PSY 103

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nkenny100
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184699
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PSY 103
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2012-11-20 16:44:53
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Psychology Applied Modern Life Chapter 14 Vocabulary
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Psychological Disorders
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  1. Agoraphobia 
  2. Anorexia Nervosa
    involves intense fear of gaining weight, disturbed body image, refusal to maintain normal weight, and dangerous measures to lose weight.
  3. Binge-Eating Disorders
    involves distress-inducing eating binges that are not accompanied by the purging, fasting, and excessive exercise seen in bulimia.
  4. Bipolar Disorder
    is marked by the experience of both depressed and manic periods.
  5. Bulimia Nervosa
    involves habitually engaging in out-of-control overeating followed by unhealthy compensatory efforts, such as delf-induced vomiting, fasting, abuse of laxatives and diuretics, and excessive exercise.
  6. Catatonic Schizophrenia
    is marked by striking motor disturbances, ranging from muscular rigidity to random motor activity.
  7. Concordance Rate
    indicates the percentage of twin pairs or other pairs of relatives that exhibit the same disorder.
  8. Conversion Disorder
    is characterized by a significant loss of physical function with no apparent organic basis, usually in a single organ system.
  9. Delusions
    are false beliefs that are maintained even though they clearly are out of touch with reality.
  10. Diagnosis
    Involves distinguishing one illness from another.
  11. Disorganized Schizophrenia
    a particularly severe deterioration of adaptive behavior is seen
  12. Dissociative Amnesia
    a sudden loss of memory for important personal information that is too extensive to be due to normal forgetting.
  13. Dissociative Disorders
    are class disorders in which people lose contact with portions of their consciousness or memory, resulting in disruptions in their sense of identity.
  14. Dissociative Fugue
    people lose their memory for their sense of personal identity.
  15. Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)
    involves the coexistence in one person of two or more largely complete, and usually very different, personalities.
  16. Eating Disoders
    are severe disturbances in eating behavior characterized by preoccupation with weight and unhealty efforts to control it.
  17. Epidemiology
    The study of distribution or physical disorders in a population.
  18. Etiology
    Refers to the apparent causation and developmental history of an illness.
  19. Generalized Anxiety Disorder
    is marked by a chronic high level of anxiety that is not tied to any specific threat.
  20. Hallucinations
    are sensory perceptions that occur in the absence of real external stimulus or that represent gross distortions of perceptual input. 
  21. Hypochondriasis
    is characterized by excessive preoccupation with health concerns and incessant worry about developing physical illness.
  22. Major Depressive Disorder
    people show persistent feelings of sadness and despair and a loss of interest in previous sources of pleasure.
  23. Manic-Depressive Disorder
    • Previously known as-Bipolar Disorder
    • marked by the experience of both depressed and manic periods. 
  24. Medical Model
    Proposes that it is useful to think of abnormal behavior as a disease.
  25. Multi-Personality Disorder
    Dissociative Identity Disorder- involves coexsistence in one person of two or more largely complete, and usually very different  personalities.
  26. Mood Disorder
    • are a class if disorders marked by emotional disturbances that may spill over to disrupt physical, perceptual, social, and thought processes.
    • Unipolar Disorders
    • Bipolar Disorders
    • Depression
    • Mania
  27. Neurotransmitters
    chemicals that carry signals from one neuron to another.
  28. Obsessive-Complusive Disorder (OCD)
    is marked by persistent, uncontrollable intrusions of unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and urges to engage in senseless rituals (compulsions).
  29. Panic Disorder
    is characterized by recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety that usually occur suddenly and unexpectedly.
  30. Paranoid Schizophrenia
    is dominated by delusions of persecution, along with delusions of grandeur.
  31. Phobic Disorder
    is marked by a persistent and irrational fear of an object or situation that presents no realistic danger.
  32. Prevalence
    Refers to the percentage of a population that exhibits a disorder during a specified time period.
  33. Prognosis
    Is a forecast about that probable course of an illness.
  34. Schizophrenic Disorders
    are a class of disorders that are marked by disturbances in thought that spill over to affect perceptual, social, and emotional processes. 
  35. Somatization Disorder
    is marked by a history of diverse physical complaints that appear to be psychological in origin.
  36. Somatoform Disorder
    are physical ailments that cannot be fully explained by organic conditions and are largely due to psychological factors.
  37. Undifferentiated Schizophrenia
    is marked by idiosyncratic mixtures of schizophrenic symptoms. 
  38. Criteria of Abnormal Behavior
    • Deviance
    • Maladaptive Behavior
    • Personal Distress

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