Combining Forms

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Ankoku-Bara
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184602
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Combining Forms
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2012-11-27 13:45:34
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Combining Forms Medical Terminology
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combining forms for medical terminology
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  1. Arthr/o, Articul/o
    Articulations (a joint or place of junction {the place of meeting or coming together} between two different parts or objects).
  2. Gastr/o
    Stomach
  3. Ophthalm/o, Ocul/o
    Eye
  4. Ot/o, Aur/o, Auricul/o
    Ear
  5. Rhin/o, Nas/o
    Nose
  6. Aden/o
    Gland
  7. Cardi/o, Cordi/o, Coron/o
    Heart
  8. Gynec/o, Nymph/o
    Female, Woman
  9. Hemat/o, Hem/o
    Blood
  10. Immun/o
    Safety, Protection
  11. Nephr/o, Ren/o
    Kidney
  12. Path/o
    Disease
  13. Pulmon/o, Pneumon/o, Pneum/o
    Lung
  14. Cutane/o, Cut/o Derm/o, Dermat/o
    Skin
  15. Hidr/o
    Sweat
  16. Kerat/o
    Hard, Horny, Cornea
  17. Myc/o, Fung/i
    Fungus
  18. Onych/o, Ungu/o
    Nail
  19. Seb/o
    Oil, Sebum (Sebaceous glands produce a substance called sebum, which is responsible for keeping the skin and hair moisturized)
  20. Pil/o, Trich/o
    Hair
  21. Lip/o, Adip/o, Steat/o
    Fat
  22. Capit/o, Cephal/o
    Head
  23. Corpor/o, Somat/o
    Body
  24. Ped/o
    Foot, Child
  25. Oste/o, Oss/i, Osse/o
    Bone
  26. Muscul/o, My/o, Myos/o
    Muscles
  27. Ligament/o, Syndesm/o
    Ligaments (A short band of tough, flexible, fibrous connective tissue that connects two bones or cartilages or holds together a joint)
  28. Tendin/o, Tend/o, Ten/o
    Tendons (A flexible but inelastic cord of strong fibrous collagen tissue attaching a muscle to a bone)
  29. Fasci/o
    Fascia (a sheet or band of fibrous tissue such as lies deep to the skin or invests muscles and various body organs)
  30. Cartilag/o, Chondr/o
    Cartilage
  31. Ureter/o
    Ureters
  32. Cortic/o
    Cortex
  33. Pyel/o
    Renal pelvis (the funnel-shaped expansion of the upper end of the ureter into which the renal calices open; it is usually within the renal sinus, but under certain conditions a large part of it may be outside the kidney)
  34. Pen/i, Phall/o
    Penis
  35. Balan/o
    Glans Penis
  36. Preputi/o
    Prepauce [foreskin] (a covering fold of the skin {it can be the skin of the penis or clitoris})
  37. Semin/i
    Semen
  38. O/o, Ov/o, Ovul/o
    Ovum
  39. Oophor/o, ovari/o
    Ovaries
  40. Salping/o
    Tube, Fallopian or Eustachian
  41. Hyster/o, Metr/o, Metri/o, Uter/o
    Uterus
  42. Cervic/o
    Cervix (Neck)
  43. Calp/o, Vagin/o
    Vagina
  44. Ven/o, phleb/o
    Veins
  45. Ox/o, Ox/i
    Oxygen
  46. Spir/o, Hal/o, Halit/o, Pne/o
    Respiration, breathing
  47. Capn/o
    Carbon dioxide
  48. Angi/o, Vascul/o, Ven/o
    Vessel
  49. Encephal/o
    Brain
  50. Cerebell/o
    Cerebellumb (The part of the brain at the back of the skull in vertebrates. Responsible for the regulation and coordination of complex voluntary muscular movement and the maintenance of posture and balance.)
  51. Cerebr/o
    Cerebrum (The largest portion of the brain, including practically all the parts within the skull except the medulla, pons, and cerebellum and now usually referring only to the parts derived from the telencephalon and including mainly the cerebral hemispheres that are joined at the bottom by the corpus callosum. It controls and integrates motor, sensory, and higher mental functions, such as thought, reason, emotion, and memory.)
  52. Dendr/o
    Dendrite (One of the threadlike extensions of the cytoplasm of a neuron; dendrites branch into treelike processes and compose most of the receptive surface of a neuron.
  53. Dur/o
    Dura mater (The though, fibrous, outer covering of the meninges {means hard mother}. Then it's the Subdural space {the space between the dura mater and arachnoid membrane}. Then Arachnoid Membrane {a thin delicate membrane that takes its name from its spidery apperance}. Then the Subarachnoid spcae {the spcae between the arachnoid membrane and the pia mater} Finally, the pia mater {the thin vascular membranethat is the innermost of the three meninges; means soft mother})
  54. Lob/o
    Lobe
  55. Mening/o, Meningi/o
    Meninges (A series of membranous layers of connective tissue that protect the central nervous system ({brain and spinal cord}).
  56. Neur/o
    Nerve
  57. Rhiz/o, Radicul/o
    Nerve root
  58. Home/o
    Same
  59. Cord/o, Chord/o, Myel/o
    Spinal Cord
  60. Astr/o
    Star
  61. Ventricul/o
    Ventricle (The two chambers of the heart that are involved in pumping blood. A hollow part or cavity in an organ, in particular)
  62. Phas/o
    Speech
  63. Phag/o
    Eat
  64. Somn/o, Narc/o
    Sleep
  65. Kinesi/o
    Movement
  66. Esthesi/o
    Feeling
  67. Calcul/o, Lith/o
    Stone
  68. Geus/o
    Taste
  69. Gnos/o
    Knowledge
  70. Graph/o
    To write, Writing
  71. Osm/o
    Sense of smell
  72. Prax/o
    Purposeful movemnt
  73. Lex/o
    Word, Speech
  74. Spin/o, Vertebr/o
    Spine, Vertebra (any of the 33 bones of the vertebral (spinal) column, comprising 7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, and 4 coccygeal vertebrae)
  75. Troph/o
    Development, Nourishment
  76. Later/o
    Side
  77. Ischem/o
    Hold back
  78. Fibr/o
    Fiber
  79. Medull/o
    Medulla (The inner region of an organ or tissue)
  80. Blast/o
    Embryonic, Immature
  81. Tom/o
    Slice, Section, Cutting
  82. Electr/o
    Electricity
  83. Lumb/o
    Lower back
  84. Crani/o
    Skull, Cranium
  85. Stere/o
    3-Dimensional
  86. Tax/o
    Order, Arrangement
  87. Arteri/o
    Artery (a vessel in which blood flows away from the heart, in the systemic circulation carrying oxygenated blood)
  88. Kathis/o
    Sitting
  89. Hedon/o
    Pleasure
  90. Ton/o
    Tone, Tension (the act of stretching or straining)
  91. Psych/o, Thym/o, Phren/o, Ment/o
    Mind. Thym/o also mens thymus gland
  92. Ambul/o
    Walking
  93. Phor/o
    To carry, to bear
  94. Toxic/o, Tox/o
    Poison
  95. Pol/o
    Pole
  96. Cycl/o
    Recurring, Round, Ciliary body (the thickened part of the vascular tunic of the eye, connecting the choroid and iris)
  97. Claustr/o
    A closing
  98. Anthrop/o
    Man
  99. Orex/o
    Appetite
  100. Klept/o
    Steal
  101. Tract/o
    Pulling
  102. Iatr/o
    Treatment
  103. Canth/o
    Canthus (The outer or inner corner of the eye, where the upper and lower lids meet.)
  104. Conjunctiv/o
    Conjunctiva (The eyelids are lined with a protective think mucous membrane)
  105. Corne/o
    Cornea (The transparent layer forming the front of the eye)
  106. Blephar/o, Palpebr/o
    Eyelid
  107. Ir/o, Irid/o
    Iris (The circular, colored curtain of the eye. The opening of the iris forms the pupil. The iris helps regulate the amount of light that enters the eye)
  108. Dacryaden/o
    Lacrimal (tear) gland
  109. Dacryocyst/o
    Lacrimal (tear) sac
  110. Phak/o, Phac/o
    Lens
  111. Macul/o
    Macula Lutea (The are of the retina on which the light rays focus)
  112. Core/o, Cor/o
    Pupil
  113. Orbit/o
    Orbit (The bony socket)
  114. Opt/o, Optic/o
    Vision
  115. Laryng/o
    Larynx (voice box)
  116. Pharyng/o
    Pharynx (throat)
  117. Trache/o
    Trachea (windpipe)
  118. Lacrim/o, Dacry/o
    Tears
  119. Scler/o
    Sclera (The white part of the eye)
  120. Uve/o
    Uvea (Thhe middle, highly vascular {carry blood} layer of the eye)
  121. Choroid/o
    Choroid (The middle lining of the eye, it's behind the eye, between the sclera and the retina)
  122. Vitre/o
    Glassy, Vitreous humor (AKA Vitreous body, is a jellylike substance between the lens and the retina, which holds the choroid membran agianst the retina to esnsure an adequate blood supply)
  123. Retin/o
    Retina (The innermost tunic of the eyeball, containing the neural elements for reception and transmission of visual stimuli. The last layer of the Chroid and Sclera.)
  124. Trop/o
    Turning
  125. Phot/o
    Light
  126. Xer/o
    Dry
  127. Nat/o
    Born
  128. Ambly/o
    Dull, Dim
  129. Dipl/o
    Double
  130. Chromat/o
    Color
  131. Nyctal/o, Nact/i
    Night
  132. Scot/o, Phe/o
    Darkness
  133. Son/o
    Sound
  134. Nucle/o
    Nucleous
  135. Viscer/o, Organ/o
    Organ
  136. Goni/o
    Angle
  137. Trabecul/o
    Little Beam
  138. Mastoid/o
    Mastoid process (A hard, small projection of the temporal bone that is behind the opening of the auditory canal)
  139. Cerumin/o
    Cerumen, ear wax
  140. Meat/o
    Meatus (An opening leading to the interior of the body)
  141. Tympan/o, Myring/o
    Eardrum
  142. Ossicul/o
    Ossicle or Ossicular chain (the eardrum condus sound to three tiny bones in the middle ear)
  143. Staped/o
    Stapes (It looks like a a flat-based loop or ring hung from either side of a horse's saddle to support the rider's foot in mounting and riding; a stirrup iron. ossicles of the middle ear that transmit acoustic vibrations from the eardrum to the inner ear)
  144. Labyrinth/o
    Labrinth, Inner ear
  145. Lymph/o
    Lymph (A colorless fluid containing white blood cells, which bathes the tissues and drains through the lymphatic system into the bloodstream)
  146. Vestibul/o
    Vestibule (a space or cavity at the entrance to a canal)
  147. Cochle/o
    Cochlea (An organ of hearing)
  148. Macul/o
    Macula (Found in both the utricle and the saccule, provides information about the positon of the head and a sense of acceleration and deceleration)
  149. Audi/o, Acous/o
    Hearing
  150. Chol/e, Bill/i
    Gall, Bile (A bitter greenish-brown alkaline fluid that aids digestion and is secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder)
  151. Coagulation
    To clot
  152. Papill/o
    Optic Disk, Nipple
  153. Thel/e
    Nipple
  154. Adren/o, Adrenal/o
    Adrenal Gland (Also called suprarenal glands. These are  endocrine glands that lie like caps on top of the kidneys)
  155. Calc/o
    Calcium
  156. Gluc/o, Glyc/o, Glucos/o
    Glucose, Sugar
  157. Ket/o, Keton/o
    Ketone (The body is using fat for energy)
  158. Gonad/o
    Gonads (An organ that produces gametes [sex cells]; a testis or ovary)
  159. Pancreat/o
    Pancreas (oblong flattened gland located deep in the abdomen)
  160. Parathyroid/o
    Parathyroid gland (any one of four endocrine glands situated above or within the thyroid gland)
  161. Kal/i
    Potassium
  162. Natr/o
    Sodium
  163. Acid/o
    Acid
  164. Ur/o, Urin/o
    Urine
  165. Pituitar/o, Hypophys/o
    Pituitary gland (pituitary: the master gland of the endocrine system; located at the base of the brain)
  166. Insulin/o
    Insulin (A hormone that makes our body's cells absorb glucose from the blood)
  167. Cyt/o
    Cell
  168. Prolactin/o
    Prolactin (A hormone released from the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates milk production after childbirth)
  169. Carcin/o
    Epithelial cancer
  170. Thym/o
    Thymus gland (An organ in the upper chest cavity that processes lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell that fights infections in the body. This organ is part of both the lymphatic system, which makes up a major part of the immune system, and the endocrine system, which includes all glands that produce hormones)
  171. Radi/o
    Ray

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