NCTI- Pharmacology- Drug List B- Glucagon

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Author:
RunNickMarini
ID:
18451
Filename:
NCTI- Pharmacology- Drug List B- Glucagon
Updated:
2010-05-09 13:03:38
Tags:
NCTI Pharmacology Drug List Glucagon
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Description:
NCTI- Pharmacology- Drug List B- Glucagon
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  1. Glucagon
    trade name
    none
  2. Glucagon
    class
    hormone
  3. Glucagon
    mechanism of action
    • Elevates blood glucose level by converting stored liver glycogen into glucose
    • Increases heart rate and myocardial contractility and improves AV conduction in a manner similar to that produced by catecholamines
  4. Glucagon
    indications
    • ALOC with hypoglycemia when no IV can be established
    • Beta-Blocker OD
  5. Glucagon
    contraindications
    Not significant
  6. Glucagon
    side effects
    • Cardiovascular: tachycardia, hypertension
    • CNS: dizziness, headache
  7. Glucagon
    precautions
    • Only effective if liver glycogen is available, may be ineffective in chronic hypoglycemia or starvation patients
    • Use with caution in patients with cardiovascular disease or renal insufficiency/disease
  8. Glucagon
    interactions
    none
  9. Glucagon
    routes
    IM, IVP, IO
  10. Glucagon
    onset and duration
    Onset in 5-20 minutes and may last 15-30 minutes
  11. Glucagon
    dosages
    • Adult:
    • Hypoglycemia: 1 mg IM; May repeat in 20 minutes
    • Beta Blocker OD: 1 mg IV

    Pediatric: 0.03 – 0.1 mg/kg IM; Max dose 1 mg (must have documented hypoglycemia)
  12. Glucagon
    notes
    Place patient into recovery position to prevent aspiration should vomiting occur prior to patient becoming fully conscious

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