Behavioral and Emotional Development

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Behavioral and Emotional Development
2012-11-20 12:59:45
chapter 12 health related substance use disorders

Abnormal child psychology chapter 12: health related and substance use disorders
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  1. chronic illness
    an illness that is long lasting and often irreversible
  2. dyssomnias
    a category of sleep disorders involving difficulties initiating or maintaining sleep. Such disorders are oftne characterized by problems with getting enough sleep, not sleeping when one wants to, and not feeling refreshed after sleeping
  3. encopresis
    the passage of feces into in appropriate places, such as clothing, whether involuntary or intentional
  4. enuresis
    involuntary discharge of urine occurring in persons over 5 years or age or the developmental equivalent
  5. insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
    a lifelong metabolic disorder in which the body is unable to metabolize carbohydrates due to inadequate pancreatic release of insulin
  6. metabolic control
    the degree to which an individual's glucose level is maintained within the normal range (in reference to diabetes mellitus)
  7. morbidity
    the various forms of physical and functional consequences and limitations that result from an illness
  8. nightmares
    a form of parasomnia that occurs during REM sleep and is characterized by repeated awakenings with detailed recall of extended and extremely frightening dreams, usually involving threats to survival, security, and self-esteem
  9. parasomnias
    a category of sleep disorders in which behavioral or physiological events intrude on ongoing sleep. Persons suffering from parasomnias often complain of unusual behaviors during sleep such as sleepwalking and nightmares
  10. psychological factors affecting physical condition
    psychological disorders or conditions that are presumed to cause or exacerbate a physical condition
  11. sleep terrors
    a form of parasomnia that occurs during deep sleep and is characterized by abrupt awakening, accompanied by autonomic arousal but no recall
  12. sleepwalking
    a form of parasomnia that occurs during deep sleep, in which the individual gets out of bed and walks around but has no recall of such activity upon awakening
  13. somatoform disorders
    a group of related problems involving physical symptoms that resembe or suggest a medical condition, but lack organic or physiological evidence: somatization (expression of feeling through physical symptoms), hypochondriasis (preoccupation with real or fancied ailments), and pain disorders (recurring stomach pains)
  14. substance abuse
    in contrast to substance dependence, this diagnosis involves one or more harmful. and repeated negative consequences of substance use over the last 12 months. Because substance dependence is the more serious diagnosis, a diagnosis of substance abuse is not given if an indivudual meets criteria for substance dependence
  15. substance dependence
    a diagnosis of an adolescent or adult who must show a maladaptive pattern of substance use for at least 12 months, accompanied by three or more sugnificant clinical signs of distress: tolerance (the need for increased amount to achieve intoxication), withdrawal (cognitive and physiological changes upon discontinuation of the drug), and other indices of compulsive use. Substance dependence is also characterized as with or without physiological dependence (with or without evidences of tolerance or withdrawal)
  16. substance use disorders (SUDs)
    disorders that occur during adolescence and include substance dependence and substance abuse that result from the self-administration of any substance that alters mood, perception, or brain functioning