Behavioral and Emotional Development

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Behavioral and Emotional Development
2012-11-20 15:30:58
chapter 14 child maltreatment non accidental trauma

abnormal child psychology chapter 14: child maltreatment and non-accidental trauma
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  1. betrayal
    the degree to which a child feels a perpetrator gained his or her confidence through manipulation and coercion, as well as by the position of trust or authority held by the perpetrator. As a consequence, the child's emotional needs may be compromised by intense and contradictory feelings of the need for closeness and the fear of it
  2. child maltreatment
    the abuse and neglect of children by parents or others responsible for their welfare. Child maltreatment is a generic term used to refer to the four primary acts of physical abuse, neglect, sexual abuse, and emtional abuse of persons less than 18 years of age
  3. cycle-of-violence hypothesis
    the repetition of patterns of violent behavior across gernations. For example, persons who are abused as children are more likely to be abusive toward others as adults
  4. dissociation
    an altered state of consciousness in which the individual feels detached from the body or self. This process may be voluntary or involuntary, and can be adaptive when resistance or escape from a life-threatening situation is not possible
  5. educational neglect
    failure to provide for a child's basic educational needs, including allowing chronic trauncy, failing to enroll a child of mandatory school age in school, and failing to attend to a special educational need
  6. emotion regulation
    the processes by which emotional arousal is redirected, controlled, or modified to facilitate adaptive functioning
  7. emotional abuse
    abusive behavior that involves acts or omissions by parents or cargivers that cause, or could cause, serious behavioral, cognitive, emotional, or mental disorders
  8. emotional neglect
    failure to provide for a child's basic emotional needs, including marked inattention to the child's needs for affection, refusal of or failure to provide needed psychological care, spousal abuse in the child's presence, and permission of drug or alcohol use by the child
  9. expectable environment
    external conditions or surroundings that are considered to be fundamental and necessary for healthy development. The expectable environment for infants includes protective and nurturant adults and opporunities for socializtion; for older children it includes a supportive family, contact with peers, and ample opportunities to explore and master the environment
  10. information-processing disturbances
    cognitive misperceptions and distortions in the way events are perceived and interpreted
  11. non-accidental trauma
    the wide-ranging effects of maltreatment on the child's ongoing physical and emotional development
  12. pedophilia
    sexual activity or sexually arousing fantasies involving a prepubescent child by someone who is at least 16 years old and at least 5 years older than the child
  13. physical abuse
    the infliction of risk of physical injury as a result of punching, beating, kicking, biting, burning, shaking, or otherwise intentionally harming a child
  14. physical neglect
    failure to provide for a child's basic physical needs, including refusal of or delay in seeking health care, inadequate provision of food, abandonment, expulsion fromt he home or refusal to allow a runaway to return home, inadequate supervision of clean clothes
  15. relational disorders
    disorders that occur in the context of relationships, such as child abuse and neglect. Relational disorders signify the connection between children's behavior patterns and the availability of a suitable childrearing environment
  16. sexual abuse
    abusive acts that are sexual in nature, including fondling a child's genitals, intercourse, incest, rape, sodomy, exhibitionism, and commericial exploitation through prostitution or the production of pornographic materials
  17. traumatic sexualization
    one possible outcome of child sexual abuse, whereby the child's sexual knowledge and behavior are shaped in developmentally inappropriate ways
  18. victimization
    abuse or mistreatment of someone whose ability to protect himself or herself is limited