One that is shared between states and the national government like taxation.
What was the name of the United States first constitution?
The articles of confederation
Which branch can veto a bill?
Which branch declares laws unconstitutional?
Which body serves as the jury to the judge as an impeached official?
Which right is protected in the second amendment?
Right to bear arms
What is the purpose of due process rights?
Prevent abuse of innocent people by the government
What do police need in order to search a home?
an occupant's permission or search a search warrant
The exclusionary rule says that evidence wich was obtained illegally cannot be used in court. On what right is this rule based
4th amendment protection against unreasonable searches.
From what does does the fourth amendment protect people
Unreasonable search and seizure
Which body impeaches the president or other officials?
The house of representative
What are checks and balances?
The ability of each branach of government to black the others
How does a president approve of a bill that has been passed by congress
He/She signs it
How does the president disapprove of a bill that has benn passed by congress
He/She vetoes the bill
What are the five protections in the first amendment?
Religion, speech, press, assembly petition
What or what does the bill of nights protect us from
What are the first ten amendments called
The bill of rights
Why did the articles of confederation not survive more than 6 years?
The central government that it created had very little power to control, order, & keep the country organized.
What is a republic?
government in which the people rule through representatives they elect.
What is delegated power?
a power that the constitution gives to congress
How can the constitution be changes?
2/3 of each house must vote for the change then 3/4 of the states myst ratify it.
How is the constitution flexible?
1.) Can be amended by a vote of congress and the states
2.) It's words are broad & general
3.) Can be interpreted differently by judges of different eras
Who was the father of the constitution?
James madison; he came up with the vigirnia of the 3 branches
Where do the government get their power according to the declaration of independence?
The governed; people who live under the government
Which branch confirms the nomination of judges
The senate of the legislative
Which branch inpeaches judges
Sentate: in the jury
Which branch nominates judges
which branch can overide a veto
The 13th, 14th, & 15th amendments were enacted after the civil war. What was their pupose?
to end slavery and protect the rights of ex slaves
What amendment prevents excessive bail or cruel and usual punishment
What amendment requires speedy and public trials
In What case did the supremem court say that schools can search students' possessions including purses, if the school has a reasonable suspicion and needs to conduch the seach to maintain order
New Jersey vs. TLD
In what case did the supreme court say that students don't lose their rights at the schoolhouse door?
Tinker vs. Des Moines
Which part of the first amendment protects people's right to have a public protest
How many braches did the articles of confederation have
One; a legislative branch
What is the latin name for the requirement that police tell an accused person what crime they are being charged with
The 14th amendment was encacted afer the civil war to protect ex slaves. what is one of its key principles
Equal protection of the law; everyone gets treated equally by the legal system
Who has the power of the purse; the right to authorize government spending according to the constitution
Who has the power to create taxes according to constitution
What is a confederation
alliance of small units of governments, like the american states in which the central government has very little power and each state keeps its authority to rule itself
what was the great promise
agreement at the consitutional convention to have both a house of representatives(larger states had more power) and a senate (every state was equal)
what does the executive branch do
Enforces and carries out the laws when congress writes a law, they put its policies into effect in real life.
What was the 3/5th compromise
solution to north-south disagreements about weather the south would get to tcount the slaves as part of their populations when it was being decided how man many representatives each would get in the house
Which amendment protected the right to vote for everyone age 18 or older
The 15th, 19th, & 26th amendments all expanded voting rights ehich groups got the right to vote
racial minorities, women and young people age 18 and down
Which amendment protected women's right to vote
which amendment ended slavery
how many senators does each state have
how many representative does each state get in the house
Depends on the population; small states have 1; Illinois has 18
what is the legislative branch role
what are the two houses of congress
house of representatives and senate
what are the requirements to be able to vote
Be 18 years or older
Resident of the area where you register and vote
According to the west Virginia vs. Barnett court decision, do jehovah's witness have to pledge allegiance to the flag, even though their religion says that should not
No because of the first amendment; freedom of religion
who are the u.s senators from Illinois
Mark Kirk and Dick Durban
What is Illinois's capital city
What is the job tittle fo the chief of the illinois executive branch
What are minority rules
puts limits on majority to keep it form doing tryannical things:Minority protected by bill of rights
What are the 3 branches of government
Legislative, executive, judicial
what is the purpose of the bill of rights
to protect the people from mistreatment by the federal government
what is the seperation of powers
the allocation of some authority to each of three branches of government
what is a democracy
government in which the people rule directly by making the laws
which is prohibited power
one that constitution forbids; like granting tiltles of nobility
what is a reserved power
one that is saved for the states to use
any power that congress does not have
who has the power to declare according to constitution
who has the power to regulate the interstate according to constitution
how long is representatives term is office
what is the senator's term in office
Against who was the united states declaring independence
who is the current governor of illinois
what can people do when gov. stops protecting their rights
abolish the gov. says the declaration of independence
how are the Illinois state judges choses
they are elected
How is that method different from selection of U.S judges
U.S judges are appointed by the president
How are federal judges chosen
The president appoints them and the senate confirms their appointment
What is the judicial branches funtion
They interpret the law
How many judges are on the supreme court
Who is checking whom when a person is appointed to be the secretary of state is rejected
The sentate part of the legislative branch is checking the executive
which branch is the surpreme checking when it declares a law unconstitutional
Legislative and executive
Which branch confirms treaties that were negotiated by someone else
the senate confirms treaties negotiated by the executive
Why isn't the president elected by the greatest number of people's votes
The nations founders chose electoral college system instead so each state gets a small number of voters this protected state power and it allowed powerful elites to make the decision today a state's electoral votes almost always go to the candidate who wins the state's popular vote
how does a bill become a law
law (bill) is proposed
must get a majority vote in each house of congress
must be signed by president
if president vetos it, it can be overriden by 2/3 vote of each house
What are the miranda rights
the right to officially be informed of 5th and th amendment protections when one is arrested