RA II test 1

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studytaz
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184941
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RA II test 1
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2012-12-03 13:15:05
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Physiognomy Ear Nose
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RA II test 1 Physiognomy of Ear Nose
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  1. The ears change less in lifetime than any other facial feature.
    (Although the lobe does get longer with age.)
     
    The left and right ears of an individual are not exactly the same.
     
    One ear is usually higher than the other.
     
    In cosmetology the ears are considered a warm color area.
     
    Pinna is the Latin word for the ear
     
    The ear is said to be in the shape of a question mark.
     
    The width of the ear is approximately 2/3rds the length of the ear.
     
    The ear is 1/3 the length of the face.
     
    The front border of the ear is aligned with the front border of the ear passage.
     
    The ear is basically a wedge shaped structure
    Physiognomy of Ear
  2. The opening of the ear passage.
    EXTERNAL AUDITORY MEATUS
  3. The outer rim of the ear.
    HELIX
  4. The beginning of the outer rim lying in the concha.
    CRUS OF THE HELIX
  5. The inner rim of the ear.
    ANTIHELIX
  6. The two branches of the inner rim.
    CRURA OF THE ANTIHELIX
  7. The shallow, three sided depression between the two branches of the inner rim.
    TRIANGULAR FOSSA
  8. The shallowest depression lying between the inner and outer rim.
    SCAPHA
  9. The concave shell behind and above the ear passage.  The concha occupies the middle-third of the ear.
    CONCHA
  10. The small eminence rising from the cheek and protecting the ear passage.
    TRAGUS
  11. The small eminence on the upper margin of the lobe.
    ANTITRAGUS
  12. The hollow inlet between the tragus and antitragus; situated anteriorly on the upper border of the lobe.
    INTERTRAGIC NOTCH
  13. The fatty inferior third of the ear.
    LOBE
  14. 1 …THE EXTERNAL AUDITORY MEATUS…
    2 …THE ZYGOMATIC ARCH…
    3 …THE MANDIBULAR FOSSA…
    4 …THE MASTOID PROCESS…
    • FOUR ANATOMICAL GUIDES
    • for locating the correct position of the ear
  15. the front border of the ear is aligned with the front border of the ear passage.
    THE EXTERNAL AUDITORY MEATUS
  16. this guide divides the length of the ear in to approximate halves
    THE ZYGOMATIC ARCH
  17. this guide lies directly anterior to the ear passage
    THE MANDIBULAR FOSSA
  18. this guide lies inferior and posterior to the ear passage  where it is hidden from view by the lobe of the ear.
    THE MASTOID PROCESS
  19. the nose is basically a pyramid wedge shape

    the nose generally has to be restored more times than any other feature
     
    the nose, more than any other feature, tends to display family characteristics

    the nose is the dominant feature of the face

    accurate recreation is more essential than with any other feature

    the root of the nose creates the upper limit for the length of the nose

    the nasal spur creates the lower limits
    Physiognomy of the Nose
  20. the forehead eminence on the lower portion of the frontal bone just superior to the root of the nose
    glabella
  21. the anterior ridge of the nose composed of three parts; the root, the bridge, the protruding lobe
    dorsum
  22. the concave dip below the glabella at the articulation of the frontal and nasal bones
    root of the nose
  23. the dome like structure over the upper part of the nasal cavity and formed by the nasal bones
    bridge of the nose
  24. the spherical area forming the inferior part of the dorsum it adjoins the wings and the columna nasi, it includes the tip of the nose which is the point of greatest projection
    protruding lobe
  25. the wings are the lateral lobes of the nose which lie between the protruding lobe and the cheeks
    wings
  26. the inferior margin of the wing which displays a concave arc
    arch of the wing
  27. the lateral walls of the nose bounded by the bridge, the cheeks, and the wings
    sides of the nose
  28. the angular depression located at the posterior margin of the wing and the superior end of the nasolabial fold
    nasal sulcus
  29. the opening of the nostrils in the base of the nose
    anterior nares
  30. the visible portion of the septum referred to as the superficial partition between the nostrils also considered the most inferior part of the nose
    columna nasi
  31. the vertical cartilage of the nose it divides the nasal cavity to make two relatively equal chambers
    septum
  32. the points of reference are:
    the root, the bridge, and the protruding lobe
    profile views of the nose
  33. there are three profile views of the nose (index)
    straight profile           concave profile           convex profile
  34. (aka grecian profile) this is the most common nasal profile all three points of reference (the dorsum) are in a straight line
    the straight nose
  35. (aka the infantile nose, pug nose, or button nose, retrousse, or snub) the protruding lobe turns up on the end
    the concave nose
  36. (aka the roman nose or the aquiline nose) sometimes referred to as a hook or hooked nose the convexity may be continuous from root to tip
    the convex nose
  37. three racial classifications of the human nose
    leptorrhine            platyrrhine          mesorrhine
  38. etymology: lepto - thin and straight;  rhino - nose
    this type of nose is described as long, straight, and narrow it is prominent at the bridge
    • leptorrhine racial classification…
    • (aka caucasian)
  39. etymology:  platy - broad and flat;  rhino - nose
    described as a shorter nose with a minimal projection at the bridge and broad at the base
    • platyrrhine racial classification…
    • (aka african american)
  40. etymology: meso - middle, medium;  rhino - nose
    this profile is considered to be intermediate it is shorter than leptorrhine, it is narrower than platyrrhine
    • mesorrhine racial classification…
    • (aka mongoloid)

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