cat facts, drives and traits, dog age/developmental periods, behavioral terminology
a group of cats
a group of kittens
how many breeds of cats?
In the middle ages, cats were believed to have:
how many decidious teeth do kittens have, and when do they develop?
26 deciduous teeth
6 weeks of age
how many permanent teeth do cats have, and when do they develop?
30 permanent teeth
6 months of age
where do cats have thinning hair
between the tops of their eyes and their ears
how many male calicos/tortiseshells are there?
How high can a cat jump in a single leap?
more than 5 times its height
Where are cat scent glands
sides and back of their heads that they rub on things to mark ownership
How do cats mark territory
spraying concentrated urine
Cat's resting heart rate
100-140 beats per minute
When cats fall:
they have a not-infallable self-righting reflex allowing them to land on their feet.
Rate of a purr
26 cycles per second
How and why do a cat's pupils enlarge
up to 4 times as much as it approaches its food bowl
a list of rule-outs (things that could be wrong with the animal)
What you write down when an animal comes into the clinic
Subjective (what the client says)
Objective (what you see)
adding a reward. Good consequence. INCREASES the likelihood of a response in the future
Removing a punishment/adversive. Removal of a bad consequence. INCREASES the liklihood of a response in the future
Add a punishment, presentation of a bad consequence when the response is performed. DECREASES the liklihood of the response in the future
remove something good. Removal of a good consequence. DECREASES the liklihood of the response in the future
when behavior gets much worse before it disappears.
when a behavior disappears due to lack of reinforcement
overexposure to phobia stimulus
Bob Bailey's ABCs
Antecedent (going on right before)
wait until the animal performs the desired activity then reward it. Make it easy for the animal to succeed by rewarding pieces of behaviors
Trial and Error learning, instrumental learning, "shaping" behavior. Clicker trianing and BF Skinner. Make it easy for the animal to succeed.
An unconditioned stimulus produces a response that is reflex-like, usually involving contraction of smooth muscle or secretion of a gland.
training animal by arranging situation so the animal can only do the right thing.
punishment. Stimulus that reduces the rate of behavior.
when a behavior spontaneously returns after extinction
when operant conditioning is employed; you can reward the animal every time the behavior is performed, every ten times, every twenty... (fixed ratios).
the simplest type of learning. Long-term stimulus-specific waning of a responce (learning not to respond to stimuli that tend to be without significance in the life of the animal)
when two cues are too similar and dog mixes them up
Getting the same answer a different way: dolphin puts the ball through the hoop with a flipper instead of his nose.
drive founded on the urge to satisfy hunger
drive that is the ability/desire to air and or ground scent
drive that is the urge to chase, catch, kill, carry, and guard prey
drive that is the expression of the prey drive
drive that is related to retrieving and social drives
drive that is the urge to interact socially with conspecifics. Compliance, allelomimetic behavior, etc.
drive for upward polarization
drive of eagerness to measure physical strength. Pugnaciousness
drive that is the tendency to become attached to and defend a locality
drive that is the urge to defend pack members
drive to avert harm through aggressive action
drive to avert harm through avoidance behavior
drive that is the urge to engage to sexual activity
drive that is epimeletic (care-giving) and et-epimeletic (care-soliciting) behavior. Also, nursing drive.
Traid about physical attributes, condition (readiness to react)
trait that is the fortitude arising only from constitutional and genetic factors. Inversely, confidence is the fortitude arising from positive experience.
trait that is the ability to accept negative physical or emotional sensations without being momentarily or permanently influenced adversely by them
trait that implies a low threshold for defensive and/or fighting drives, and also low thresholds in general
trait that is liveliness or alertness, and it is spoken of in terms of quantity
trait that is based both in the dogs constitution and also in the general strength of his drives, desires and urges
trait that describes the dogs higher psychological and cognitive capabilities
birth to 12 days
obtaining nutrition by nursing and staying warm
Physical changes: eyes open, crawl/walk, teeth begin to erupt, tail wagging, react to sound
Puppy can use signt and hearing. Needs and stable environment. Learning begins. Learns how to be a dog.
Canine Socialization period
Bonds with own species and other species.
learns species-specific behaviors. Must stay with mother and littermates. Learns discipline, barking, chasing, body postures, facial positions, vocalizations, submissive body posture,
human socialization period
7-12 weeks, 50-84 days
pup has the brain waves of an adult dog. Best time for a new home and best time to introduce him to things that will be in his life (cars, farm animals, vacuum, etc.). Most rapid learning. Start of easy obedience.
Fear impact period
any painful, traumatic or frightening experience will have a more lasting impact than at any other time.
Seniority Classification period
"age of cutting"--teeth and apron strings. Testing to see who will be pack leader. Biting=domination. Clarify and resolve the question of leadership.
Flight instinct period
4-8 months. Tests his wings. Run off and not come when called for a few days to several weeks.
Teething goes along--adult teeth are in and setting into the jaw and the puppy MUST chew.
Second fear impact period
May occur more than once as dog matures--with growth spurts. Sudden reluctance to approach something new or be frightened of something or someone familiar
sexual maturity. increase in aggression and renewed testing for leadership.
aggression towards one or more family members
protective of a space
also food or resource-guarding
defending pack mates or self
overstimulated animal bites whoever comes near--doesn't even realize
pain or fear-induced aggression
attack provoked by pain or fear (of pain)
sudden attacks completely out of nowhere
if you break up two dogs and get bit...
dog doesn't so much as get touched without working for it. "no free lunch".
female dogs that come from majority male litters, after spay, can develop masculine habits--not as fond of other dogs, leg-lift, marking, aggression