11.1.6 Mongol

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  1. Mongol Empire
    • a.      Rose to power in Asia
    • b.      Characteristics:
    •                                                               i.      Pastoral
    •                                                             ii.      Loosely organized into clans and tribes that warred with each other
    • 1.      Changed with Temuchin
    • a.      Unified Mongol tribes and gained title of Genghis Khan (universal ruler)
  2. Genghis Khan and 13th century
    •                                                               i.      Created powerful military force and devoted self to fighting
    •                                                             ii.      Succeeded by competent sons and grandsons
    • b.      13th century
    •                                                               i.      Conquests
    • 1.      China and Korea
    • a.      Khubilai Khan completed conquest of China and established Chinese Yuan dynasty
    • b.      1279: capital moved to Khanbaliq, later Beijing
    • 2.      Conquered Islamic empire= Persia, Baghdad and Abbasid caliphate
    • 3.      Moved into Europe, conquering Russia, destroying Poles and Teutonic Knights in Silesia in 1241
    • c.       Western and Southern Europe saved due to internal Mongol fighting 
  3. Russia
    • a.      Kievan Rus state (Christian in 987) prospered
    •                                                               i.      Society
    • 1.      Dominated by noble class of landowners= boyars
    • 2.      Merchants maintained trade with Scandivania and Islam and Byzantium
    •                                                             ii.      Civil wars and new invasions by Asiatic nomads caused principality of Kiev to disintegrate into numerous parts
    • 1.      Sack of Kiev by North Russian princes in 1169= end to first Russian state
  4. Russia: Christian (Russian) Church
    •                                                               i.      Civilizing and unifying force
    •                                                             ii.      Initiated liturgy and organization of Byzantine Empire
    • 1.      Converted by Eastern Orthodox priests
    •                                                           iii.      Rigid religious orthodoxy
    •                                                           iv.      Close affinity with Byzantine civilization
  5. Russia 13th C.
    •                                                               i.      Mongols conquered Russia and cut it off from w. Europe
    •                                                             ii.      Ruled smaller area and required Russian princes to pay tribute
    • One Russian Prince, Alexander Nevsky of Novgorod, defeated German invading army at Lake Peipus in now Russia in 1242
  6. After Lake Peipus
    • a.      Cooperation with Mongols, which included denouncing his own brother and crushing native tax revolts, won them over
    • b.      Khan: acknowledged leader of w. part of Mongol Empire, rewarded him with title of grand-pricne” allowing descenents to become princes of Moscow and later leaders of all of Russia
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11.1.6 Mongol
2012-11-23 13:29:18
Hour Quiz III

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