a central atom of Chromium charge of the set and names in the set
    CrO4(2-) Chromate (exception to the expectation)
  25. polyatomic Ion containing a central atom of Carbon and Nitrogen charge of the set and names in the set
    CN(-) cyanide (non conventional naming pattern)
  26. polyatomic Ion containing the atoms of hydrongen-oxygen charge of the set and names in the set
    OH(-) Hydroxide
  27. polyatomic Ion C2H3O2 and its charge and name
    acetate (-)
  28. polyatomic Ion C6H6O6 and its charge and name
    ascorbate (2-)
  29. Definition of a salt
    Positively and negatively charged ions together to form a neutral solid compound
  30. metal to non metal salts three examples
    Ag2S, Fe2O3 (Fe(iii)), NaCl.
  31. three construction types for salts 
    • nonmetal to metal
    • metal to group
    • group to group 
  32. four types of compounds
    Salts, acids, bases, bianary compounds (nonmetal to nonmetal)
  33. +&- charge ions bonded to form a solid compounds with a PH>7
    Bases
  34. a covalent compound G,LorS with one or more _____ Hydrogens and PH_7
    acidic, PH<7, acid 
  35. types of acid 
    (hydrongen and nonmetal)
    (hydrongen /group containing _____)
    • Binary acids 
    • Oxyacids
  36. rules for Oxiacids:
    take -ate ending and change to ____
    take -ite ending and change to ____
    • -ic
    • -ous
  37. Binary covalent compounds or (nonmetal to nonmetal) Rules for naming
    • prefix-nonmetal prefix nonmetal root-ide
    • noprefix if subscript one for the first nonmetal 
    • no "oo" or "ao" 
    • no oxidation numbers required

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