pushed for the creation of the women's auxillary army corp
Women's Auxillary Army Corp (WAAC)
U.S.army unit created during World War II to enable women to serve in noncombat positions.
A. Phillip Randolph
President and Founder of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters; organized a march on Washington to protest inequality of blacks in the workforce
the U.S. program to develop an atomic bomb for use in World War II.
Office of Price Administration (OPA)
an agency established by Congress to control inflation during World War II.
War Production Board (WPB)
an agency established duringWorld War II to coordinate the production of military supplies by U.S. industries.
a restriction of people’s right to buy unlimited amounts of particular foods and other goods, often implemented during wartime to ensure adequate supplies for themilitary
Dwight D. Eisenhower
An American General; Operation Torch, an invasion of axis-controlled North Africa
a name given to June 6, 1944—the day on which the Allies launched an invasion of the European mainland during World War II.
led an air and land bombardment against the enemy at St. Lo; allowed Patton to get through German lines
General that led his army through German lines winning a battle against the Germans
Battle of the Bulge
a month-long battle of World War II, inwhich the Allies succeeded in turning back the last major German offensive of the war
a name given to May 8, 1945, “Victory in Europe Day”on which General Eisenhower’s acceptance of the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany marked the end of World War II inEurope.
Harry S. Truman
Vice President to Roosevelt; assumed the presidency (33rd) after Roosevelt's stroke in April of 1945
commander of American Phillipino forces at Baton against Japanese; was ordered to leave by president, took his family and staff, and told his soldiers he would return, leaving them to be slaughtered
commander of Pacific Forces; avenged Pearl Harbor on the Japanese
Battle of Midway
a World War II battle that took place in earlyJune 1942. The Allies decimated the Japanese fleet at Midway, an island lying northwest of Hawaii. The Allies then took the offensive in the Pacific and began to move closer to Japan.
involving or engaging in the deliberate crashing of a bomb-filled airplane into a military target
J. Robert Oppenheimer
directed research of the Atomic Bomb;
August 6, 1945; the first of two cities to be bombed using the Atomic Bomb; was an important Japanese military center
August 9, 1944; A-Bomb codename Fat Man dropped on Nagasaki; Japanese surrender
the court proceedings held in Nuremberg, Germany, after World War II, in which Nazi leaders were tried for war crimes
G.I. Bill of Rights
a name given to the Servicemen’sReadjustment Act, a 1944 law that provided financial andeducational benefits for World War II veterans
led a group against segregation in the North
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
an interracial group founded in 1942 by James Farmer to work against segregation in Northern cities
confinement or a restriction in movement, especially under wartime conditions
Japanese American Citizens League
an organizationthat pushed the U.S. government to compensate JapaneseAmericans for property they had lost when they were internedduring World War II