Development of Modernist Art (part 3)

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felara9614
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184683
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Development of Modernist Art (part 3)
Updated:
2012-11-21 19:35:34
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APAH
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Post-Impressionism, 19th century Sculpture, and Late 19th century Architecture
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    • The Night Café
    • Artist: Van Gogh
    • Era: Post-Impressionism
    • Techniques:
    • oppressive atmosphere of evil through the distortion of color
    • vivid hues juxtaposed for intentsity
    • blood red walls
    • radiating light in the ceiling - short thick brush strokes
    • pair of lovers contrasts a place of woe
    • filled with terrible passions of humanity
    • spinning work of nausea created by tilted floor
    • man behind pool table is ghost-like
    • shadows created because the paint is so thick
    • Starry Night
    • Artist: Van Gogh
    • Era: Post-Impressionism
    • Techniques:
    • creates peaks of paint
    • painted while self-committed to an asylum
    • view out of his asylum window turned into his personal vision
    • 1/4 landscape, 3/4 sky
    • syprus tree in foreground
    • deep blue with turbulent thick brushstrokes to create anxiety
    • blues create a deep depression
    • combining with an astronomical event - end of the world
    • radiating stars
    • waves in sky create movement and create oppression on society below
    • he didn't necessarily witness this event
    • tree painted to look like flames and to look dead
    • tiny steeple alludes to his past commitment to the church and how it failed him
    • Vision After the Sermon or Joseph Wrestling with the Angel
    • Artist: Gauguin
    • Era: Post-Impressionism
    • Techniques:
    • celtic folk ways and medieval catholic piety
    • natural men and women and were at ease in their unspoiled peasant environment
    • starched white sunday caps and black dresses
    • visualizing the sermon
    • crucifix on roadsides
    • landscape with street moving through it
    • twisted perspective
    • space emphasizes the action
    • women frame the spiritual vision
    • jacob and the angel are shrunken
    • alluding to cock fights
    • no unifying perspective
    • abstract patterns
    • no light and shade
    • shapes of color
    • unmodulated color that fills in flat planes
    • firmly outlined sections of color
    • angular and harsh shapes
    • caps, sharpe angled figures suggest the austerity of peasant life and ritual
    • inspired by Japanese prints and cloisonne enamel
    • Spirit of the Dead Watching
    • Artist: Gauguin 
    • Era: Post-Impressionism
    • Techniques:
    • nude figure lying faced down on a bed
    • tropical prints
    • death watching over her
    • siliar of fuseli
    • outlined sections of color
    • paintings connected to Egyptian art by the flattened figures
    • figures are types
    • At the Moulin Rouge
    • Artist: Toulouse-Lautrec
    • Era: Post-Impressionism
    • Techniques:
    • glaring artificial light alluding to the harsh brassy music
    • assortment of corrupt, cruel, and mask-like faces
    • simplifies the face to exaggerate the expression
    • distrotions by simplification- face anticipate Expressionism
    • spacial diagonals filled with color
    • elongated outlined figures
    • focus on clothing not faces
    • self portrait in back
    • Sunday Afternoon of the Island of La Grand Jatte
    • Artist: Seurat
    • Era: Post-Impressionism
    • Techniques:
    • underlying structure
    • recreational themes of Impressionism but more rigid and remote
    • sunlight is patches of color
    • calculated values
    • verticals in trees and figures
    • diagonals in shoreline and shadows create structure
    • repeated shapes of rounded forms of hats and parasols and dresses ceates rhythm- tightly controlled
    • geometric formalism of Renaissance
    • shifting social class relationship
    • no distinction between figures other than clothing like mass-production - people don't have identities
    • La Montagne Sainte-Victoire
    • Artist: Cezanne
    • Era: Post-Impressionism
    • Techniques:
    • colors in large lighted squares
    • reducing sunlight to geometric shapes
    • space stretches beyond the canvas
    • mountain seems both near and far - shifting perspective
    • contrived tree frames the image and creates a foreground
    • branches mimic the shape of the mountain - draws attention to aqueduct
    • contour of mountain is linear
    • brushstrokes in foreground hint at softening the image
    • buildings are reduced to shapes
    • Basket of Apples
    • Artist: Cezanne
    • Era: Post-Impressionism
    • Techniques:
    • cylinders and spheres
    • sections of color and shapes
    • solidity created by juxtaposing color patches
    • perspective shifts
    • all angles at once - precursor to Cubism
    • "architecture of color"
    • 2 and 3 dimensional image
    • Still-Life with Peppermint Bottle
    • Artist: Cezanne
    • Era: Post-Impressionism
    • Techniques:
    • reducing objects to basic shapes
    • rounded edges of bottle
    • flattens shapes
    • table cloth contrasts
    • compresses shapes
    • highlights the lighting as shape
    • Ugolino and His Children
    • Artist: Carpeaux
    • Era: 19th century Sculpture
    • Techniques:
    • shut in a tower to starve to death
    • twisted intertwined and densely concentrated figures - self devouring
    • torment frustration and despair
    • had Laocoon in mind
    • Michelangelesque figures
    • Adams Memorial
    • Artist: Saint-Gaudens
    • Era: 19th century Scuplture
    • Techniques:
    • memorial to Mrs. Henry Adams
    • woman of majestic baring sitting in mourning
    • classically beautiful face shadowed by a drapery that is like a tomb
    • voluminous folds of heavy drapery enclosed her body and create a sense of immobility
    • symbolically represents eternal vigilance
    • Burghers of Calais
    • Artist: Rodin
    • Era: 19th century Sculpture
    • Techniques:
    • 100 years war - spare city if 6 leading citizens would sacrifice themselves
    • had no heroism
    • dressed in sac cloths with key to the city
    • ordinary individuals wander aimlessly through space
    • different emotional reactions towards moving towards their death
    • elongates arms
    • enlarges hands and feet
    • heavy sac cloth
    • not on a high pedestal
    • ordinary people are capable of extraordinary acts
    • roughly textured surface adds to pathos and lighting
    • each figure faces a different plane
    • different planes reflect light in different directions (impressionism)
    • The Thinker
    • Artist: Rodin
    • Era: 19th century Sculpture
    • Techniques:
    • needs to live a better life
    • athletic figure inspired by Michelangelo
    • muscles strain from thinking - powerful internal struggle
    • The Eiffel Tower
    • Artist: Eiffel
    • Era: Late 19th century Architecture
    • Techniques:
    • 984ft tall, at the time it was the tallest in the world
    • symbol of modern world
    • made for Great Exhibition in 1889
    • 4 giant supports connected by arches that create a beam going across
    • legs are at a diagonal
    • doesn't cover skeletal structure
    • airy feel to a building that is supposed to be enclosed
    • mix of inside and outside space
    • lines up with parks and trees
    • connected to nature
    • trees helped create the line of the building
    • speed, economy, reduction of fire hazard - wrought iron
    • beginning of the American skyscraper
    • Marshall Field Warehouse
    • Artist: Richardson
    • Era: Late 19th century Architecture
    • Techniques:
    • covered one city block
    • practical use of storage
    • three part elevation - influence of Roman aqueducts
    • smaller arches on top
    • more rapid rhythm on top
    • big round arches with heavy masonry
    • focus on weight of the building
    • emphasizing the horizontal with a cornice/window sill
    • Guaranty Building
    • Artist: Sullivan
    • Era: Late 19th century Architecture
    • Techniques:
    • skeletal nature of the supporting structure creating a subdivision of the interior of the building
    • building that mimicked it's purpose
    • subdivide interior space to create individual work space
    • windows show divisions
    • terra cotta clad vertical members between each window
    • base ad cornice are considered free supports of the later century
    • open space - only pillars on bottom - free supports
    • tempers severity with lively ornamentation on piers and cornice of exterior
    • interior ceilings are decorated
    • elevator cages had detailed organic design
    • Carson, Pirie, Scott Building
    • Artist: Sullivan
    • Era: Late 19th century Architecture
    • Techniques:
    • department store
    • broad open, well illuminated space inside
    • minimal steel skeleton
    • each story is its own deck separated by white ceramic slabs
    • less cubical by creating irregularities - entrance on a corner
    • rounds corner - organic
    • lower 2 levels have ornamentation in cast iron, organic motifs

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