Amiodarone & Vasopressin

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Author:
cjl410
ID:
184735
Filename:
Amiodarone & Vasopressin
Updated:
2012-11-20 22:12:26
Tags:
Phoenix College Paramedic 2012 2013 Drug Profiles Amiodarone Vasopressin
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Phoenix College Paramedic 2012 2013 Drug Profiles - Amiodarone & Vasopressin
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  1. What is the generic name for Amiodarone?
    amiodarone
  2. What is the brand name for Amiodarone?
    Amiodarone
  3. What is the class for Amiodarone?
    Antiarrhythmic
  4. What is the mechanism of action for Amiodarone?
    • Multiple effects on sodium, potassium, and calcium channels
    •      Dilates coronary arteries
    •      Decreases ventricular automaticity (potasium)
    •      Slows membrane depolarization and impulse conduction (sodium)
    •      Negative chronotropic effect (calcium)
    •      Prolongs action potential, refractory period
  5. What are the indication and field use for Amiodarone?
    • Supression of ventricular arrhythmias
    •      V-Fib, V-Tach w/out pulse
    •      V-Tach w/ pulse
    •      Polymorphic V-Tach
    •      Wide QRS tach of unknown origin
    •      Rate control in A-Fib/A-Flutter
  6. Dosage for Amiodarone?
    IV/IO or Infusion

    • VF/VT pulseless
    •      300 mg IV push 30-60 seconds, q in 3-5 min with 150mg

    • Wide complex Tach, AFib/AFlutter, V-tach w/pulse
    •      150mg IV over 10 minutes (mix in 50cc bag)
  7. What are the contraindications for Amiodarone?
    • Pulmonary congestion
    • Hypotension
    • Bradycardia
    • Cardiogenic shock
    • 2nd or 3rd degree blocks unless functioning pacemaker present
  8. What are the drug interactions for Amiodarone?
    • Caution with sodium bicarb, furosemide, and heparine in the same line (flush line)
    • Caution with beta blockers and calcium channel blockers due to similar mechanism
  9. Side effects for Amiodarone?
    • Phototopia
    • Hypotension
    • Asystole
    • N/V
    • Torsades
    • A/V blocks
    • Headache
    • Dizziness
    • Bradycardia
  10. Onset of action for Amiodarone?
    Variable
  11. AZ drug box supply for Amiodarone? 
    300 mg (150mg/3ml x 2)
  12. What is the generic name for Vasopressin?
    vasopressin
  13. What is the brand name for Vasopressin?
    Vasopressin
  14. What is the class for Vasopressin?
    Pituitary hormone (antidiuretic)
  15. What is the mechanism of action for Vasopressin?
    Causes vasoconstriction in cerebral, cornary, peripheral, and pulmonary vessels
  16. Indication and field use for Vasopressin?
    V-fib, pulseless V-tach (may replace 1st or 2nd dose of Epi only)
  17. Dosage for Vasopressin?
    IO/IV, ETT

    40 units one time only
  18. Contraindications for Vasopressin?
    • Repsonsive PT with coronary artery disease
    • Hypertension
  19. Drug interactions for Vasopressin?
    None
  20. Side effects for Vasopressin?
    • Abd distress
    • N/V
    • Tremors
    • Tissue necrosis if extravasation at IV site
  21. Onset of action for Vasopressin?
    Seconds
  22. AZ drug box supply for Vasopressin?
    40 units optional

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