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what is doctrine?
what is dogma?
a doctrine or body of doctrines concerning faith or morals formallystated and authoritatively proclaimed by a church
what is systematic theology?
the study of the teachings of the Bible in a systematic way; organizing the teachings of the Bible
what is the historical background of systematic theology?
Apostolic Council at Jerusalem (Acts 15)
what are the ecumenical councils?
conference of the bishops of the whole Church convened to discuss and settle matters of Church doctrine and practice
what is scholasticism?
organization, systematization. (faith seeking reason)
what was the verbal inspiration of scriputre?
God caused the writers to write the exact thoughts and words hewanted, using their own talents and experiences
what was the plenary inspiration of scripture?
all of Scripture is inspired
what is meant by the bible being infallible, inerant, efficient, and sufficient.
the bible is without error and needed for us to live a righteous life
what is the difference between inspiration and revelation?
inspiration is not equal to revelation
God revealed some purpose of scripture to the authors but not all
inspiration is the work of the holy spirit
what is the purpose of confessions?
Confessions are a way of dealing with division
Confessions seek agreement, not just outward unity
Christian confessions often function as secondary theological authorities
what is the origin of the apostles creed?
summary of the teaching of the apostles Old Roman baptismal confession trinitarian structure
St. John » Polycarp » Irenaeus much of it in place by 200 A.D.
what is the origin of the nicene creed?
based on baptismal creed of Jerusalem Reaffirmed and slightly modified at second ecumenical council (Constantinople, 381)
what is the ausburg confession?
the foundational confession of Lutheranism
what is the Diet of Ausburg?
the meetings of the Imperial Diet of the Holy Roman Empire in the German city of Augsburg
what is the book of concord?
the historic doctrinal standard of the Lutheran Church
what does the confessional subscription state about lutheranism?
in scripture lutheranism is evangelical
in the ancient church lutheranism is catholic
what is the evangelical aspect
the gospel is central
what is the catholic aspect
we interpret the gospel as it has been interpreted everywhere, always,by all
what is the main aspect of the trinity
three persons in one essence.
Interior relationships are distinct, exterior relationships are undivided
Coequal, coeternal, etc.
what role is usually attributed to the three parts of the trinity?
what makes mankind unique from other creation?
the body and rational soul
intellect and emotions
being made in the image of God
being ruined by sin
what is the image of God in the wide sense
In this context, such attributes as intelligence, moral capacity, and dominionwere clearly not lost to humanity in the fall
what is the image of God in the narrow sense?
These consequences are the result of the loss of God’s image in the narrow sense, which constitutes not only the characteristics of intelligence, moral capacity and dominion, but also the crowning attribute of perfect holiness or righteousness.
what is the law?
Natural knowledge obscured but sufficient to convict of sin
what is sin?
disobedience to God's will
what is adiaphora?
something is debatable, spiritually neutral
what is grace?
An attribute in God that moves him to save sinners because of the work of Christ
what is christology?
the doctrine of christ
what was unique about Jesus?
virgin conception and birth
what is the nature of christ?
nJesus Christ possesses two natures, human and divine (he is true God and true man), in one Person.
what is meant by state of humiliation when refering to christ?
With regard to Christ, it is a voluntary change in his status and power to serve humanity.
what is meant by state of exaltation when refering to christ?
The humiliation of Christ ended when Jesus took up his life again after his burial.This new state is called the exaltation
what happens during conversion?
God makes the unwilling willing
The Holy Spirit works through the gospel in word and sacrament
Repentance: contrition + faith
what is the view of synergism?
difference lies in man
what is the view of calvinism?
difference lies in God
what is the view of lutheranism?
Lutheranism: saved→God; damned→man
what is contrition?
an extreme sorrow for having sinned with a deep repentance concerning that sin
what is justification?
forgiveness of sins through faith
what is the wide sense of sanctification?
everything the Holy Spirit does to bring us to faith and keep us in the faith
what is the narrow sense of sanctification?
what defines good works?
Conform to God’s law
Proceed from proper motive
God’s Word is the only standard
what is punishment?
suffering of the ungodly
what is chastisment?
God’s fatherly corrections of his children
what is the symbolic definition of the cross?
what Christians endure because of their faith
what is the definition of the means of grace?
the gospel in word and sacrament
what defines a sacred act?
- A.Instituted by Christ
- B.Using earthly elements or “visible means”
- C.Offers, gives, and seals the forgiveness of sins
in regards to sacraments, what is meant by number?
not defined by Scripture; Lutheran confessions: Baptism, Communion,Absolution
what is the essence and benefits of holy baptism?
Essence: water applied (in any manner) in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
Benefits: depend on the faith
In regards to Holy Communion, what is meant by real pressence?
Real presence: Christ’s body and blood are truly and essentially present, distributed, and received together with the bread and wine [Lutheran]
In regards to Holy Communion, what is meant by transubstantiation?
Transubstantiation: the essence of bread and wine are completely transformed into the essence of Christ’s body and blood; only the accidents of bread and wine remain [Roman Catholic]
In regards to Holy Communion, what is meant by Representation?
Representation: bread and wine are symbols of the body and blood of Christ, which are confined at God’s right hand in heaven; is=represents [Reformed]
What is the Kingdom of God?
God’s rule in the hearts of believers in Christ
What is the Church?
all those who are believers in Christ
which are considered visible churches?
what are the marks of the church?
- 1)The gospel is preached in its truth and purity
- 2)The sacraments are administered according to Christ’s institution
- 3)Must judge by public written confessions
what is the use of the "keys of ministry?"
The keys are used publicly by called ministers of the Word andSacrament
what are the key points of the Two Kingdoms/Civil Government?
- I.Christians live both in God’s kingdom and the kingdom of this world
- II.Every honorable vocation can be performed to God’s glory
- III.All governmental authority originates with God
- IV.Basic principle: natural law/human reasonV.We must obey God rather than men
- VI.Church and state are separate
what is holy matrimony and its key aspects?
- I.One man, one woman, mutual consent, lifelong
- II.Order of creation
what are the three C's of holy matrimony?
Children, chastity, companionship