How Did Philip IV bring French Parliament aboiut?
- 1. After struggle with pope, he summoned representatives of the church, nobility, and towns to meet in 1302, inaugurating the Estates-General (first French parliament)
- a. Instrument to bolster king’s power because he could ask representatives of major French social classes to change laws or grant new taxes
- i. End of 13th c.--> France was largest, wealthies, and best-governed monarchical state in Europe