Who were epic poems recited by in the banquet halls of kings and nobles
Name examples of epic poems
The Epic of Gilgamesh
Examples of modern works based on the epic hero cycle
Lord of the Rings
What is stage 1 of the epic hero cycle
The main character is a hero who often has supernatural abilities or qualities
Stage 2 of the epic hero cycle
Hero is charged with a quest
Stage 3 of epic hero cycle
The hero is often tested to prove the worthiness of himself and his quest
Stage 4 of the epic hero cycle
The prescence of numerous mythical beings, magical and helpful animals, and human helpers and companions
Stage 5 of the epic hero cycle
The hero's travels take him to a supernatural world, often one that normal beings are barred from entering
Stage 6 of the epic hero cycle
The cycle must reach a low point where the hero nearly gives up on his quest or appears defeated
Stage 7 of the epic hero cycle
Stage 8 of the epic hero cycle
Restitution. Often this takes the form of the hero regaining the rightful place
Stage 1 of the epic hero cycle in the Odyssey
Odysseus is renowned for his brain and his muscle. He has outstanding prowness and bravery
Stage 2 of the epic hero cycle in the Odyssey
Odysseus sets out on a quest to return home to regain his throne and punish the suitors
Stage 3 of the epic hero cycle in the Odyssey
Odysseus is tested by Poseidon, Cyclops, the king of the winds, the Laestrygonian cannibals, the goddess Circe, the sirens, Sycalla, Charybdis, and Hypernion
Stage 4 of the epic hero cycle in the Odyssey
Athena helps free Odysseus and a sea nymph saved Odysseus from drowning at sea
Stage 5 of the epic hero cycle in the Odyssey
Odysseus sailed to the end of the world. Here they made libations to the dead and sacrificed a lamb. He spoke to Tiresias who advised him and told the future
Stage 6 of the epic hero cycle in the Odyssey
Odysseus landed on the island where Hypernion kept his cattle. He told his men not to slaughter the cows (Circe + Tiresias advised him of this) but the men did anyway, incurring the wrath of the gods. A storm came and Odysseus was the only survivor
Stage 7 of the epic hero cycle in the Odyssey
Met the Phaeacians who helped him back to health and transported him to Ithaca
Stage 8 of the epic hero cycle in the Odyssey
Odysseus returns, kills the suitors, and takes back his wife and the throne
How were the Illiad and the Odyssey first told?
A series of epic poems and were widely performed and learned in Greek society
Who was the author of the Illiad and the Odyssey
Homer, a bard, is credited with writing the epics down, but its doubtful that the stories had one composer or that both were written by the same person. The epics are a product of a long line of oral tradition.
What do we know about Homer?
Very little, except that he is supposed to have been blind
What does the Illiad cover?
Only a few days of the Trojan War
How was Troy destroyed?
By a fire around 1100
An epic poem is a......
long narrative poem told in elevated diction
The dialogue is _________
It has a........
here (and archetypes) and he is larger than life and of national importance, a legendary guy
The hero goes on...... faces...... and shows.......
big adventures, great dangers, superhuman courage when doing his deeds of great valor
Supernatural forces both......
help and hinder the hero
The setting is.....
There are lots of.....
armies, ships, and warriors
The characters give.....
long speeches (monologues)
The poem starts in...... to present exposition
Medias Ves means
in the middle of things
The poem begins with.....
and invocation to the Muses and a statement of the theme
The muse of epic poems is ____
Frequent uses of ______
Homeric similies/epic similies
What is the difference between a similie and a homeric/epic similie?
Homeric/epic similies carry on for several lines
Character types. There are several. Look for them.