10.1.2 The Growth of the French Kingdom

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10.1.2 The Growth of the French Kingdom
2012-11-23 08:14:13
Hour Quiz III

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  1. Capetian Dynasty 
    • a.      Capetian Dynasty had little power
    •                                                               i.      Controlled only land around Paris (Ile-de France)
    •                                                             ii.      Kings were formally the overlords of the great lords of France
    • 1.      Dukes had real power
  2. Philip II
    •                                                               i.      Important turning point
    •                                                             ii.      Perceived that French monarch power wouldn’t be extended until Plantagenet’s power defeated because Henry II and sons were both kings of England and rulers of French territories
    • 1.      Waged war against King John of Englandà gained control of Normandy, Maine, Anjou, and Touraine
    • a.       Through this, he quadrupled the income of the French monarchy and enlarged ts power
  3. Philip II Justice and Deathqq
    •                                                               i.      To administer justice and collect royal revenues, he appointed new royal officials, creating a French royal bureaucracy
    •                                                             ii.      Deathà
    • 1.      Capetian rulers still adding land to royal domain
    • 2.      Instead of using military fofrce like Philip, they used both purchase and marriage to get same end
  4. Louis IX
    •                                                               i.      Religious and canonized
    •                                                             ii.      Attempted to bring justice to people and ensure rights
    • 1.      Sent out royal agents to check on activities of royal officials after hearing complaints of pwer abuse
    •                                                           iii.      Involved in two crusadesà died in North Africa
  5. Philip IV the Fair and Estates-General
    •                                                               i.      Strengthened French monarchy
    •                                                             ii.      Household staff of affairs divided and enlargedinto three major branches
    • 1.      Council for adice
    • 2.      Chamber of accounts for finances
    • 3.      Parlement, or royal court
  6. How Did Philip IV bring French Parliament aboiut?
    • 1.      After struggle with pope, he summoned representatives of the church, nobility, and towns to meet in 1302, inaugurating the Estates-General (first French parliament)
    • a.       Instrument to bolster king’s power because he could ask representatives of major French social classes to change laws or grant new taxes
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      End of 13th c.--> France was largest, wealthies, and best-governed monarchical state in Europe