PSY 103

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PSY 103
2012-11-20 14:55:47
Psychology Applied Modern Life Chapter 12 Vocabulary

Exam 3: Chapters 12
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  1. Androngens
    • Sexual Differentiation:
    • The principle class of male sex hormones.
    • Both classes of hormones are found in both genders but in different proportions. 
  2. Gonads
    • Sexual Differentiation:
    • The sex glands
  3. Estrogens
    • Sexual Differentiation:
    • The principle class of female sex hormones.
    • Both classes of hormones can be found in both genders but in different proportions.
  4. Menarche
    • Females first occurrence of menstruation.
    • (occurs around ages 12-13)
  5. Spermarche
    • Males first ejaculation.
    • No clear-cut age
  6. Intersex Individuals 
    • Hermaphrodites
    • Incomplete Sexual Differentation
    • Born with ambiguous genitals, sex organs, or sex chromosomes.
  7. Sexual Values
    • Absolutism- No sex outside of marriage
    • Relativism- Relationship determines sexual activity
    • Hedonism- Anything Goes
  8. Transgendered
    “Those whose sense of themselves as gender people is incongruent with their gender at birth."
  9. Transsexual 
    “People who see themselves as members of the opposite sex and desire a sex change."
  10. The Four Key Aspects of Sexual Identity
    • 1) Sexual Orientation- one’s preference for emotional and sexual relationships (heterosexual, homosexual, or bisexual)
    • 2)Body Image- how one sees themself physically
    • 3)Sexual Values and Ethics
    • 4)Erotic Preference- attitude toward self-stimulation (oral, intercourse, or other sexual activities).
  11. Sexual Identity
    Complex set of personal qualities that guides one’s sexual behavior. 
  12. Sexual Socialization Factors for Women
    • Fear of pregnacy
    • Negative message about sex and men- “men only want one thing”
    • Women experience periods, fear of penetration
    • Guilt
  13. Five Key Gender Differences in Sexual Socialization
    • 1)Men have more interest in sex
    • 2)The connection between sex and intimacy is more important for women
    • 3)Men are more aggressive, initiation
    • 4)Women are more easily shaped by cultural and situational factors
    • 5)Men are the initiators and Women are the “gatekeepers"
  14. Sexual Disfunction
    Impairments in sexual functioning that cause subjective distress.
  15. Erectile Difficulties
    • When a man is persistently unable to achieve or maintain an erection adequate for intercourse.
    • Over the age of 57, 37% of males have this problem 
  16. Premature Ejaculation 
    Occurs when sexual relations are impaired because a man consistently reaches orgasm too quickly.
  17. Orgasmic Difficulties 
    Occurs when people experience sexual arousal but have persistent problems in achieving orgasm.
  18. Sex Therapy
    Involves professional treatment for sexual disfunctions.
  19. Sensate Focus
    • An experience in which partners take turns pleasuring each other while giving guided verbal feedback and in which certain kinds of stimulation are temporarily forbidden. 
    • Avoiding intercourse relives the male of the pressure to perform.
  20. Hypoactive Sexual Desire
    The lack of interest in sexual activities.
  21. General Suggestions Towards Sex
    • 1)Pursue adequate sex education
    • 2)Review your sexual values system
    • 3)Communicate about sex
    • 4)Avoid goal setting
    • 5)Enjoy your sexual fantasies
    • 6)Be selective about sex
  22. Erogenous Zones
    Areas of the body that are sexually sensitive or responsive.
  23. Refractory Period
    A time following a male orgasm during which males are largely unresponsive to further stimulation.
  24. Vasocongestion
    • Engorgement of blood vessels
    • Produces penile erection
  25. The Sexual Response Cycle
    • Excitement Phase
    • Plateau Phase
    • Orgasm Phase
    • Resolution Phase
  26. Coitus
    Involves putting the penis in the vagina and pelvic thrusting.