Volume 2 Chapter 2B/C

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amerelman
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18477
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Volume 2 Chapter 2B/C
Updated:
2010-05-19 11:33:47
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Volume Chapter 2B
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Volume 2 Chapter 2B/C
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  1. Diastole
    Phase of cardiac cycle when ventricles relax
  2. Systole
    Phase of cardiac cycle when the ventricles contract
  3. Cardiac Output
    The amount of blood the heart ejects each minute in mL
  4. Stroke Volume
    Amount of blood the heart ejects in one beat
  5. Thrill
    Vibration or humming felt when palpating the pulse
  6. Bruit
    Sound of turbulent blood flow around a partial obstruction when auscultating pulse
  7. Cullen's Sign
    Discoloration around the umbilicus (occasionally flanks) suggestive of intra-abdominal hemorrhage
  8. Grey Turner Sign
    Discoloration over the flanks suggesting abdominal bleeding
  9. Ascites
    Bulges in the flanks and across the abdomen indicating edema caused by CHF
  10. Borborygmi
    Loud, prolonged, gurgling bowel sounds indicating hyperparistalsis
  11. Priapism
    Painful, prolonged erection of the penis. Can indicate spinal injury or medications
  12. Steps in Evaluating Joints
    • Inspection
    • Palpation
    • Passive range of motion
    • Range of motion against gravity
    • Range of motion against resistance
  13. Crepitus
    Crunching sounds of unlubricated parts in joints rubbing on each other
  14. Vertebrae
    • Cervical (C1-C7)
    • Thoracic (T1-T12)
    • Lumbar (L1-L5)
    • Sacral (S1-S5)
    • Coccygeal (4 fused)
  15. Spinal Curvatures
    • Normal- concave in cervical and lumbar regions, convex in thorax
    • Lordosis- exaggerated lumbar concavity (swayback)
    • Kyphosis- exagerrated thoracis convexity (hunchback)
    • Scoliosis- lateral curvature
  16. Pitting
    Depression that results from pressure against skin with pitting edema is present
  17. 5 Areas of Neurological Exam
    • Mental status and speech
    • Cranial nerves
    • Motor system
    • Sensory system
    • Relexes
  18. Posture and Behavior
    • Tense, restlessness, fidgeting- Anxiety
    • Crying, hand-wringing, pacing- Agitation, depression
    • Hopelessness, slumped, slow- Depression
    • Singing, dancing, expansive movements- Manic
  19. CN-I
    • Olfactory
    • Sensory
    • Smell
  20. CN-II
    • Optic
    • Sensory
    • Sight
  21. CN-III
    • Oculomotor
    • Motor
    • Pupil constriction, optic muscles
  22. CN-IV
    • Trochlear
    • Motor
    • Superior oblique muscles (eye)
  23. CN-V
    • Trigeminal
    • Sensory
    • Opthalmic (forehead), Maxillary (cheek), Mandibular (chin)
  24. CN-VI
    • Abducens
    • Motor
    • Lateral rectus muscle
  25. CN-VII
    • Facial
    • Sensory/Motor
    • Tongue/Face muscles
  26. CN-VIII
    • Acoustic
    • Sensory
    • Hearing balance
  27. CN-IX
    • Glossopharyngeal
    • Sensory/Motor
    • Posterior pharynx, taste anterior to tongue/Posterior pharynx
  28. CN-X
    • Vagus
    • Sensory/Motor
    • Taste posterior to tounge/Posterior palate and pharynx
  29. CN-XI
    • Accessory
    • Motor
    • Trapezius muscles, sternocleidomastoid muscles
  30. CN-XII
    • Hypoglassal
    • Motor
    • Tongue
  31. Babinski's Response
    Big toe dosiflexes and the other toes fan out when sole is stimulated. Indicates lesion of CNS
  32. Newborn Vitals
    • RR: 30-60
    • HR: 100-180
    • Systolic: 60-90
  33. Infant Vitals
    • RR: 30-60
    • HR: 100-160
    • Systolic: 87-105
  34. Toddler Vitals
    • RR: 24-40
    • HR: 80-110
    • Systolic: 95-105
  35. Preschooler Vitals
    • RR: 22-34
    • HR: 70-110
    • Systolic: 95-110
  36. School-age Vitals
    • RR: 18-30
    • HR: 65-110
    • Systolic: 97-112
  37. Adolescent Vitals
    • RR: 12-26
    • HR: 60-90
    • Systolic: 112-128
  38. Adult Vitals
    • RR: 12-20
    • HR: 60-100
    • Systolic: 100-135
  39. SOAP Report Method
    • Subjective- Patient states
    • Objective- You see
    • Assessment- Find in assessment
    • Plan- Treatment

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