Medical Terminology CH 5

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Author:
bradley.knox
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184233
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Medical Terminology CH 5
Updated:
2012-11-18 14:20:43
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Med Term
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Med Term
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  1. What are the two divisions of the skeletal system?
    • Axial
    • Appendicular
  2. What division of the skeletal system do cranial, facial, chest, spinal column belong to?
    Axial
  3. What structures belong to the appendicular division?
    • Appendages attached to trunk
    • - Shoulder girdle
    • -bones of arm and hands
    • - pelvic girdle
    • - Bones of legs
    • -bones of feet and ankles
  4. What is ossification?
    Bone Formation
  5. What are progenitor cells that mature into osteocytes?
    Osteoblasts
  6. what is mature bone cell?
    Osteocyte
  7. what is the shaft of a long bone called?
    Diaphysis
  8. What is an epiphysis?
    ends of bone
  9. What is the thin membrane covering the bone?
    periosteum
  10. what is the inner membrane layer of a bone that surrounds the medullar cavity and contributes to bone growth and repair?
    Endosteum
  11. What is the middle of the shaft that contains bone marrow called?
    Medullary Cavity
  12. What are the fibrous membranes that join the cranial bones?
    Sutures
  13. What ribs are considered Costae verae (true ribs)?
    ribs 1-7
  14. What are ribs eight nine and 10 called?
    Costa fluctuantes (False ribs)
  15. What are the costae spuriae?
    floating ribs (11 and 12)
  16. what is the term used for fingers?
    Phalanges
  17. What is the term for beyond wrist?
    metacarpals
  18. Boney protuberance on distal end of tibia?
    medial malleolus
  19. Boney protuberance on distal end of Fibula?
    Lateral malleolus
  20. What is the term used for heal bone?
    Calcaneus
  21. Where are the tarsal bones located?
    Foot
  22. What type of joint has no movement?
    Synarthrosis
  23. What is a joint with little movement called?
    Amphiarthrosis (ex. vertebrae)
  24. What type of joint has free movement?
    Diarthrosis / Synovial 
  25. What is connective tissue that enables movement?
    Cartilage
  26. Term for the tear of a ligament>
    Sprain
  27. What is the act of setting a fracture called?
    Reduction
  28. What is a loss of bone mass called?
    Osteoporosis
  29. What is a cartilage tumor called?
    Chondrosarcoma
  30. What is the gradual disintegration of joint cartilage called?
    Osteoarthritis
  31. Cheir/o = ?
    hand
  32. Dactyl/o = 
    Finger, toe
  33. Myel/O = 
    Bone marrow
  34. Spondyl/O =
    Vertebrae
  35. What do the llium, pubis, and ischeum make up?
    Os Coxae
  36. What is bone tissue called?
    osseous
  37. What is athrocentesis?
    removal of fluid from joints

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