Treaty of Versailles
Card Set Information
Treaty of Versailles
Paris Peace Conference Treaty Versailles 1919 History
The Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of Versailles
What was the Paris Peace Conference?
When the Allies who 'won' the war met in Paris to decide what to do with Germany.
This is when the Treaty of Versailles was created
Who were the
Britain's leader - David Lloyd-George
French leader - Georges Clemenceau
USA leader - Woodrow Wilson
What were the Punishments in the Treaty of Versailles? (there are 5)
Loss of Colonies and Land
Not allowed to join the League of Nations
How much were the reparations Germany had to pay?
How was Germany's armed force limited?
Limited to 100,000 men
Conscription was banned - soldiers had to be volunteers
Germany was not allowed armoured vehicles, submarines or aircraft
The navy could only build 6 battleships
The Rhineland was a demilitarized zone because it was the border between Germany and France.
Why was Germany not allowed to join the League of Nations?
Germany was not seen as a peace loving country (because they had 'started the war')
The Big 3 had to comprimise with each other on the Terms of the Treaty. What did this mean?
That none of them were happy with the eventual terms of the Treaty of Versailles
What were Clemenceau's attitude towrads Germany?
Seen great damage, destruction, deaths and invasion twice (1870 & 1914)
What was Wilson's attitude towards Germany?
Wants a fair treaty.
Punishment not to be to harsh.
To avoid another war
What was Lloyd-George's attitude towards Germany?
Stern punishment (but not TOO harsh)
Had to reflect public opinion
What were Clemenceau's main aims for the Treaty of Versailles?
Weaken Germany as much as possible (avoid future invasions)
Please French people who want Germany to pay.
What were Wilson's main aims for the Treaty?
League of Nations (world peace)
Strengthen Democracy (power to the people) - for peace
Self-determination (people rule themselves)
What were Llyoyyd-Georges main aims for the Treaty?
Keep trade with Germany
Germany loose it's navies and colonies
Avoid another war
Please Britsh people - who want Germany to pay
How did Lloyd-George feel about the Treaty?
Felt it was too harsh.
Happy with loss of colonies and navy.
How did Wilson feel about the Treaty?
Felt the Treaty was too harsh overall .e.g. reparations
Happy with the League of Nations.
How did Clemenceau feel about the Treaty?
Happy that France had Alsace-Lorraine back, military cuts and reparations BUT
Didn't feel the treaty went far enough