theology exam

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theology exam
2012-11-19 14:17:57

doctrine unit
Show Answers:

  1. what is doctrine?
  2. what is dogma?
    a doctrine or body of doctrines concerning faith or morals formallystated and authoritatively proclaimed by a church
  3. what is systematic theology?
    the study of the teachings of the Bible in a systematic way; organizing the teachings of the Bible
  4. what is the historical background of systematic theology?
     Apostolic Council at Jerusalem (Acts 15)
  5. what are the ecumenical councils?
     conference of the bishops of the whole Church convened to discuss and settle matters of Church doctrine and practice
  6. what is scholasticism?
     organization, systematization. (faith seeking reason)
  7. what was the verbal inspiration of scriputre?
     God caused the writers to write the exact thoughts and words hewanted, using their own talents and experiences
  8. what was the plenary inspiration of scripture?
    all of Scripture is inspired
  9. what is meant by the bible being infallible, inerant, efficient, and sufficient.
    the bible is without error and needed for us to live a righteous life
  10. what is the difference between inspiration and revelation?
    inspiration is not equal to revelation

    God revealed some purpose of scripture to the authors but not all

    inspiration is the work of the holy spirit
  11. what is the purpose of confessions?
    Confessions are a way of dealing with division

    Confessions seek agreement, not just outward unity

    Christian confessions often function as secondary theological authorities
  12. what is the origin of the apostles creed?
    summary of the teaching of the apostles Old Roman baptismal confession trinitarian structure

    St. John » Polycarp » Irenaeus much of it in place by 200 A.D.
  13. what is the origin of the nicene creed?
     based on baptismal creed of Jerusalem Reaffirmed and slightly modified at second ecumenical council (Constantinople, 381)
  14. what is the ausburg confession?
     the foundational confession of Lutheranism
  15. what is the Diet of Ausburg?
    the meetings of the Imperial Diet  of the Holy Roman Empire in the German city of Augsburg
  16. what is the book of concord?
    the historic doctrinal standard of the Lutheran Church
  17. what does the confessional subscription state about lutheranism?
    in scripture lutheranism is evangelical

    in the ancient church lutheranism is catholic
  18. what is the evangelical aspect
    the gospel is central
  19. what is the catholic aspect
    we interpret the gospel as it has been interpreted everywhere, always,by all
  20. what is the main aspect of the trinity
    three persons in one essence.

    Interior relationships are distinct, exterior relationships are undivided

    Coequal, coeternal, etc.
  21. what role is usually attributed to the three parts of the trinity?


  22. what makes mankind unique from other creation?
    the body and rational soul

    intellect and emotions

    being made in the image of God

    being ruined by sin
  23. what is the image of God in the wide sense
    In this context, such attributes as intelligence, moral capacity, and dominionwere clearly not lost to humanity in the fall
  24. what is the image of God in the narrow sense?
    These consequences are the result of the loss of God’s image in the narrow sense, which constitutes not only the characteristics of intelligence, moral capacity and dominion, but also the crowning attribute of perfect holiness or righteousness.
  25. what is the law?
    Natural knowledge obscured but sufficient to convict of sin
  26. what is sin?
    disobedience to God's will
  27. what is adiaphora?
    something is debatable,  spiritually neutral
  28. what is grace?
    An attribute in God that moves him to save sinners because of the work of Christ
  29. what is christology?
    the doctrine of christ
  30. what was unique about Jesus?
    virgin conception and birth


  31. what is the nature of christ?
    nJesus Christ possesses two natures, human and divine (he is true God and true man), in one Person.
  32. what is meant by state of humiliation when refering to christ?
    With regard to Christ, it is a voluntary change in his status and power to serve humanity.
  33. what is meant by state of exaltation when refering to christ?
    The humiliation of Christ ended when Jesus took up his life again after his burial.This new state is called the exaltation
  34. what happens during conversion?
    God makes the unwilling willing

    The Holy Spirit works through the gospel in word and sacrament

    Repentance: contrition + faith
  35. what is the view of synergism?
    difference lies in man
  36. what is the view of calvinism?
    difference lies in God
  37. what is the view of lutheranism?
    Lutheranism: saved→God; damned→man
  38. what is contrition?
    an extreme sorrow for having sinned with a deep repentance concerning that sin
  39. what is justification?
    forgiveness of sins through faith
  40. what is the wide sense of sanctification?
    everything the Holy Spirit does to bring us to faith and keep us in the faith
  41. what is the narrow sense of sanctification?
    good works
  42. what defines good works?
    Conform to God’s law

    Proceed from proper motive

    God’s Word is the only standard
  43. what is punishment?
    suffering of the ungodly
  44. what is chastisment?
    God’s fatherly corrections of his children
  45. what is the symbolic definition of the cross?
    what Christians endure because of their faith
  46. what is the definition of the means of grace?
    the gospel in word and sacrament
  47. what defines a sacred act?
    • A.Instituted by Christ
    • B.Using earthly elements or “visible means”
    • C.Offers, gives, and seals the forgiveness of sins
  48. in regards to sacraments, what is meant by number?
    not defined by Scripture; Lutheran confessions: Baptism, Communion,Absolution
  49. what is the essence and benefits of holy baptism?
    Essence: water applied (in any manner) in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit

    Benefits: depend on the faith
  50. In regards to Holy Communion, what is meant by real pressence?
    Real presence: Christ’s body and blood are truly and essentially present, distributed, and received together with the bread and wine [Lutheran]
  51. In regards to Holy Communion, what is meant by transubstantiation?
    Transubstantiation: the essence of bread and wine are completely transformed into the essence of Christ’s body and blood; only the accidents of bread and wine remain [Roman Catholic]
  52. In regards to Holy Communion, what is meant by Representation?
    Representation: bread and wine are symbols of the body and blood of Christ, which are confined at God’s right hand in heaven; is=represents [Reformed]
  53. What is the Kingdom of God?
    God’s rule in the hearts of believers in Christ
  54. What is the Church?
    all those who are believers in Christ
  55. which are considered visible churches?
  56. what are the marks of the church?
    • 1)The gospel is preached in its truth and purity
    • 2)The sacraments are administered according to Christ’s institution
    • 3)Must judge by public written confessions
  57. what is the use of the "keys of ministry?"
    The keys are used publicly by called ministers of the Word andSacrament
  58. what are the key points of the Two Kingdoms/Civil Government?
    • I.Christians live both in God’s kingdom and the kingdom of this world
    • II.Every honorable vocation can be performed to God’s glory
    • III.All governmental authority originates with God
    • IV.Basic principle: natural law/human reasonV.We must obey God rather than men
    • VI.Church and state are separate
  59. what is holy matrimony and its key aspects?
    • I.One man, one woman, mutual consent, lifelong
    • II.Order of creation
  60. what are the three C's of holy matrimony?
    Children, chastity, companionship