AP World Chapter 20 Vocab

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AP World Chapter 20 Vocab
2012-11-19 00:25:49
AP World Vocabulary Chapter 20

AP World Chapter 20 Vocabulary
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  1. European trading fortresses and compounds with resident merchants; utilized throughout Portuguese trading empire to assure secure landing places and commerce.
  2. Most important of early Portuguese trading factories in forest zone of Africa
    El Mina
  3. King of Kongo south of Zaire River from 1507 to 1543; converted to Christianity and took title. Alfonso I; under Portuguese influence attempted to Christianize all of kingdom.
    Nzinga Mvemba
  4. Portuguese factory established in 1520's south of Kongo; became basis for Portuguese colony of Angola.
  5. Chartered in 1660's to establish a monopoly over the slave trade among British merchants; supplied African slaves to colonies in Barbados, Jamaica, and Virginia.
    Royal African Compaany
  6. Term used within the complex exchange system established by the Spanish for African trade; referred to the value of an adult male slave.
    Indies Piece
  7. Commerce linking Africa, the New World colonies, and Europe; slaves carried to America for sugar and tobacco transported to Europe.
    Triangular Trade
  8. Established in Gold Coast among Akan people settled around Kumasi; dominated by Oyoko clan; many clans linked under Osei Tutu after 1650.
    Asante Empire
  9. Member of Oyoko clan of Akan people in Gold Coast region of Africa; responsible for creating unified Asante Empire in 1701; utilized Western firearms.
    Osei Tutu
  10. Title taken by ruler of Asante Empire; supreme civil and religious leader; authority symbolized by golden stool.
  11. Kingdom developed among Fon or Aja peoples in 17th century; center of Abomey 70 miles from coast; under King Agaja expanded to control coastline and port of Whydah by 1727; accepted Western firearms and goods in return for African slaves.
  12. Pastoral people of western Sudan; adopted purifying Sufi variant of Islam; under Usuman Dan Fodio in 1804, launched revolt against Hausa kingdoms; established state centered on Sokoto.
  13. Wars of 19th century in southern Africa; created by Zulu expansion under Shaka; revolutionized political organization of southern Africa.
  14. New African state formed on model of Zulu chiefdom; survived mfecane
  15. Southern African state that survived mfecane; not based on Zulu model; less empahasis on military organization, less authoitarian government.
  16. Movement of Boer settler in Cape Colony of southern Africa to escape influence of British colonial government in 1834; led to settlement of regions north of Orange River and Natal.
    Great Trek
  17. Slave voyahe from Africa to the Aericas; generally a traumatic experience for black slaves, although it failed to strip Africans of their culture.
    Middle Passage
  18. American-born descendants of saltwater slaves; result of sexual exploitation of slave women or process of miscedenation.
    Creole slaves
  19. African relgious ideas and practices in the English and French Caribbean islands.
  20. African relgious ideas and practices in Brazil, particularly among the Yoruba people.
  21. African relgious ideas and practices in Brazil, particularly among the Yoruba people.
  22. Formerly a Dutch plantation colony on the coast of South America; location of runaway slave kingdom in 18th century; able to retain independenve despite attempts to crush guerrilla resistance
  23. British statesmen and reformer; leader of abolitionist movement in English parliamen that led to end of English slave trade in 1807.
    William Wilberforce