psych ch. 9

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danilamotte
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psych ch. 9
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2012-11-19 16:57:01
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ch.9
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  1. developmental psychology
    study of changes in the physical and psychological functioning that occur from conception throughout the entire life span
  2. age change
    documents the way individuals change as they grow older
  3. age difference
    documents the ways in which individuals of different ages differ from one another
  4. chronological age
    number of months or years since birth
  5. developmental age
    chronological age at which most individuals display the particular level of physical and mental development demonstrated by that individual
  6. longitudinal studies
    make repeated observations of the same individuals over an extended period
  7. cross-sectional studies
    observe and compare groups of individuals of chronolgical ages at the same time
  8. physical development
    an organisms changes, maturation, and growth from conception and continuing across the life span
  9. zygote
    formed when the male's sperm fertilizes the females egg
  10. earliest behavior is
    the heartbeat; occurs during prenatal period about three weeks after conception
  11. maturation
    refers to the process of growth typical of all species who are reared in the species usual habitat and describes systematic changes in bodily functioning and behavior
  12. things that influnce maturation
    • genetic factors
    • nutrition
    • pre/post natal chemical exposure
    • sensory factors
  13. cognitive develpment
    study of the process of the products of the mind as they emerge and change over time
  14. john locke
    proposed empiricism which is the nurture perspective linking development to experience
  15. jean jacques rousseau
    proposed nativist view that the evolutioary legacy that each individual brings into the world is the mold that shapes development
  16. development
    pattern of continuity and change in human capabilities that occurs throughout life, involving both growth and decline
  17. nature
    an individual's bioloigcal inheritance especially his or her genes
  18. nurture
    an individuals enviromental and social experiences
  19. germinal period
    weeks 1/2; conception, cell division, mass of cells attaches to uterine wall
  20. embryonic period
    weeks 3-8; begining of organs, spinal cord takes shape, heart begins to beat, arms/legs become more differientated, face forms
  21. fetal period
    • months 2-9;
    • 2 months: begins to move
    • 4 months: weighs about 5 ounces
    • 6 months: 1 1/2 lbs
    • last 3 months: organ function increases, puts on considerable weight/size
  22. teratogens
    any agents that causes a birth defect
  23. palmer
    pressing object into palm; baby makes fist and tries to grab object
  24. survival reflexes
    sucking and swallowing
  25. moro
    sudden loud noise; infant exends arms and legs, throws head back and cries
  26. babinski
    gentle stroke on sole of foot, foot turns in and toes flare upĀ 
  27. authoritarian
    restrictive, punitive style in which the parent exhorts the child to follow the parent's directions and to value hardwork/ effort
  28. authoritative
    encourage the child to be independen but still places limits / controls on behavior
  29. neglectful
    characterized by a lack of parental involvement in child' slife
  30. indulgent (permissive?)
    placement of few limits on the child's behavior

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