Anatomy Sec 6 arthrology
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What joints are synarthrosis joints?
immovable joints (i.e. sutures, synchondroses)
what joints are amphiarthroses joints?
- slightly movable
- -symphyses (fibrocartilage)
- - IV joints
- - syndesmosis (fibrous joint)
What joints are diarthrosis joints?
- freely movable
- - humeroulner joint
- - Synovial joint
What is an example of a syndesmosis joint?
anterior tibiofibular joint
What is a synchondroses joint?
bones connected by hyaline cartilage
What is a symphysis joint?
- joint connected by fibrocartilage
- - IV disk
In terms of movement, what type of joint is the synovial joint?
Diarthroses (free moving)
What are the basic structures of a synovial joint?
- Synovial cavity
- freely moveable
- articular cartilage
- articular capsule
- synovial membrane
What are the accessory features of a synovial joint?
- discs or menisci
- tendon sheaths
Knee, elbow, ankle, interphalangeal joints are all what type of joint?
What is an example of a condyle joint?
- oval projections fit into oval depression
- -Atlanto-occipital joint
What is an example of a saddle joint?
trapexium of carpus and metacarpal of the thumb
What is an example of a ball and socket joint?
What is an example of a pivit joint?
How many bones form the elbow joint and what types of joints are they?
- Three bones (ulna, humerus, radius)
- Hinge and Pivot joints
How many bones form the knee joint?
- Tibia and femur
- Tibiofemoral joint
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