OMS History Tri 1 Final

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Roberts
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184439
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OMS History Tri 1 Final
Updated:
2012-11-19 13:36:19
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OMS HISTORY
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This is the Trimester 1 Final Review Flashcards for Oakview Middle School. Mr Roberts
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  1. What was the first permanent English Settlement?
    Jamestown
  2. A person who exchanged their labor for a ticket to the Americas.
    Indentured Servant
  3. Term means “goods shipped to other countries”. Give an example of a good that was shipped OUT OF the colonies.
    Exports; Cash crops, tobacco, cotton
  4. Term means “goods coming in from countries”. Give an example of a good that was shipped INTO the colonies.
    Imports; slaves, manufactured goods, tea
  5. Taxes (fees) on imported goods
    Tariffs
  6. What country had control of the 13 original colonies?
    England
  7. Which colonial region relied on fishing, shipbuilding, whaling and trade? Name one colony from that region.
    New England Colonies
  8. Which colonial region relied on farming, raising livestock and fur trading? Name one colony from that region.
    Middle Colonies
  9. Which colonial region relied on plantation farming and slave labor? Name one colony from that region.
    Southern Colonies
  10. What formed the western border of the English colonies (Hint: Proclamation Line)?
    Appalachian Mountains
  11. Why did the Pilgrims, Puritans and Separatists come to America?
    Religious reasons/Freedom
  12. What was the first group of people to live in the Americas?
    Native Americans
  13. What was the second group of people to live in the Americas?
    Europeans
  14. What was the third group of people to live in the Americas?
    African Slaves
  15. Refusing to buy British goods (an attempt to get British to repeal (get rid of) taxes)
    Boycott
  16. Two sides agree to end an argument by “giving in a little”
    Compromise
  17. Colonists who stayed loyal to the King of England—DID NOT want independence
    Loyalists
  18. Colonists who wanted independence from Great Britain
    Patriots
  19. These acts were attempts by King George to pay off the French & Indian War debt---made many colonists so angry that they boycotted and supported the signing of the Declaration of Independence.
    Stamp Act, Sugar Act, Intolerable Acts, Townshend Act, Tea Act
  20. The biggest complaint that the colonists had---colonists had no say in Parliament yet laws being made affected them
    Taxation without Representation
  21. This act required colonists to only buy English tea
    Tea Act
  22. How did the colonists protest the Tea Act?
    Boston Tea Party (dumping tea into Harbor)
  23. Who was the oldest member of the Continental Congress? He also got France to help us in the Rev. War and invented bifocals.
    Benjamin Franklin
  24. Where were the first battles of the Revolutionary War?
    Lexington and Concord
  25. Who was the main author of the Declaration of Independence?
    Thomas Jefferson
  26. What did the Declaration of Independence do?
    Declared freedom from Great Britain/Officially started Revolution
  27. In the Declaration, “All men are created equal” really meant whom? Who did it exclude?
    Wealthy white men /Excluded women, poor, slaves, people of color
  28. This person fought in the French & Indian War, was a general in the Revolutionary War AND became president of the U.S.
    George Washington
  29. Which countries sent aid and ships to the colonists during the Revolutionary War?
    France and Spain
  30. Term: Resistance to an established government
    Rebellion
  31. Term: A visual or verbal communication used to influence peoples’ opinions or actions (Ex: Boston Massacre Picture)
    Propaganda
  32. Who is considered the “Father of the Constitution”?
    James Madison
  33. People participate in their government (vocab. term)
    (U.S. has one of these) Democracy
  34. A person responsible for voting, making educated decisions, and letting his/her voice be heard.
    American Citizen
  35. This lays out the plan of government for the United States
    Constitution
  36. In the Preamble, what does “Provide for the Common Defense” mean?
    To safeguard the country against attack
  37. In the Preamble, what does “Establish Justice” mean?
    Make laws and set up courts that are fair
  38. What amendment gives us the rights of press, assembly, petition, speech and religion?
    1st Amendment
  39. What was the ORIGINAL plan of government called?
    Articles of Confederation
  40. Why was the Articles of Confederation a weak plan? (3 things)
    Gave states too much power/no strong federal gov’t./no President
  41. What document replaced the Articles of Confederation?
    U.S. Constitution
  42. What are the 3 branches of government?
    Executive, Legislative, Judicial
  43. What was the job of the executive branch and who was in charge of it?
    Enforces laws/President and Cabinet
  44. What was the job of the legislative branch and who was in charge of it?
    Makes the laws/Congress (senators and House of Representatives)
  45. What was the job of the judicial branch and who was in charge of it?
    Interprets laws (Are they constitutional?)/Supreme Court
  46. Term: First 10 Amendments to Constitution (purpose is to protect individual freedoms)
    Bill of Rights
  47. Term: This means “a change” in the Constitution
    Amendment
  48. Term: This system keeps one branch of government from getting too powerful
    Checks and Balances
  49. This group officially elects our president (determined by the number of senators plus the number of representatives from each state.
    Electoral College
  50. What created a House of Representatives and Senate?
    Great Compromise
  51. Term: Division of basic government rules into branches
    Separation of Powers

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