Adolescent Development

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Adolescent Development
2012-11-20 19:06:07
chapter identity

adolescence chapter 8: identity
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  1. possible selves
    the various identities an adolescent might imagine for him or her self
  2. future orientation
    the extent to which an individual is able and incline to think about the potential consequences of decisions and choices
  3. self-conception
    the collection of traits and attributes that individuals use to describe or characterize themselves
  4. self-esteem
    the degree to which individuals feel positively or negatively about themselves
  5. sense of identity
    the extent to which individuals feel secure about who they are and who they are becoming
  6. false-self behaviour
    behavior that intentionally presents a false impression to others
  7. five-factor model
    the theory that there are five basic dimensions to personality: extraversion, agreeableness, conscienctiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience
  8. self-consciousness
    the degree to which an individual is preoccupied with his or her self-image
  9. self-image stability
    the degree to which an individual feels that his or her self-image changes from day to day
  10. identity versus identity diffusion
    according to Erikson, the normative crisis characteristic of the fifth stage of psychosocial development, predominant during adolescence
  11. psychosocial moratorium
    a period during which individuals are free from excessive obligations and responsibilities and can therefore experiment with diffferent roles and personalities
  12. identity diffusion
    the incoherent, disjointed, incomplete sense of self characteristic of not having resolved the crisis of identity
  13. identity foreclosure
    the premature establishment of a sense of identity, before sufficient role experimentation has occurred
  14. negative identity
    the selection of an identity that is obviously undesirable in the eyes of signficant others and the broader community
  15. agency
    the sense that one has an impact on one's world
  16. ethnic identity
    the aspect of individual's sense of identity concerning ancestry or racial group membership
  17. racial socialization
    the process through which individuals develop an understanding of their racial or ethnic background
  18. multidimensional model of racial identity (MMRI)
    Seller's perspective on ethnic identity, which emphasizes three different phenomena: racial centrality (how important race is in defining individual's identity), private regard (how individuals feel about being a member of their race), and publick regard (how individuals think others feel about their race)
  19. biracial
    having two parents of different ethnic or racial backgrounds
  20. androgyny
    the combination of both highly masculine and highly feminine traitsĀ 
  21. gender intensification hypothesis
    the idea that pressures to behave in sex-appropriate ways intensify during adolescence