final 105

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final 105
2012-11-24 02:40:06
final 105

final 105
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  1. hippocrates
    father of medicine

    hippocrate oath
  2. aesculapius
    • son of appolo god of medicine
    • common medical icon
  3. hygeia
    goddess of health

    aesculapius daughter
  4. panacea
    goddess of all healing and restorer of health

    aesculapius daughter
  5. staff of aesulapius
    a serpent encircling a staff and signifies the art of healing.

    the staff has been adopted by the american medical association as the symbol of medicie
  6. hermes
    the messenger of the gods

    the caduceus
  7. caduceus
    a staff encircled by two serpents with wings at the top.

    the medical insignia of the U.S. ARMY medical corps.
  8. MOSES
    first public health officer
  9. galen
    greek physician

    Prince of physicians
  10. edward jenner
    student of John Hunter

    he invented the first smallpox vaccine

    studied cowpox
  11. Florence Nightingale
    Lady with the lamp

    the founder of nursing
  12. carla barton
    american red cross
  13. WHO
    world health organization

    • controls and eliminate disease worldwide
    •                      the purposes of WHO are:
    • to provide worldwide guidance in the field of health
    • to set global standards for health
    • to cooperate with governments in strengthening national health programs
    • to develop and transfer appropriate health technology information and standards

    WHO created ICD 9 codes
  14. ICD-9
    international classification of diseases

    used to identify diseases and conditions using a specific code number
  15. DHHS
    U.S Department of Health and Human Services

    made up of more than 300 programs

    Oversees the Medicare and Medicaid programs.

    • immunization services
    • financial assistance for low-income families
    • child support
    • infant and maternal health
    • child and elder abuse
    • elderly americans
    • process more than 1 billion claims every year
    U.S Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases

    protect members of the military

    a clearing house for information and statistics associated with healthcare
  17. NIH
    National Insitutes of Health

    moved from Washingto D.C to Bethesda Maryland
  18. ambulatory care
    patients who are able to walk around and are not bedridden
  19. CLIA
    clinical laboratory improvement act

    enacted to ensure high-quality laboratory testing.

    a law
  20. MD
    medical doctor


    diagnose illness and disease and prescribe treatment for their patients

    write prescriptions and perform surgeries
  21. Doctors of osetopathy DOs
    Doctors of osteopathy

    holistic approach


    preventive medicine
  22. doctors of  chiropratic DCs
    doctors of chiropractic

    bone doctors

    focus on the nervous system

    subluxations: misalignments
  23. nurse practitioners NP
    traning beyond a RN and vast clinical experience

    diagnosing and prescribing medications for common illnesses
  24. Nurs Anesthetists
    registered nurses who administer anesthetics to patients during care by surgeons, physicians , dentists
  25. licensed practical and vocational nurses LPN / LVN
    offer bedside care , assisting with the day-to-day personal care required by inpatients.

    charting , administer medications, iv fluids provide education
  26. medical technologists MT
    perform diagnostic testing on blood , body fluids and other types of specimens to assist the physician

    work with bacteria and viruses

    work independently
  27. occupational therapists OT
    work with patients who have developed conditions that disable them emotionally , mentally or physically
  28. CEU continuing education units
    to enhance the knowledge of the professional medical assistant

    are required to maintain certification

    credits can be obtained through AAMA , AMT , educational instiutions , professional seminars and workshops
  29. the difference between CMA and RMA
    examination consultant and the cost.

    • CMA exam fee is $125 for CAAHEP or ABHES graduates
    • nonmembers pay $250 for exam
    • membership: $20 to $35 students annual dues $67 to $97

    RMA exam $95 inculdes first years dues annual dues are $48
  30. biosafety
    four levels

    level I includes well-known agents that pose a minimal or low biohazard potential to laboratory personnel and to the enviornment as a whole. pneumococcus and salmonella

    level II moderate potential includes hepatitis , lyme disease influenza viruses

    level III specific traning potentially deadly pathogens wear heavy personal protective equipment HIV , anthracis , rickettsia prowazekii

    level IV most deadly pathogens often produce incurable diseases . air borne transmission Ebola , Lassa , Hantavirus
  31. somatic cell transfer
    human cloning
  32. CEJA
    council on ethical and judicial affairs

    9 active members ( one resident physician member , one medical student )

    responsible for interpreting the AMA principles of medical ethics

                four components

    • principles of ethics
    • the fundamental elements of the patient-physician relationship
    • curren opinions of the CEJA with annotations
    • reports of the CEJA

    135 ethical issues
  33. idealism
    the practice of forming ideas or living under the influence of ideas
  34. allocation of health resources
    sometimes society must decide who receives care when serving all who need care is not possible. decisions must be made fairly and should be weighed carefully.

    allocating health resource include urgency of need , likeihood of benefit, duration of benefit , amount of resources required for successful treatment , and potential for change in the quality of life.
  35. introspection
    an inward , reflective examination of one's own thoughts and feelings
  36. disposition
    the tendency of something or someone to act in a certain manner under given circumstances
  37. veracity
    a devotion to or conformity with the truth
  38. duty
    obligatory task , conduct , service or functions that arise from one's position as in life or in a group
  39. fidelity
    faithfulness to something to which one is bound by pledge or duty

    keeping promises
  40. nonmaleficence
    refraining from the act of harming or committing evil
  41. respondeat superior
    let the master respond

    physicians are legally responsible for the acts of their employees when the employees are acting within the scope of their duties or employment
  42. guardian ad litem
    when a patient is a minor conset for surgery or treatment must be obtained from a parent , guardian
  43. confidentiality
    is one of the most scared trusts the patient places in the hands of the physician and staff. Breach of patient confidentiality is grounds for immediate dismissal of a healthcare professional.

    the strictest care must be taken when handling patient records and discussing information about patients
  44. emancipated minor
    a person younger than the of majority ( 18 to 21 ) who meets one or more of the following conditions:

    • married
    • armed forces
    • living separately and apart from parents
    • self-supporting
  45. scheduled drugs
    controlled substances act drugs are categorized into schedules I to V

    schedule I has the highest potential for abuse. has no accepted medical use in the united states ( heroin and LSD)

    schedule II high potential for abuse with severe risk of mental and physical dependence. ( opium , morphine, codine , ritalin , depressant , stimulant drugs

    scheduled III tylenol with codine , hydrocodone , butalbital with aspirin and steroids

    scheduled IV lower potential for abuse valium , phenobarbital , xanax , talwin , librium

    scheduled V cough medicines , anitdiarrheal products
  46. disability act
    1990 signed to eliminate discrimination against individuals with disablities

    15 or more employees
  47. licensure
    accomplished by examination , reciprocity , or endorsement

    state board of medical examiners or board of registration
  48. abandonment
    to withdraw protection or support in medicine , to discontinue medical care without proper notice after accepting a patient
  49. plaintiff
    the person or group bringing a case or legal action to court
  50. bailiff
    an officer of some U.S courts who usually serves as a messenger or usher , who keeps order at the request of the judge
  51. defendant
    a person required to answer in a legal action or suit , in criminal cases , the person accused of a crime
  52. implied consent
    presumed consent such as when a patient offers an arm for a phlebotomy procedure
  53. informed consent
    written consent
  54. testimony
    a solemn declaration usually made orally by a witness under oath in response to interrogation by a lawyer or authorized public official
  55. subpoena
    a writ or document commanding a person to appear in court under a penalty for failure to appear
  56. civil law
    acts that involove relationship of individuls with other individuals organizations , or government agenices

    • tort law
    • contract law
    • administrative law
  57. criminal law
    violations of the law punishable as offenses aginst the state or the federal government.

    welfare and safety of the public as a whole

    • misdemeanors
    • felonies
    • treason
  58. four D's of negligence
    • duty
    • dereliction
    • direct cause
    • damages
  59. job of supreme court
    handles appellate cases

    has the authority to ensure equal justice under the law.

    interprets and guards the constitution

    8,000 cases
  60. physician withdrawing from patient care sent by a certified letter should inclued
    • that professional care is being discontinued
    • copies of the patient's records to another physician on request
    • that the patient should seek the attention of another physician as soon as possible
  61. OSHA
    occupational safety and health act

    department of labor

    ensure workplace safety and a healthy environment in the workplace.
  62. CDC
    center for disease control