Module 8

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Author:
djologist
ID:
185039
Filename:
Module 8
Updated:
2012-11-23 20:21:46
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Concepts Growth ad Development
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Description:
Concepts of Growth and Development (chapter 20)
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  1. What is growth and development?
    • Growth is physical changes and increase in size. Growth can be measured. Indicators of growth include height, weight, bone size, and dentition.
    • Development is an increase in the complexity of funtion and skill progression. Development is the behavioral aspect of growth. it is the capacity and skill of a person to adapt to the environment.
  2. Factors influencing growth and development?
    • Genetic
    • Temperament
    • Family
    • Nutrition
    • Environment
    • Health
    • Culture
  3. What are 5 Freud's Stages of Development?
    • Oral 
    • Anal
    • Phallic
    • Latency
    • Genital
  4. Freud's Oral stage
    • Age: birth to 1 1/2 year
    • Characteristics: Mouth is the center of plearsure (major source of gratification and exploration.) Security is primary need. major conflict; weaning
    • IMplications: feeding produces pleasure and sence of comfort and safety. feeding should be pleasurable and provided when required.
  5. Freud's Anal stage
    • Age: 1 1/2 to 3 years
    • Characteristics: Anus and bladder are the sources of pleasure (sensual satisfaction, self-control). Major conflict; toilet training
    • Implications: Controlling and explelling feces provide pleasure and sense of control. Toilet training should be a pleasurable experience.
  6. Freud's Phallic stage
    • Age: 4 to 6
    • Characteristics: Genitals center of pleasure, masturbation offers pleasure, fantasy, experimentation with peers, questioning abults about sexual topics, major conflict; oedipus/electra complexes
    • Implications: Child identifies with the parent of the opposite sex and later takes on a love relationship outside the family
  7. Freud's Latency stage
    • Age: 6 years to puberty
    • Characteristics: Energy is directed to physical and intellectual activities. Sexual impluses tend to be repressed. Develop relationships between peers of the same sex. 
    • Implications: Encourage child with physical and intellectual pursuits. Encourage sports and other activities with same-sex peers.
  8. Freud's Genital stage
    • Age: Puberty and after
    • Characteristics: Energy is directed toward full sexual maturity and function and development of skills needed to cope with the environment.
    • Implications: Encourage separation from parents, achievement of independence, and decision making
  9. Erikson's 8 stages of Development
    • Infancy (birth to 18 months)- trust verses mistrust
    • Early childhood (18months to 3 years)- autonomy verus shame and doubt
    • Late childhood (3 to 5 years)- Initiative versus guilt
    • School-age (6 to 12 years)- Industry versus inferiority
    • Adolescence (12 to 20)- identity versus role confusion
    • Young Adult (18 to 25 years)- intimacy versus isolation
    • Adulthood (25 to 65 years)- generativity versus stagnation
    • Maturity (65 years to death)- Integrity versus despair

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