What did Frederick II do and why? What did it lead to?
- 1. Gave German princes full control of their territories, voluntarily surrendering real power over Germany in exchange for revenues while he pursued his main goal, establishing a strong centralized state in Italy dominated by his kingdom in Sicility
- a. Task: gain control of n. Italy
- i. Led to struggle with popes, who saw single ruler of n. and s. Italy meant end of papal secular power in c. Italy
- 1. Northern Italian cities unwilling to give up freedom